The native servant occurs multiple time in the Bible. It have the right to be found in both the Old Testament and also the new. Yet what did the word really mean? That’s why I want to study what the word servant way in Hebrew and also Greek.
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All bibles are taken from NKJV uneven otherwise marked.
What Does the word ‘Servant’ typical In Hebrew?
na’ar- servant; youth; lad; a young man.
This word occurs 235 times in the Old Testament. The basic an interpretation is youth. However, there’s a derived an interpretation of na’ar which way servant.
“Now it happened one day the Jonathan the son of Saul claimed to the young man that bore his armor, “Come, let us go end to the Philistines’ garrison the is top top the various other side.” but he did no tell his father.”
– 1 Samuel 14:1
Kings and also officials had servants that were referred to na’ar. Yet, in this context, the word means an attendant, together as offered in Ester 2:2.
When a na’ar is payment to carry messages, the is well-known as the messenger. Therefore, na’ar doesn’t typical slave or someone that performs low duties.
abad- come serve; cultivate; enslave; work.
This native is provided in Genesis 2:5 once God tells Abraham the his descendants will certainly serve because that 400 years:
“Then He said to Abram: “Know certainly that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and also will serve them, and they will torment them 4 hundred years.”
A servant in this sense deserve to be bought through money or hired. Also, God provided this native to contact the Messiah His servant.
“Behold! My Servant whom i uphold,My selected One in whom My soul delights!I have actually put My heart upon Him;He will lug forth justice to the Gentiles.He will not cry out, nor raise His voice,Nor reason His voice to be heard in the street.A bruised reed He will not break,And cigarette smoking flax He will not quench;He will carry forth justice for truth.He will not fail nor be discouraged,Till the has established justice in the earth;And the coastlands shall wait because that His law.“
– Isaiah 42:1-4
The servant was no a free man. The was topic to the command and will the his master. This is a fitting summary of man’s relationship with God.
sakiyr- male at wages, a rental servant.
sharath- come attend.
As a noun, this word method to serve or minister. It’s often used come speak of company rendered in link with Israel’s praise to God. Moses was to anoint Aaron and also his sons the they may minister together priests.
“Yet castle shall it is in ministers in mine sanctuary, as gatekeepers the the house and also ministers the the house; they chandelier slay the burned offering and the sacrifice because that the people, and they shall stand prior to them to minister come them.”
– Ezekiel 44:11
Also, words is offered to speak of company rendered come a other human being. Return the human being who is served is commonly of a higher station or location in life, this indigenous is never used to describe a slave’s servitude to his master.
As a particle, sharath method a servant or minister. This hatchet is offered to describe Moses in Joshua 1:1.
However, the privilege of serving God is not only for humans due to the fact that his angels likewise serve Him. In Psalms 104:3-4, it says fire and also wind are God’s ministers together well.
Related: What Does the word ‘Guilty’ mean In Hebrew and Greek?
What Does words ‘Servant’ average In Greek?
diakonia- attendance, aid, service.
diakonos- attendant, deacon.
Diakonos focuses on the servant’s task and work and also not their relationship to a person.
Doulos, unlike diakonos, focuses on the relationship and not the service. This human was who who was in a permanent relationship of servitude to another. It have the right to be analyzed into slave which is the shortest term in the range of servitude.
However, this word concerned mean ‘one who gives himself approximately the will of another.’
“But God be thanked the though you were servants of sin, however you obeyed native the heart that type of doctrine to which you to be delivered.”
– Romans 6:17
In Romans 1:1, Paul calls self a bondslave that Jesus Christ. This shows that that had formerly been a bondslave of Satan and also was bought by Christ. He was currently serving Christ as a ready slave.
douloo- come enslave.
“While castle promise castle liberty, they themselves are slaves of corruption; for by who a person is overcome, by him likewise he is brought into bondage.”
– 2 Peter 2:19
As with a purchased slave, there to be no boundaries in the kind or the time of services. This is exactly how the life that the believer is come be live in- with continuous obedience come God.
therapon- menial attendance.
“And Moses indeed was faithful in every His house as a servant, for a testimony that those things which would certainly be spoken afterward, but Christ as a boy over His own house, whose home we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing the the expect firm to the end.“
– Hebrews 3:5-6
oiketes- menial residential servant.
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This ax is offered to define someone who is component of the household and can even be viewed as family, although lock weren’t born in the home. It’s analyzed into:household servant (Acts 10:7)servant (Luke 16:13; Romans 14:3; Philemon 1:25; 1 Peter 2:8)
In conclusion, the word servant didn’t always mean a slave. An ext often than not, this indigenous was supplied to speak the someone that was a rental worker or attendant.
That’s what the word servant way in Hebrew and Greek. I pray you found this post helpful. If so, please share this content. Also, feel cost-free to share any thoughts in the comment below. As always, thanks for reading!