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that the 194 countries on Earth, 11 countries start through the letter A. A complete of 11 countries and also three regions in the world begin with the letter A. plenty of countries deserve to trace your names to ancient times, and also for may of them, the precise origin is unknown. Albania has a various name because that those that live in ~ its borders.


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few of the sounds human beings make are universal. Follow to researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, pretty much everyone states ‘huh’? around the globe. This sound point out a question or a minute of confusion throughout borders and also is the an initial “universal word” studied by contemporary linguists.

Apart native mild, questionable grunts, what else do many of ours languages have in common? ‘Ah’s’ and also ‘umm’s’ additionally seem to optimal the list. In light of this, it is somewhat unsurprising to learn there are a full of 11 countries and three regions on earth that start with the letter A. Here is a rapid look at whereby each nation got that is name.

The 11 Countries starting with A:


The territories starting with A:

Afghanistan

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 Kabul, Afghanistan. Image credit: Mushtaq B/Shutterstock
A landlocked country located between Iran, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China, Afghanistan has actually a name the is ancient. Words translates to “Land that the Afghans." it is claimed the Pashtun people who live in the country began calling themselves ‘Afghans’ during the Islamic period which days from around the year 800 to 1258.

The indigenous “Afghan” first appears in written history in the Hudud-al-Alam, a 10th-century geography publication written in Persian, in 982. "Stan" means "land" or "country" in Persian. And also so, we have actually "Afghanistan."

People have lived top top the land the is today called Afghanistan for about 100,000 years, and different settlements have actually been uncovered from the copper Age. It to be ruled by the Achaemenids, Alexander the Great, in ~ least part of that by the Greeks, and the Seleucid empire of Babylonia. Afghanistan passed through countless empires, kingdoms and princedoms, consisting of an invasion by Genghis Khan and also the Mongolians. After undergoing a duration partially ruled by the British, it emerged as an unstable kingdom. In 1973, a army coup toppled the monarchy, creating the Republic that Afghanistan. Today, the nation still struggles to find its footing among civil and political unrest, war, and poverty.


Albania

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Tirana City, Albania. Picture credit: RussieseO/Shutterstock discovered in Southeastern Europe, Albania is famed for its beaches and also beautiful mountains. Lesser well-known is the fact that the nation really has two names. Over there is one the is offered inside Albania, and the other, through outsiders. If you room not indigenous there, girlfriend likely recognize this country by just that label: Albania. People living there call it Shqipà«ri, Shqipni, however.


On a handy front, it is simple to watch why the general public external Albania walk not use the country’s timeless name as it’s challenging to recognize just just how to express it. Linguists say that Shqipà«ri, Shqipni has actually its root in the period of ottoman rule, i m sorry took ar after part Albanian people moved into Italy and Greece. "Shqip" is assumed to it is in the original name of the people’s language. The ethnic Albanian communities in Italy and Greece carry out not usage this name.

The indigenous "Albania" is taken into consideration to be the country’s old classic name. Messages from the 16th v 18th centuries speak to the nation Arbà«nà«. This word is said to come indigenous the Latin indigenous arvum which method "farmland" or "field," and also the Greek indigenous aroura an interpretation "farmland."

The land today recognized (by foreigners) together Albania to be ruled by the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines, and also finally the Ottomans. V the fall of the footrest Empire, the land it lived in was separated by ambassadors native the great powers of the time such as great Britain, Germany, and Russia, but in doing for this reason did no pay enough attention to the ethnic and demographic realities the the area, paving the method for future instability in the region with the rise and fall the the Yugoslavian state. Following world War II, Albania to be a communist country until 1992, and it is quiet undergoing autonomous reform to this day.


Algeria

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Algiers, Algeria. Photo credit: Oguz Dikbakan/Shutterstock on the northern edge that Africa facing Spain across the sea, Algeria is a country with an Arabic name. Words is literally "al-Jazair" and way "the islands," referring to 4 islands that provided to be off the country’s coast however have been part of the mainland because 1525. Africa’s largest country, Algeria is well-off in oil and also was conquered by the French throughout the 19th century, after having been partially ruled by the Ottomans.


The French called their swarm after Algiers, the city they decided as that capital, ~ they invaded in 1830. Algeria was France"s longest-held overseas territory, and vital possession in your empire. Gradual dissatisfaction amongst the Algerians as result of their absence of political and also economic strength grew, leading to increased autonomy granted through France as they operated to quell polite unrest. Finally, Algeria gained its self-reliance in 1962, and maintains close cultural and financial ties with the French.

American Samoa

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Pago Pago, American Samoa. Photo credit: Peto Laszlo/Shutterstock
You could not listen much around this landmass, however it go exist. American Samoa is one unincorporated US are in the southern Pacific. The covers 7 South Pacific islands and atolls, and also its funding is Pago Pago situated on the island that Tutuila. Originally cleared up by Polynesians roughly 1000 BCE, that was an initial sighted by the europeans in 1722, v contact start when beachcombers and missionaries visited.

In 1878, the United states signed a contract in bespeak to develop a navy harbour ~ above the islands, climate in 1899 they were divided in between the US and also Germany prior to the us took manage of the entirety area in 1900. It remained a strategic local for a us naval base, and also under the country"s control, though the human being of American Samoa combated for the capacity to control their very own affairs. In 1977 they chosen their own very first governor, in 1981 their an initial nonvoting delegate because that the home of Representatives, and finally their very first congressman in 1988.

The native Samoa is claimed to mean "people of the sea" but American Samoans carry out not have a consensus on this. Linguists who have actually attempted to map the origin have actually been met with multiple explanations because that the an interpretation of the word, however none have proven conclusive.


Andorra

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Andorra La Vella, Andorra. Photo credit: young name Silva Cosentino/Shutterstock If you are looking for tiny countries with several skiing, this is her spot. Andorra is a minuscule live independence principality located between Spain and France in the Pyrenees hill range. There is some controversy surrounding the origins of the country’s name. Some say "Andorra" comes from the Basque word Andurrial definition "shrub-covered land," but others feeling the name originates from the Spanish native Andar which method "to walk." These room two the multiple feasible explanations coming from Basque, Arabic, or Spanish.


Andorra has solid ties to Catalonia, the an ar in northern Spain, and the key language spoken in this small state is Catalan along with Spanish and also French. Following control of the roman inn empire and then the Visigoths, that escaped the preeminence of the Arabs together it was protected by the Franks to the north. In the year 988, the floor was offered to the Diocese of Urgell through the counting of Barcelona in exchange because that land elsewhere. Since then, the Bishop of Urgell has actually remained the co-prince the Andorra in addition to the Crown the France, and later the President.

Angola

Luanda, Angole. Image credit: Fabian Plock/Shutterstock
located close come the southern tip of Africa, Angola borders Namibia, Zambia, the autonomous Republic the the Congo (DRC), and also the Atlantic Ocean. "Angola" originates from the indigenous Ngola, which describes an iron thing representing kingship in the Lunda and Mbundu people.

It was originally the roaming lands for noadic tribes choose the Khoi and also the San, till the Bantu migration starting around 1000 BCE. Various kingdoms and city-states to be established and also occupied the soil on Angola until the arrival of the Portuguese. The country was colonized by Portugal for around 400 years start in the 1500s, up to its self-reliance in 1975. Together a result, the is a Portuguese-speaking country, although another 46 unofficial language are talked within that is borders, mostly Bantu languages.

Anguilla

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Shoal bay Beach, Anguilla. Image credit: BeyondEnvision/Shutterstock
Anguilla is a British abroad Territory situated in the east Caribbean. Full of sunny beaches and also blue skies, the region gets its surname from the Italian or French word for "eel" in referral to the country’s long, skinny geographical shape. Well-known for an important salt industry prior to its fallen in the 1980s, Anguilla is a tropical paradise inhabited largely by human being of african descent.

It was not constantly this way, however. The nation was an initial inhabited by Arawakan-speaking people from the Orinoco River basin of south America roughly 2000 BCE, who dubbed the nation Malliouhana. Later, in 1650, British inhabitants from Saint Kitts came and also colonized the land, with great challenge as they to be often assaulted by indigenous people and also other colonizers. The British join the colony along with Saint Kitts and also later v Nevis, i beg your pardon the Anguillan civilization protested. Adhering to drought, widespread poverty and labour disturbances, the brother quickly began a procedure of democratization top top Anguilla and other surrounding colonies in the 1930s. Anguilla was part of an connected state v Saint Kitts and also Nevis set up through the brothers in 1967, yet Anguillans flat out refused, advertising themselves independent. This carried the return of brother rule, and today that is a politically stable British Territory.


Antigua and Barbuda

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St. John"s, Antigua. Image credit: Sean Pavone/Shutterstock situated in the Caribbean, this nation is one independent republic country with a surname that describes its two main islands. Antigua and also Barbuda is situated where the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean s meet and is a well-known tourist destination with beaches, reefs, and also rainforests in abundance.


Antigua is said to be called by Christopher Columbus in 1493 after ~ the Church the Santa Maria de la Antigua uncovered in Sevilla, Spain. Barbuda was dubbed "Wa’omoni" by its original indigenous settlers, which is thought to typical "Island that Herons." the was most likely Portuguese cartographer Diego Ribero who named the area "Barbuda" in the 1500s, possibly referring come the nation’s wild fig-trees, whose aerial roots make them look favor they have actually beards.

Like other islands in the Caribbean, the British and French both attempted come colonize, v great challenge at first, with the British being successful by the finish of the 17th century. The became component of the Leeward islands colony, a team of islands under brothers rule, until that colony"s dissolution. Antigua gotten in into connected statehood v the united Kingdom, with Barbuda as a dependency of Antigua. An independence movement overtook the archipelago in the 1970s, and also finally in 1981 they accomplished independence.

Argentina

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Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires. Picture credit: Studio New-Art/Shutterstock


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residence to Buenos Aires, the "Paris of south America," Argentina’s name describes the Latin word because that silver, Argentum. Shipwrecked Spanish conquerors were provided silver gift by aboriginal peoples in what to be to become Argentina in the 1500s. Both the Portuguese and Spanish found the country was rife through silver, and also the surname stuck.

The soil was lived in by various native peoples prior to the arrival of the Europeans, such together the Incas in the Northwest highlands. It was a Spanish colony starting in 1580, and because of the migrate of Spaniards and Italians, the population today mostly has European genealogy with a smaller portion with aboriginal heritage. The independence movement in Argentina began in the 1800s, and they claimed their self-reliance in 1816. That took countless years to loss Spanish royalists in the northern component of the country who refuse the self-reliance of Argentina. Today, Argentina has come out of political and economic turmoil from the 20th century and the start of the 21st.

Armenia

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Mount Ararat, Yerevan, Armenia. Picture credit: GaroManjikian/Shutterstock
as a landlocked nation in Eurasia with a deep history, Armenia is a previous republic of the Soviet Union and now considered to be component of Europe, although the sits ideal on the border in between Europe and also Asia and also so is sometimes taken into consideration transcontinental. Interestingly, Armenians perform not speak to their country Armenia but rather Hyastan, and themselves Hayq (plural. Singular, "Hay"). This words hearken ago to a people hero named Hayk, who legend says was a great-great-grandson of Noah, indigenous the Bible’s Old Testament. According to Armenian legend, the is the forefather the the Armenian people.

The surname Armenia was offered to the floor by the bordering states, possibly since of a tribe who resided in the lands, the Armens. However, other theories exist as to the beginning of the name Armenia.

Armenia was ruled by the Persians and also later through Alexander the Great"s Macedonians, the Seleucids, the Romans, the Persians and the Byzantines, yet even so, the Armenians were known throughout those times together a fiercely autonomous and also individualistic people. Their culture and language were heavily influenced through the Franks, and also later they dropped under ottoman rule. During this period, the Turkic Ottomans cursed a genocide that the Armenians, and the death count of ethnic Armenians during this time is approximated anywhere in between 600,000 and 1,500,000. Lock became component of the Soviet Union in 1918. After ~ a long period of struggle, the Armenians declared independence in 1991.

Aruba

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Oranjestad, Aruba. Photo credit: Mihai_Andritoiu/Shutterstock located in the Caribbean Sea, the origins of Aruba’s name space debated. Part say the name comes from Spanish. "Oro huba" have the right to mean "there to be gold." Unfortunately, this was no true in Aruba, together it is there is no gold and the Spaniards did not regard Aruba as having any type of value. The surname could additionally come from 2 Carib aboriginal words. Ora means "shell’ and Oubao means "island."

The island was first inhabited by the Arawaks, one Indigenous population before it was asserted by the Spanish in 1499. It was a hub because that piracy and also illegal trade. It became part of the dutch West India firm in 1636. Small economic breakthrough took place until an oil refinery was built in 1920, which substantially improved living requirements on the island as the populace saw profit. It was under the management of the island the Curaçao for lot of its background as a dutch colony, and also in 1986 it became an autonomous state following protest native its populace over the regulate of Curaçao, and not the Netherlands itself. While it was initially on a path towards independence, the goal has actually been postponed indefinitely.

Australia

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Sydney Harbour, Australia. Photo credit: Taras Vyshnya/Shutterstock well-known as the "Land under Under," Australia lies in the southerly hemisphere and is the largest country in Oceania. Its surname is said to come indigenous the Latin native Australis which means "Southern." Australia was called by the English explorer Matthew Flinders in the early 1800s.

Australia is a repertoire of former British colonies and also is today component of the Commonwealth. Interestingly, it had actually been formerly named new Holland through the Dutch. Before coming to be a colony, indigenous peoples occupied the land because that centuries. Britain first came into call with the soil when explorer James chef arrived in 1770, and it came to be an official colony in 1788. Together a prison colony, it to be largely lived in by convicts as an different to funding punishment. In 1900, the six colonies of Australia came to be an elevation nation, however as part of the Commonwealth, they preserve a attach with the united Kingdom.

Austria

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Salzburg, Austria. Image credit: Feel great studio/Shutterstock Landlocked in Europe, Austria is a tiny country whose name refers to the truth that the sits eastern of Germany. The name is pertained to the ancient high German native Ostarrichi, which means "Eastern realm," and it was supplied as early as the year 996 to recommendation the region that bordered Bavaria.

Around the year 700, the land was settled by the Bavarians and also the Slavs, and there is proof of Frankish affect at the time. A family referred to as the Habsburgs ruled the area the Austria from your capital, Vienna, beginning in 1526. They also ruled Bohemia, today part of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, and also Slavonia, now component of Croatia. Just like many other empires throughout history, it ended up being unsustainable because that the Habsburgs and also conflicts with other monarchies, the commercial revolution, mobilization by the population to become more involved with national politics all proved strenuous. The people began a revolution in 1848, and also Austria became a short-lived double monarchy through Hungary prior to that crumbled together well. Austria became a republic in 1918.

Azerbaijan

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Baku, Azerbaijan. Image credit: Milosz Maslanka/Shutterstock surrounded by the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains, the origins of Azerbaijan’s surname is disputed. Numerous think the nation was called after one Iranian governor named Atropatene, who ruled over a region now situated in modern-day Iranian Azarbaijan. The word Atropates comes from Old Persian and method "protected by fire."

Early inhabitants of this area were Iranian speakers, Turkic tribes, and also Kurds and the Arabs and also Persians greatly influenced the area. ~ wars in between Russia and also Iran, the Azerbaijani had their soil divided between the two states as they sat in between the border. Russian Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union once it formed, and it remained under Soviet control until that is dissolution.