Symbol: HgAtomic Number: 80Atomic Weight: 200.59Classification: shift metalPhase in ~ Room Temperature: LiquidDensity: 13.534 grams per cm cubedMelting Point: -38.83°C, -37.89°FBoiling Point: 356.7°C, 674.1°FDiscovered by: Known around since old timesMercury is the 3rd element in the twelfth obelisk of the routine table. It is classified as a transition metal. Mercury atoms have actually 80 electrons and also 80 protons v 122 neutron in the most abundant isotope.Characteristics and PropertiesUnder standard problems mercury is a shiny, heavy, silvery liquid. It is the only metal that is fluid at room temperature. It will certainly evaporate into the air at room temperature.Mercury is very poisonous and also can be soaked up by human beings through the air, skin, or by eat food v mercury. Too lot mercury can kill a person.When mercury come into contact with other metals, it dissolves them and forms a brand-new substance dubbed an amalgam. Iron is among the couple of exceptions and, as a result, is frequently used to keep mercury.Where is it discovered on Earth?Mercury is a really rare element found in the Earth"s crust. The is sometimes discovered in its cost-free state, yet is usually found in ores such as cinnabar, livingstonite, and corderoite. Most mercury this particular day is created from the mining the cinnabar, a shining red ore.For plenty of years Spain and Italy to be the largest producers that mercury. Spain mined mercury in stimulate to use it in your mining process for silver- in southern America. Today, the majority of mercury is mined in China and also Kyrgyzstan.

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How is mercury used today?
Mercury is provided in a selection of applications, however is gift phased out of several of them due to health issues. Due to its high density and thermal growth characteristics, that is offered in measuring tools such as thermometers and barometers. A major application this day is fluorescent lamps and also mercury vapor lamps.Other applications because that mercury incorporate dental fillings, telescopes, cosmetics, and vaccines.How to be it discovered?Mercury has actually been known around since ancient times and was supplied by civilizations such as ancient Egypt and ancient China. The first emperor that China, Qin Shi Huang, thought that mercury was part of the Elixir the Life the would help him to live forever. Unfortunately, mercury is toxic and also consuming mercury is likely what eliminated him.For numerous years, alchemists assumed that mercury to be the "prima materia" and also that all various other metals might be make from mercury. They assumed they could use mercury to make gold.Where go mercury obtain its name?Mercury it s okay is surname from the world Mercury i m sorry was called after the swift messenger of the roman inn gods, Mercury. It was offered this name due to the fact that it flowed rapidly in its fluid form. The prize Hg originates from the Latin indigenous "hydragyrum" meaning "liquid silver."IsotopesMercury has seven stable isotopes. The most abundant in nature is Mercury-202 i beg your pardon comprises approximately 30% of every mercury.Interesting Facts around MercuryDespite being the only steel that is fluid at room temperature, mercury has the the smallest liquid selection of any kind of metal. It becomes a solid at -38.83°C and a gas in ~ 356.7°C.Some fish, such together swordfish and also shark, have the right to contain high levels of mercury.The use of mercury in manufacturing has actually been prohibition in several countries including Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.The term "mad as a hatter" comes from hat makers who walk crazy breathing in mercury vapors from chemicals they used in make hats.Never organize mercury in your bare hands together it have the right to seep through the skin and also poison you. Mercury have to not be left the end in the open as it will evaporate right into the air and can toxicity you v breathing it.
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