The main difference between Athens and also Sparta is the Athens was a kind of democracy, conversely, Sparta was a type of oligarchy.

Athens and also Sparta space two influential Greek rival city-states. Though these are not very far far from each other, there are many differences between these 2 states. Athens to be the centre for arts, learning and philosophy when Sparta was a warrior state. Moreover, Athens’ economic situation was mainly based upon trade, whereas Sparta’s economic climate was based on agriculture and conquering. 

Key locations Covered

1. What is Athens – Society, Governance, Athenians2. What is Sparta – Society, Governance, Spartans3. What are the Similarities in between Athens and Sparta – overview of common Features4. What is the Difference between Athens and also Sparta – compare of crucial Differences

Key Terms

Athens, Athenians, Sparta, Spartans


What is Athens

Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states that Greece. The city gained its surname after Athena, the Goddess the warfare and wisdom. The Parthenon, the temple constructed for Athena, sits on peak of a hill in the center of the city. In fact, this is just one of the world’s earliest cities, v a recorded history covering over 3,400 years.

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Figure 1: The Parthenon

Ancient Athens to be the centre for the arts, philosophy, and also learning. Thus, historians often refer that to together the cradle of west civilization. It is likewise the home of Plato’s Academy and also Aristotle’s Lyceum. Historians think about Athens to be the birthplace that democracy. Old Athenians offered a system of administration where everybody (excluding women, slaves and also those no born to Athenian parents) can vote ~ above important worries like whether to take component in battle or not. Also, there existed a lottery device to selected all publicly officials. The city of Athens got to its gold era under the leadership of Pericles (461 come 429 BC). So, this is likewise called the period of Pericles.


Figure 2: Map of ancient Athens

The Agora, which to be a huge open area because that meetings, to be the center of commerce and government in Athens. It to be the place where civilization got with each other to talk about philosophy and also politics. The renowned Acropolis is likewise located in the center of the city that Athens. That was constructed as a fortress where people could retreat to when the city is attacked. Later, numerous temples and buildings were additionally built there. 

What is Sparta?

Sparta is likewise a major city-state in old Greece. The city-state to be actually well-known as Lacedaemon, if the name Sparta itself described the main settlement top top the banks of the Eurotas flow in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. However, today, we use the surname Sparta to refer to the city-state. Sparta to be a warrior society; society was mainly based on loyalty to the state and military power. In fact, Sparta was a leading pressure of the Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars.


Figure 3: old Ruins in Sparta

From a really young age, boys gotten in a rigorous state-sponsored education, armed forces training and also socialization program recognized as the Agoge. They obtained rigorous maintain for countless years until they with the age of 20 to come to be a full-fledged warrior and a citizen of the state. In addition, manual labour in the city was all done by slaves, allowing Spartan men more time to engage in armed forces pursuits. Spartan ladies were not energetic in the military, yet they to be educated and taught sporting activities to make them physically fit. Moreover, Spartan ladies had an ext rights and freedom contrasted to women in various other Greek states.


Figure 4: Spartan administrate System

Sparta reached the height of its strength after defeating Athens in the Peloponnesian war in 404 BC. However, Sparta’s decline began a couple of decades later, after a defeat against the Thebans at the fight of Leuctra.

Similarities between Athens and Sparta

Athens and Sparta room two significant Greek city-states in classic antiquity.Both claims used countless slaves. In fact, it is stated that every state had around a hundreds thousand salves.These two says had powerful military forces.Both states had their own government system that had ensured the welfare of your citizens.Athens and also Sparta possessed stable economies when contrasted to other regions.

Difference in between Athens and also Sparta


Athens is the Greek city-state the is considered to be the cradle of civilization and also the house to democracy. Sparta, ~ above the other hand, to be a influential city-state in greece that increased to become the leading military land-power in the region.

Type that Society

Athens to be a center of arts, learning and philosophy, conversely, Sparta to be a warrior society.


Athens had a form of democracy where every free Athenian masculine over 18 year old was taken into consideration citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government.


While Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, Sparta’s economic climate was based on farming and conquering.

Military Prowess

Moreover, Athens had actually a powerful navy, whereas Sparta had a powerful land-army.


Spartan ladies had an ext status and also freedom 보다 Athenian women. Spartan females were educated and could own and also manage property, unequal Athenian women.

Education and also Training

In Athens, boys obtained a well-rounded education, yet girls were just taught family members chores. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical maintain to remain fit. Spartan boys got a military education and also training for numerous years.


Athens and Sparta room two significant Greek rival city-states. Despite these are not very far away from each other, over there are countless differences between these two states. The key difference in between Athens and Sparta is your government, economy, and society. Athenian society, i beg your pardon was based on trade, valued art and society and to be ruled under a type of democracy. Spartan society, ~ above the various other hand, to be a militant society whose economic situation was based upon farming and also conquering.

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1.“Athens.” DK uncover Out!, obtainable here.2. Mark, Joshua J. “Athens.” Ancient background Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, accessible here.3. “History of ancient Sparta.” LiveScience, Purch, easily accessible here.4. “Sparta.”, A&E television Networks, 12 Nov. 2009, available here.

Image Courtesy:

1. “The Parthenon in Athens” by Steve Swayne – File:O Partenon de Atenas.jpg, originally posted come Flickr as The Parthenon Athens (CC by 2.0) via Commons Wikimedia2. “Map ancient Athens” through Singinglemon – Own work-related (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. “SpartaGreatRhetra” by Publius97 in ~ en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. “Ancient sparta theater” by Κούμαρης Νικόλαος (Attribution) via Commons Wikimedia