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ionic bond, additionally called electrovalent bond, form of linkage created from the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ion in a chemistry compound. Such a bond creates when the valence (outermost) electron of one atom room transferred permanently to one more atom. The atom that loses the electrons becomes a positively charged ion (cation), when the one that gains them i do not care a negatively charged ion (anion). A brief treatment that ionic bond follows. For complete treatment, see chemical bonding: The development of ionic bonds.

Ionic bonding outcomes in compounds well-known as ionic, or electrovalent, compounds, which are best exemplified by the link formed between nonmetals and also the alkali and also alkaline-earth metals. In ionic crystalline solids the this kind, the electrostatic pressures of attraction between opposite charges and also repulsion between similar charges orient the ions in such a manner the every confident ion becomes surrounding by an unfavorable ions and vice versa. In short, the ions are so arranged the the optimistic and an unfavorable charges alternate and balance one another, the in its entirety charge of the entire substance gift zero. The magnitude of the electrostatic forces in ionic crystals is considerable. Accordingly, this substances have tendency to it is in hard and nonvolatile.



Sodium chloride exhibits ionic bonding. The salt atom has a solitary electron in that outermost shell, while chlorine needs...

An ionic bond is in reality the extreme case of a polar covalent bond, the latter resulting indigenous unequal sharing of electrons quite than complete electron transfer. Ionic bond typically type when the distinction in the electronegativities the the two atoms is great, while covalent bonds kind when the electronegativities are similar. Compare covalent bond.

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