“Friar,” “monk,” “priest.” this are rather flexible terms, yet not exactly so. Popularly, they room all construed to point at a life that sacrifice and poverty. But while all variation the priesthoods may be equivalent, your vocations are not alike, except in the they are meant come live their resides in service. A priest may be monastic, or religious, or “secular” (also referred to as “diocesan”), but they space all clergy.

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A priest in the Catholic Church is a male who has received the sacrament of holy Orders and also has because of this undertaken the duties of celebrating the Sacrifice the the Mass, listening confession, providing absolution and other sacraments “in persona Christi and also to perform other duties the pastoral to adjust and, sometimes, administration.

A priest might be linked to a diocese or come a spiritual order, or to a monastic house (an abbey or priory/convent). All priests, whether diocesan or religious, attend to celibacy and also obedience to your superiors:

A diocesan priest promises solemn obedience to his bishop.A spiritual priest (like a Dominican or Franciscan) vows obedience come his superior, usually dubbed a “provincial.”A monastic priest vows obedience come his abbot (if life in an abbey) or front (in a priory).

Diocesan priests carry out not take vow (or promises) come poverty and also may possess and also inherit property.

Read more:This cow explains Catholic spiritual orders and also congregations much better than many textbooks

Priests vowed come a spiritual order (like the Franciscans, Dominicans, etc) or a monastic neighborhood (like the Benedictines or Cistercians) do make vows the poverty, surrendering any income lock generate through their works to your superiors. For this reason a Dominican writer earning revenues from his books will rotate those aristocracy checks end to the stimulate of Preachers. A Trappist writer will revolve his income over to his kidnapping or prior, because that the advantage of the totality community.

The native “friar” is indigenous fraire (from the Middle periods — the fraire Provençal), which way “brother.” The word emerged with the development of the mendicant (traveling/preaching) assignment in the late middle Ages, most predominantly by Saint Francis (Franciscans) the Assisi and also Saint Dominic (Order that Preachers, or “Dominicans”). These “new religious” to be no longer tied to monasteries and also convents however went out among the people, come preach and also to pray, come educate and also to serve the sick.

A priest that is part of a mendicant religious order is also a friar; a priest who is part of a conventual/monastic ar (contemplative/stationary) is likewise a monk. But monks and also friars require not be priests. part monks and friars discern their vocations as religious, contents to merely be brothers within your order or community; they perform not seek the priesthood.

The native “monk” originates from the Latin monachus, a word because that hermits, rooted in a meaning of “solitude.” that is concerned the development of the first experiences of contemplative men and women, such as the Desert Fathers and also Mothers. Saint Benedict the Nursia (480-547) is thought about the founder of western Monasticism.

Finally, the is feasible for a monk to be neither “secular”, no one “friar”, nor “monk” but still it is in a religious. A Jesuit monk (Society that Jesus), or a Pauline priest (Society that Saint Paul), or a Salesian priest (Society that St. Francis de Sales, aka Salesians the Don Bosco) is totally a priest and will make the very same vows of poverty, chastity and obedience come their religious superiors, just like friars and monks, yet they are simply priests the their respective communities.

Make sure to check the slideshow below for a fast guide to recognizing the behavior used by part monastic and spiritual orders. 

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Read more:Why do particular monks and also nuns live “behind bars”?

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