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The Red-cockaded Woodpecker (RCW), an endangered species, has first priority in refuge management on Piedmont. The RCW, a native bird the the southeastern forests, prefers mature, older age, open up canopy pine stands with a low ground cover of grasses and forbs.

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The loblolly pine tree savannahs on Piedmont NWR are regulated to certain the consistent availability of maturation pine for the resident populace of red-cockaded woodpecker as a primary habitat monitoring goal. V timber thinning and prescribed burning, we space able come create and also maintain this pine habitat. A diverse habitat is created by permitting sunlight to with the forest floor v timber administration and setup back sequence with prescribed fire. This form of habitat manipulation benefits a significant amount of species including the red-cockaded woodpecker, north bobwhite quail, Bachman sparrow, white-tailed deer, fox squirrel, wild turkey, and various songbirds.


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Bottomland hardwood forests on the refuge are frequently a narrow direct strip that tree varieties associated through moist environments, located adjacent to a creek. The most common varieties that conquer the canopy the this kind of forest at Piedmont NWR are sweetgum, green ash, several species of oak, and hickory. This habitat is essential to a range of wildlife on the refuge. Oak trees administer acorns for varieties like gray squirrels, white-tailed deer, and also wild turkey. In locations where a thick midstory occurs, varieties such together Louisiana waterthrush, wood thrush, and also Acadian flycatchers are provided with cover and also foraging sites.


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thought about the climax forest the the Piedmont region, this forest kind formerly spanned 50 to 75 percent of the region; many sites on productive soils were got rid of by conversion to agricultural uses or by wood harvests. Remaining examples are often found in rocky locations that were complicated to convert to agricultural fields. These typically include a range of hardwood types such as white oak, black oak, southerly red oak, pignut hickory, shagbark hickory, mockernut hickory, red maple, blackgum, shortleaf pine, and also loblolly pine, v dogwood, varieties of virburnum, wild plum, dwarf pawpaw, and also various hawthorne varieties in the understory. American chestnut was formerly a major component the the canopy. These species of ecosystems are vital for songbirds who use the canopies of maturation hardwood woodlands such as Red-eyed vireos, various varieties of warblers, and Summer tanagers. The difficult mast such as acorns and hickory nuts developed by the trees in this type of habitat greatly advantage wildlife types such together gray squirrel, white-tailed deer, and turkey. When mature pines and also hardwoods die, they form what are dubbed snags that carry out excellent habitat because that cavity dwelling species such together pileated woodpeckers and also flying squirrels.


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Wildlife openings comprise a very small percentage of the soil cover in ~ Piedmont NWR. The majority of these openings room old agricultural fields the were allowed to become fallow. We currently use a variety of habitat monitoring techniques such as disking, mowing, burning, application of herbicides to regulate invasives, and also planting native grasses and plants. These areas administer forage and also cover for varieties such as North bobwhite quail, white-tailed deer, Bachman’s sparrow, eastern meadowlark, and also Field sparrows. In feather wild turkeys deserve to be found using these areas for cover and also bugging for their quickly maturing broods. Pollinators usage these locations where a diversity that herbaceous plants occur.

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Bobcat

The most usual wildcat in phibìc America, the bobcat is called for that short, bobbed tail. They space medium-sized cats and also are slightly smaller but similar in illustration to your cousin, the lynx. Your coats differ in shade from shades of beige come brown fur with spotted or inside wall markings in dark brown or black.