Zirconium

element 40 of regular table is Zirconium v atomic number 40, atomic load 91.224. Zirconium, price Zr, has a basic Hexagonal structure and also Silver color. Zirconium is a shift metal element. Recognize everything about Zirconium Facts, physics Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Zirconium is a chemical facet with price Zr and also atomic number 40. The surname of zirconium is taken indigenous the name of the mineral zircon, the many important source of zirconium. Words zircon comes from the Persian indigenous zargun زرگون, meaning "gold-colored".

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Zirconium Facts

Read crucial information and facts about element Zirconium

name Zirconium
atomic Number 40
atom Symbol Zr
Atomic load 91.224
phase Solid
color Silver
Classification transition metal
team in routine Table 4
Group Name titanium family
period in periodic Table 5
Block in regular Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 4d2 5s2
Melting point 1855 °C
Boiling allude 4409 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 18, 10, 2>
CAS Number CAS7440-67-7

neighborhood
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
72
Hf
73
Ta
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to situate Zirconium on regular Table

Periodic table is arranged by atomic number, variety of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as number of electrons. The atom number increases from left come right. Regular table start at optimal left ( atom number 1) and ends in ~ bottom best (atomic number 118). As such you can directly look because that atomic number 40 to find Zirconium on periodic table.

Another means to read periodic table and also locate an facet is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To locate Zirconium on regular table look because that cross section of team 4 and duration 5 in the modern-day periodic table.

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Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Zirconium with various other elements

Zirconium History

The element Zirconium was discovered by young name Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany . Zirconium obtained its name from Persian Zargun, "gold-colored"; German Zirkoon, "jargoon"

Zirconium Presence: diversity in Nature and also Around Us

The table listed below shows the variety of Zirconium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in cosmos 5×10-6%
variety in sun 4×10-6%
abundance in Meteorites 6.6e-06
Abundance in Earth"s late 0.00013
abundance in seas 2.6×10-9%
abundance in human beings 5×10-6%

Crystal framework of Zirconium

The hard state framework of Zirconium is Simple Hexagonal.

The decision structure have the right to be defined in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in three dimensional an are to kind the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which room the lengths the the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
323.2 323.2 514.7 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 2 π/3

The location of the atoms inside the unit cell are described by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a referral lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the decision are defined by the ide of an are groups. All possible symmetric kinds of corpuscle in three-dimensional space are defined by the 230 space groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

an are Group name P63/mmc
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room Group Number 194
Crystal structure Simple Hexagonal

Zirconium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Zirconium atoms have actually 40 electrons and also the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 10, 2> through Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F2.


atomic Number 40
Number of electrons (with no charge) 40
Number the Protons 40
Mass Number 91
Number that Neutrons 51
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 10, 2>
Electron configuration 4d2 5s2
Valence Electrons 4d2 5s2
Oxidation State -2 1;2;3;4
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3F2

Shell framework of Zirconium - electrons per power level


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Ground State digital Configuration the Zirconium - neutral Zirconium atom

The ground state electronic configuration the Neutral Zirconium atom is 4d2 5s2. The portion of Zirconium configuration the is equivalent to the noble gas the the preceding period, is abbreviated together . For atoms with many electrons, this notation can become lengthy and therefore an abbreviated notation is used.This is essential as that is the Valence electron 4d2 5s2, electrons in the outermost covering that determine the chemical properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Zirconium

Complete ground state digital configuration because that the Zirconium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d2 5s2

Atomic framework of Zirconium

Zirconium atomic radius is 206 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 148 pm.

atomic Radius

206 pm (2.06 Å)

Atomic Volume 14.0107510367 cm3
Covalent Radius 148 afternoon (1.48 Å)
van der Waals Radius N/A
ghost Cross ar 0.184 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Zirconium

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Zirconium chemical Properties: Zirconium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Zirconium is 41.1 kJ/mol

Valence 4
Electronegativity 1.33
ElectronAffinity 41.1 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Zirconium

Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies that Zirconium

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 640.1
2 1270
3 2218
4 3313
5 7752
6 9.5×103

Zirconium physical Properties

Refer to listed below table for Zirconium physics Properties

density 6.511 g/cm3
Molar Volume 14.0107510367 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 68 GPa
Shear Modulus 33 GPa
bulk Modulus N/A
Poisson proportion 0.34

Hardness of Zirconium - exam to measure up of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness 5 MPa
Vickers Hardness 903 MPa
Brinell Hardness 650 MPa

Zirconium electric Properties

Zirconium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electric properties of Zirconium

electric Conductivity 2.4×106 S/m
Resistivity 4.2×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting suggest 0.61

Zirconium Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 23 W/(m K)
Thermal expansion 5.7×10-6 K-1

Zirconium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Paramagnetic
Curie allude N/A
fixed Magnetic Susceptibility 1.68×10-8
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 1.53×10-9
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 0.000109

Optical nature of Zirconium

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic properties of Zirconium

speed of Sound 3.8×103 m/s

Zirconium heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer to table below for thermal properties that Zirconium

Melting suggest 2128 K (1855 °C)
Boiling allude 4682 K (4409 °C)
vital Temperature N/A
Superconducting allude 0.61

Enthalpies the Zirconium

warm of combination 21 kJ/mol
heat of Vaporization 580 kJ/mol
heat of burning N/A

Zirconium isotopes - atom Properties of Zirconium

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally emerging Zirconium has 4 secure isotope - 90Zr, 91Zr, 92Zr, 94Zr.


Isotope Isotope mass % abundance T half Decay mode
78Zr
79Zr
80Zr
81Zr
82Zr
83Zr
84Zr
85Zr
86Zr
87Zr
88Zr
89Zr
90Zr 51.45% secure N/A
91Zr 11.22% stable N/A
92Zr 17.15% steady N/A
93Zr
94Zr 17.38% steady N/A
95Zr
96Zr 2.8%
97Zr
98Zr
99Zr
100Zr
101Zr
102Zr
103Zr
104Zr
105Zr
106Zr
107Zr
108Zr
109Zr
110Zr

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-67-7
RTECS Number N/A
period Hazard class 4.2
period Numbers 2008
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA health and wellness Rating 1
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinctive identifiers to find the aspect in various chemical it is registered databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts company (CAS) CAS7440-67-7
CID Number CID23995
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number N/A

Compare Zirconium through all Group 4 elements

Zirconium vs Titanium Zirconium vs Hafnium Zirconium vs Rutherfordium

Compare Zirconium with all transition metal elements

Zirconium vs Scandium Zirconium vs Titanium Zirconium vs Vanadium Zirconium vs Chromium Zirconium vs Manganese Zirconium vs steel Zirconium vs Cobalt Zirconium vs Nickel Zirconium vs Copper Zirconium vs Zinc Zirconium vs Yttrium Zirconium vs Niobium Zirconium vs Molybdenum Zirconium vs Technetium Zirconium vs Ruthenium Zirconium vs Rhodium Zirconium vs Palladium Zirconium vs silver- Zirconium vs Cadmium Zirconium vs Hafnium Zirconium vs Tantalum Zirconium vs Tungsten Zirconium vs Rhenium Zirconium vs Osmium Zirconium vs Iridium Zirconium vs Platinum Zirconium vs gold Zirconium vs Mercury Zirconium vs Rutherfordium Zirconium vs Dubnium Zirconium vs Seaborgium Zirconium vs Bohrium Zirconium vs Hassium Zirconium vs Meitnerium Zirconium vs Darmstadtium Zirconium vs Roentgenium Zirconium vs Copernicium