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The surname Bahamas is that Lucayan Taino (Arawakan) derivation, although part historians think it is from the Spanish bajamar, meaning “shallow water.” The islands occupy a place commanding the gateway to the Gulf the Mexico, the Caribbean Sea, and the entire central American region. Your strategic ar has given the history of The Bahamas a unique and often highlight character. It was there that Christopher Columbus made his original landfall in the Americas. The succeeding fate that the calm original citizens remains among the much more tragic illustration in the breakthrough of the whole region, when the at an early stage attempts at European-dominated settlement were significant by intense nationwide rivalries, interspersed with long periods the lawlessness and piracy. As a result, the society and culture that has progressed in The Bahamas is a distinctive blend of European and African heritages, the latter a legacy of the slave trade and also the introduction of the plantation device using afri slaves. The islands, lacking natural resources various other than their agreeable climate and also picturesque beaches, have come to be heavily dependency on the income generated by the comprehensive tourist facilities and also the financial ar that have actually been developed, regularly as a an outcome of the injection of foreign capital. The ongoing popularity that the islands through tourists, mainly from phibìc America, has actually helped to keep a reasonably high conventional of living amongst the population, most of whom space of african descent. The capital, Nassau, is located on small but important brand-new Providence Island.


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Lying come the phibìc of Cuba and Hispaniola, the archipelago comprises practically 700 islands and also cays, only around 30 the which room inhabited, and much more than 2,000 low, barren absent formations. That stretches much more than 500 miles (800 km) southeast-northwest between Grand Bahama Island, which has an area that 530 square mile (1,373 square km) and lies about 60 mile (100 km) off the southeastern coast of the U.S. State of Florida, and an excellent Inagua Island, part 50 miles (80 km) native the eastern guideline of Cuba. The islands various other than brand-new Providence room known collectively as the out (Family) Islands. They encompass Grand Bahama, which consists of the significant settlements that Freeport and West End; Andros (2,300 square mile <6,000 square km>), the largest island of The Bahamas; Abaco, or good Abaco, (372 square mile <963 square km>); and also Eleuthera (187 square miles <484 square km>), the website of one of the early on attempts in ~ colonization.