Bearded dragon breeding can be fun and educational. Moustache dragon’s are among the most prolific breeders of all lizards and need small help to create dozens and also dozens the young every year.

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Bearded dragons space oviparous (produce young by eggs) and also can provide multiple clutches a year. Females have 2 germinal bed in every ovary and also all four can be energetic at the same time. This method a brand-new clutch deserve to be started prior to the first one has been laid (Amey and also Whittier, 2000).


Bearded Dragon breeding StagesHow come look after a Pregnant (Gravid) bearded DragonHow to care for bearded dragon eggsReproductive problems for male bearded dragons

Bearded Dragon reproduction Stages

The reproductive step the woman goes through are:

Brumation*CopulationGravidEgg layingNon reproductive

*While part exotic pets require brumation come reproduce, moustache dragons are not among them. This prolific breeders can be reproduced through or without brumation.

The reproductive step of the masculine goes with are:

BrumationSpermatogenesisSpermatic activity briefly interrupted

Sexual Maturity

age perform female bearded dragons breed and also start laying eggs

Bearded dragon breeding starts when they with a physics size, not so lot chronological age.

In the wild, bearded dragon will commonly be supposed to come of reproduction age between 1 and 2 years of age.

With the conditions of captivity promoting expansion in excess of what would typically be intended in a wild moustache dragon, a bearded dragon could well come to be sexually mature before a year of age if it got to the ideal size (Melidone, 2008).

Once the female is sexually maturation she is vitellogenic, can come to be gravid (with or without mating) and can place eggs.

Female moustache dragons are vitellogenic and also gravid (fertile and pregnant) from spring to beforehand summer (Amey and Whittier, 2000), this is as soon as mating and egg laying occurs.

Wild mrs Pogona young were provided by Pianka (date unknown) to reach sex-related maturity at around 90 mm size snout to vent and that the females contempt outweigh the males.

Stauber and also Booth (2003) taped sexual maturity in mrs Pogona barbata has actually been reached as soon as the snout to vent size was in between 110.5 mm and also 119.5 mm. The masculine body is bigger than the females.

Pogona species – FemalesSexual Maturity
Pogona boy (small mustache dragon’s)90 mm
Pogona barbata (large moustache dragon’s)110.5-119.5 mm
Bearded dragons deserve to lay egg without a mate!

A woman bearded dragon does not need a friend to start laying eggs, it will take place as a component of the normal reproductive cycle. However, if over there hasn’t to be a mate within the breeding season, the eggs will not be fertile.

Female bearded dragons deserve to store sperm in oviductal crypts in ~ a reproduction season (Amey and Whittier, 2000). This means a bearded dragon can lay clutches of productive eggs without a second mating in the exact same season. To guarantee the parentage of a moustache dragon you have to only mate to one masculine per season or you will certainly not recognize which is the dad of a specific hatchling.

age can male bearded dragon breed and also when space they fertile

A male bearded dragon (Pogona barbata) is sexually mature and also can start reproduction when it reaches a snout come vent size of in between 127.5 mm and also 135.5 mm (Stauber and Booth, 2003). Preferably snout to vent length for Pogona barbata is 25 centimeter (Badham as cited Stauber and Booth, 2003).

A wild masculine Pogona minor (bearded dragon) is sexually mature at approximately 80 mm snout come vent length (Pianka, day unknown).

Pogona species – MalesSexual Maturity
Pogona young (small moustache dragon’s)80 mm
Pogona barbata (large moustache dragon’s)127.5-135.5 mm

Male bearded dragon are fertile all year roughly except because that a short time in late summer (Amey and Whittier, 2000).


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Male mustache dragon hemipenis exerted.

Bearded dragon mating

Bearded dragon mating can appear quite violent. Bearded dragons breed very easily.

The male will approach and also circle the female. His beard will certainly be darkened, and he will bob his head up and down. The female will respond by bobbing she head up and down and also waving her arm in a one motion.

The male will secure the female by holding on to her neck or shoulder skin v his mouth. The male everts his hemipenis and once their cloaca space aligned, he inserts one of two people one or both that his hemipene into the female’s cloaca. When the woman is prepared to be let go, she will certainly raise her head to a upright position.


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Bearded dragons mating. Masculine will organize the mrs by biting she neck or shoulder. Cloaca’s room aligned the male will insert one of two people one or both of his hemipenes.

Sperm can be save on computer by the female in ~ the reproduction season. This means that reproduction by another male throughout the reproduction season means the parentage that the offspring will certainly be unknown. It could have to be the very first male, or it can be the second.

Interestingly, study by lane (2013) uncovered that masculine bearded dragon’s inspect out your rivals (other males with their bearded darkened, a threat) through their ideal eye, at the very least on very first pass.


How to look after a Pregnant (Gravid) moustache Dragon

Bearded Dragon is Pregnant, what perform I do?

To care for her pregnant mustache dragon (usually described as gravid):

Review calcium supplementation and D3 and also ensure heating and also lighting room working wellPrepare a dig boxDecide even if it is you will certainly be hatching every the eggs, hatching a select couple of or none at all

Now the your mustache dragon is pregnant, calcium reserves might be depleted quickly. The yolks take it a huge amount that calcium and also it is likewise required because that the shells. The yolk is responsible for producing the embryo which includes the bones.

Calcium supplementation, lighting and heating room even much more important than before for the advance of the embryos and also the health of the pregnant bearded dragon. She will also need the reserves for oviposition and muscle contractions come lay the eggs. If this isn’t right, MBD (linked post by Donald Buchanan, DVM) is a threat.

Ensure you are offering as much natural sunlight as feasible while she is gravid, so the she can make all the D3 she needs. This is a much much more reliable means of acquiring vitamin D3 than supplementation. Calcium supplementation will must be increased. More on that in the post Creating healthy and balanced Bearded dragon – overview to Calcium and Vitamin D3.

Once friend become conscious your moustache dragon is pregnant, administer a place box. She need eco-friendly cues come lay eggs, without this she can become egg tied which deserve to be disastrous.

When will certainly my bearded dragon put eggs? The time between mating and laying eggs for bearded dragon is roughly 4 come 6 weeks.

Within a main or two prior to she is ready to place the eggs, the moustache dragon’s digging will coming to be increasingly much more intense. If she isn’t digging, she most likely doesn’t have actually what she needs to destruction in and will most likely be moving up and also down the enclosure together if trying come escape…that’s due to the fact that she is trying come escape to lay she eggs what she sees together suitable.

Providing a perfect container, in the right location with a perfect substrate come lay eggs, is critical. If she refuses to usage the put box, then it isn’t an ideal for her.

The place box have the right to be sand or vermiculite. Vermiculite is a typical substrate provided in both research environments and also breeding. The material should be complimentary of fecal matter and also other rubbish or pathogens the can an outcome in fungus.

Provide a large lay crate container v vermiculite slightly dampened to at least a depth of 30 centimeter (10-12 or so inches). Dampening (not wet) the vermiculite will help it continue to be in location a little far better as she digs and the eggs shouldn’t stick come the vermiculite.

Thompson and Thompson (2003) tape-recorded the wild western Bearded Dragon (Pogona minor) creating test holes about 10 cm deep and then laid their eggs in burrows 20 centimeter deep. Pianka (date unknown) recorded comparable with woman bearded dragon laying egg in open sandy locations at about 15-20 centimeter deep.

Put the container in a place that is available to her bearded dragon. Some will be good in open spaces, yet others might prefer part privacy and security cover. Place the container lid fifty percent over the container must be adequate privacy. Leave her to lay and bury the eggs. Once she has actually finished you have the right to remove the container.

If you uncover she is no settling v the place box, try moving it and/or adding other material such together moistened moss.


Should all the eggs be hatched? moustache dragons room so simple to breed and also so prolific the they are unfortunately bred to excess.

For every moustache dragon the hatches you will have to feed it. Some will have to be housed independently as each will grow at various rates producing hazards because that the smaller ones. Hatchlings will frequently bite turn off toes, tails and more of your siblings.

Rather than adding to the already big population, consider hatching simply a few of the eggs.

Bearded Dragon eggs from brothers – Inbreeding

If the productive eggs space a an outcome of 2 siblings, the eggs must be destroyed. Every one of the eggs may not hatch and also for those the do, inbreeding can result in significant birth defects.

How to eliminate Bearded Dragon Eggs

Can ns freeze mustache dragon eggs? together the nervous system has actually not yet developed in fresh laid eggs, you deserve to cull the number of eggs through freezing any type of excess.

For eggs the are much less than 50% with gestation they can be destroyed by freezing because that 4 hours at much less than 4°C (39°F) (Animal treatment & usage Standard, 2019). After ~ this stage they will have to be euthanized humanely (Animal care & usage Standard, 2019).

This is not a suitable method for euthanizing, execute not carry out this with a formed reptile.

How long it takes because that a mustache dragon to lay Eggs

The female bearded dragon will lay eggs 2-3 main after gift mated. She must lay her eggs within the day.

Once the eggs space laid, she may protectthem on and off because that a few hours. That is the sum complete of she maternal caredone.


How many Eggs carry out Bearded dragons Lay?Large moustache dragons can lay 90 odd eggs in a season.

The variety of eggs every clutch ranges. The Pogona vitticeps in the wild is known to put 7-35 eggs v the least being because that those that live in the an ext arid areas such as the big Desert (Robertson 2014) and also will produce roughly 2-3 clutches in a year.

The Pogona young produces less. Three clutches of egg (from 3 different females) were observed for the wild totally free roaming Pogona minor v each having actually 8 to 10 eggs (Thompson and Thompson, 2003). Others have been found to have 3 come 12 eggs (Pianka, date unknown).

The wild Pogona barbata has actually been tape-recorded laying up to 3 clutches of up to 35 eggs (Amey and Whittier, 2000)


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Bearded dragon laying eggs.

How execute I recognize when my bearded dragon is prepared to lay her eggs (Oviposition)?

You understand your bearded dragon is pregnant and also getting ready to lay her eggs as soon as she:

Spends an ext time basking.Starts to placed on weight rapidly. Maybe 30% an ext within a few weeks.Becomes progressively swollen, lumpy and also bumpy across the abdomen over the following 2-3 weeks before she lays her eggs.Has smaller bowel activities or maybe not move her bowels together much.Probably slows under on, or stops eating. This might be within days come a mainly of laying.Starts moving approximately as if she is trying to find something. She is, she is trying to find a place she considers perfect for laying eggs. She will certainly do several test digging.

If she cannot acquire to a suitable place come lay eggs, she will most likely pace and also look like she wants to escape. Actually, she most likely does desire to escape, she needs the right place to lay she eggs. Gift unable come lay castle will become life threatening within a very short time, days.

Wanting to watch the occasion is understandable, yet she could not view it the way. If she is hissing at you throughout laying, ago off a little. She simply needs a tiny privacy. When she has laid the eggs, she will fill in the feet packing the down with her nose every so frequently until the hole is filled.

Oviposition deserve to take hours. She may not lay every her eggs at once. If the oviposition goes right into days, she will begin to become exhausted. It could indicate being egg bound i m sorry will need veterinary intervention. If the eggs room not laid and also she shows up exhausted or any other indicators of struggle, see the short article on egg tied bearded dragon (dystocia).


The Northampton Reptile Centre captured one of their bearded dragon laying eggs.

Once she has finished, she has probably lost roughly 20-30% of her body weight. She will certainly look fairly skinny, this is normal. Carry out her through water, food and additional calcium to start the recovery. Again, sunshine without anything in between her and also the sunlight is ideal in addition to foods well-off in calcium.

Three mrs bearded dragon (Pogona minor) observed by Thompson and Thompson (2003) in the wild lost between 31.2 to 36.5% of their body load after oviposition. The two biggest started at 72.5 grams and also weighed in in ~ 46 and also 47.4 grams after laying your eggs. The female Pogona minor observed by Painka (date unknown) lost about 19.5% of your body weight after oviposition.

How to treatment for bearded dragons eggs

To care for bearded dragon eggs:

Using a small container huge enough come fit the egg in (about an inch apart), include a mix that 4 components vermiculite come 5 components of water. The mix need to be damp, not wet (dripping). That is better to add an ext water later on than too lot at any kind of one time. Eggs require moisture indigenous the air, not the substrate. The containers should have lids through ventilation holes.Transfer the eggs to a little container half filled with vermiculite, half burying them. Ar each egg indigenous the put box right into the little container in the same orientation you find them. The eggs must not touch the lid or political parties of the container.Monitor the eggs till they hatch. If condensation develops on the lids, there is too lot moisture. Eliminate the lid because that a job to alleviate the moisture content. If the eggs begin collapsing then spray some more water ~ above the substrate, not the eggs.

The maternal treatment bearded dragons administer is minimal to protecting the eggs on the initial laying the them. The eggs should not continue to be with the moustache dragon in captivity, any kind of young the hatch will certainly likely end up as a meal.

Eggs need the best amount of heat, air and water to properly hatch.

How long does it take because that the eggs to hatch?

The temperature the egg are retained at determines exactly how long lock will take to hatch. Incubation takes in between 50 – 70 days in ~ 29°C (84°F) or longer if the temperature is cooler. The eggs will hatch over a couple of days. Indigenous the moment of hatching, the bearded dragon are all set to challenge their world, no parental care is given.

Incubation because that the Pogona vitticeps in the wild takes between 10-12 weeks and also the young will certainly hatch through a snout to vent length of 36-42 mm (Robertson 2014).

In the wild, 3 separate clutches that the free ranging Pogona minor were taped taking 59 to 74 days to hatch at an incubation temperature the 27°C (80.6°F) (Thompson and Thompson, 2003).

Within a day or two prior to hatching, the eggs will begin to deflate and small droplets of water might start to show up on the surface ar of the egg. The eggs might not display the indicators of flower at the very same time as they will likely hatch at different times over a period of days.

Baby moustache dragons deserve to have a fleshy pinkish massive on your belly precisely where you might expect a belly button to be. This is the egg sack, no an injury and will be reabsorbed in ~ a few days.


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Just hatched. Courtesy of ad Ginge-Grazier.
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Bearded dragon egg hatching in vermiculite substrate.

Those incubated at the lower temperature grew quicker than those in the warm group. The distinction in expansion rate and weight really started to show at 10 main of age and also by the time they were 18 main old the chillier group sweet in the mid 60 gram note while the hot team were in the 30 gram mark.

Rapid growth may no be beneficial for lengthy term health.

The team was tested because that foraging behaviour, feeding ~ above crickets. The hot team were no as an excellent at foraging together the cooler group.

It was additionally found that there was some short term distinctions in at an early stage developmental stages yet they would thrive out the the distinctions leaving no noticeable long term effect.

How to treatment for Hatchlings (baby bearded dragons)

Some hatchlings will grow quicker than the others. The different sizes will need to be separated native each various other to defend the smaller sized ones and also give them a little less competition of sources to prosper just together well. That is not abnormal because that hatchlings preserved together to bite turn off toes and what not of your mates.


The hatching dimension will differ for the species. The 3 clutches of complimentary ranging wild Pogona boy (previously stated in this post) flower at a average snout to vent size of 36.1 mm and also just 1.74 grams.

Feed baby bearded dragons small invertebrate such as cockroaches and also crickets. The hatchlings have the right to be quite active chasing prey.

How lengthy does that take because that a infant bearded dragon to prosper to complete size? Baby bearded dragon will flourish to complete size in ~ 2 years. In captivity they will certainly usually prosper quicker as result of conditions.


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Bearded dragon babies (Pogona boy minor)

Reproductive problems for male bearded dragons

Knotek (2017) defines the most typical reproductive trouble for male bearded dragons being:

hemipenile plugs (seminal plug), andprolapsed hemipene.

A hemipenile plug might look to part as an item sticking out of the butt! Plugs sticking out of hemipenis and also swollen vent are several of the indicators you might see as soon as seminal plugs are present. The pointer of the seminal plug that may be visible is hard.

The seminal plugs space a mix that semen and also skin cell which have the right to accumulate from not successful attempts come mate v an unreceptive female or premature birth ejaculation (Raiti, 1995).

The hemipenile plugs (seminal plugs) will cause irritation. It is very feasible there is some bleeding inside the hemipenile wall surfaces as the soft tissue is irritated by the more difficult plugs. Like many reproductive issues, this are connected with the quality of treatment in captivity.


The hemipene are breakable tissue and also attempting to remove the hemipenile plugs can result in prolapse or long-term damage. Shower multiple times end a job may help in loosening the tough edges of little seminal plugs if they space protruding externally, but it is i can not qualify to aid them come the end on their own.

If the hemipene cannot be retracted, call a vet and discuss means to keep the hemipenes moist while waiting treatment.

It is best to indicate a vet when plugs space detected. The vet may be able to dislodge the seminal plugs by massaging the hemipenes through antibiotic cream, however surgical intervention may additionally be required.

If prolapse has occurred then the hemipenes will likely be placed back into the cloaca and also stitches in ar to protect against it coming ago out if recovering (Raiti, 1995). If the hemipene has become necrotic climate it will have to be amputated (Raiti, 1995).

Hemipenile plugs are also known together seminal plugs or sperm plugs.

Male bearded dragon that suddenly becomes aggressive room likely linked with season. See the write-up aggressive mustache dragons.

How have the right to I aid my mustache Dragon Lay she Eggs

Although trying to massage the egg out can be very tempting, the potential because that rupturing egg is very high. This may bring about several consequences: egg yolk peritonitis, and also internal trauma from jagged shell fragments to name a few.

Avoid overfill handling, this condition is very painful. A bearded dragon that is egg tied or has actually follicular stasis may seem comparable but the treatments room different. Seek skilled veterinary advice.

As v many problems in bearded dragons, they have actually likely to be unwell for several days prior to the outward indications of pain or discomfort space evident. Immediate medical therapy is recommend to prevent their problem from spiraling downward.

In the meantime store your bearded dragon warm and hydrated. A stable patient is a much better candidate because that surgery, and also will pardon medications far better than one emaciated, dehydrated dragon.

If her bearded dragon appears egg bound it is time to call your vet. Watch the post on mustache dragon egg binding for much more support.


7 steps if a moustache Dragon Can’t Lay her Eggs

Here room 7 procedures to take it if a mustache dragon can not lay her eggs:

Call her vet and also let them understand you require help.If your vet cannot see you immediately, the is essential to keep managing to a minimum. Provide a nesting box v sand or various other substrate perfect for laying and also keep her in it until your appointment.Do no massage the abdomen in an attempt to relocate the eggs. That is typically ineffective (Knotek et al, 2017) and really dangerous. Ruptured eggs will an outcome in major inflammation and also perhaps death (Melidone, et al., 2008) This is a pains condition, and manipulating the abdomen have the right to cause far-ranging complications.Provide a warmth bath. This can help stimulate contractions and also keep your bearded dragon hydrated. If that works, part eggs may be delivered in the water.Temporarily add more humidity come the atmosphere and carry out a plate or low tray that water the the mustache dragon can walk through as she chooses. Certain the heating and also lighting is proper and add a lay box in near proximity of the heat and lighting If a prolapse has occurred, it is critical to store this tissue moist.Once at the veterinarian’s office, castle will start with a thorough background including diet, and also husbandry. A physics exam might reveal a painful swelling – eggs might or might not be readily palpable. Blood work may be useful, especially in assessing calcium levels. Short calcium, (either a result of hefty demands of body calcium shop to develop shells, or from inadequate husbandry practices) may an outcome in extensive weakness which can inhibit appropriate muscle contractions.X-rays may be helpful to confirm the verity of the egg (i.e. Whether or not shells space calcified, and if shells have actually been broken).In part cases, if eggs room intact, shells room mineralized, and the veterinarian feels that the patient is healthy sufficient to attempt to pass the eggs, medical treatment may be attempted. This often includes two medications: a dose of calcium, as well as a hormone called oxytocin. This will certainly induce contractions come hopefully happen the eggs. That course, this assumes the the oviducts room healthy, that the eggs room within the oviducts (as protest to complimentary floating in the abdomen), and there is no obstruction present.This medication has been shown to last around 72 hours. If eggs space passed, a follow-up appointment must be reserved to repeat the x-ray to confirm all eggs space passed.Often, these space surgical cases, either necessitated by the failure of medical treatment, or by the i can not qualify to recognize follicular stasis vs egg bound. Throughout surgery, the influenced eggs room removed.The reproductive tract may by spared during these surgeries, but the inflammation might inhibit successful breeding in the future. If left “intact” this females may become egg-bound again in the future, particularly if procedures are not required to correct predisposing factors.Many of these instances are facility by bad husbandry. Take the time to discuss proper diet, light, and housing through your veterinarian.Other medical conditions may be at play in this patients – a full health assessment should be performed to assist rule the end other conditions such together metabolic bone disease, kidney issues, and follicular stasis. If considering surgical intervention, speak through your vet about the risks linked with surgical procedure – complications deserve to be severe and are generally out of our control.

Other posts you might be interested in neutering or spaying moustache dragons. About to breed? going to require a lot of names.

See more: Answered: The Vapor Pressure Of Toluene At 25 C 6H6)…, Answered: The Vapor Pressure Of Benzene (C6H6)…

Not certain if your bearded dragon is masculine or female? watch the short article on sexing mustache dragons.


Bearded dragon are exceptionally easy come breed and also can supply multiple productive clutches from a solitary mating within a year.