Ganges River container

The Ganges (Ganga) flow is a sacred body the water to Hindus that begins high in the Himalaya Mountains and also empties out into the bay of Bengal. The bordering river basin has a population of an ext than four hundred million people.

You are watching: Describe the geography of the indus and ganges river valleys


Subjects

Anthropology, Biology, Health, Conservation, earth Science, Geology, Geography, human being Geography, physical Geography, social Studies


Image

Ganges flow Delta

The Ganges (Ganga) River and also its surrounding watershed supports one of the many fertile and densely inhabited regions top top the planet, and also its intricate web of waterways available a stunning watch to the crew the the space Shuttle Columbia ~ above mission STS-87. 

Photograph through NASA


*

The Ganges (Ganga) flow runs through north India and is spiritual to those who follow Hinduism. Much more than 4 hundred million people in India live in the area that feeds the river, known as the Ganges river Basin. A river basin is a an ar that is drained by a river, such as the Ganges, and also any of its tributaries. This means that surface water and also rainwater in the container area flow into the nearby rivers.

The Ganges flow originates in the Himalaya mountains at Gomukh, the terminus that the Gongotri Glacier. As soon as the ice cream of this glacier melts, it creates the clean waters of the Bhagirathi River. As the Bhagirathi flow flows under the Himalayas, it join the Alaknanda River, officially forming the Ganges River. The Ganges River container is sometimes considered component of a bigger river container consisting the the nearby Brahmaputra and also Meghna rivers. Well-known as the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) flow Basin, it is just one of the biggest river equipment in the world.

The melting water from the Himalayas, as well as water from tributaries and rainfall, every feed the spiritual river. The Ganges flows south and east from the Himalayas, creating a canyon together it leaves the mountain. It winds its way through north India, ultimately emptying into the bay of Bengal. The Ganges’ countless tributaries originate native the adjacent countries the Nepal, Bangladesh, and China (in one autonomous an ar called Tibet).

The Ganges flow carries nutrient well-off sediment together it flows, depositing fertile soil along its shores. This has enabled civilizations to develop and thrive follow me the waterway for centuries. Today, the river flows with well-populated areas of India, offering freshwater to the millions of civilization living in these regions. The flow is additionally used because that fishing, irrigation, and bathing, and it is worshiped in the Hindu religious beliefs as the mommy Ganga. As the river empties into the bay of Bengal, the mouth creates the Ganges river Delta, the biggest river delta in the world.

See more: How To Say Good Evening In Polish And 16 More Useful Words, How To Say Good Evening In Polish: Dobry Wieczór

The Ganges river is a an essential resource come Asia, however it faces many threats. Human and industrial pollutants fill the river in some areas, making it unsafe also for swimming. As the populace in regions surrounding the flow swells, water requirements for agriculture increases, straining water levels. Adding further stress to the situation, scientists have concluded the climate readjust has resulted in a decrease in glacial ice cream in the Himalayas, the resource of the Ganges, and also theorize this will an outcome in further decreased water levels in the flow over time.