You are watching: How does nationalism contribute to world war 1
The term "nation" describes a team of civilization who share the very same language, background and traditions. In politics, a country is comparable to an ethnic group. Countries are sometimes equated with countries or states, but nations might not have political control. Countries may have actually multiple nations within their borders. Nationalism arises when a country seeks to exert influence and also dominance over an additional group. This might include an attempt to expand its boundaries into another country or country. In world War I, conference fervor led to a cultivation competition among Europe"s leading strength to assert your dominance. Nationalism is intertwined closely with patriotism, i m sorry is the love that one"s country. The leading European powers, sustained by your citizens, formed strategic military blocs and also eventually engaged in warfare.
The climb of Nationalism The seed of nationalism were sown prior to the war. In the 19th century, there were many little European nations under the regulate of one leading nation. Nationalism triggered the expansion of numerous European countries" boundaries to include like teams in neighboring countries. The Austro-Hungarian empire, because that instance, included what us now know as 13 various nations, 16 languages and five faiths in the heyday. Nationalist tendencies were likewise strengthened throughout the Enlightenment, which introduced the principle of typical power to Europe. Enlightenment philosophers urged freedom and democracy and also gave power to civilization who were previously subjected to aristocratic rule. Instead of identifying v their kings and also other leaders, citizen formed strong identities v others in their nation. This new unity transcended political boundaries and also tested the boundaries of existing country lines.
Nationalism"s result on civilization War I political unrest in the Balkans, largely sustained by nationalism, flourished for years prior to World war I damaged out. Eventually, it caused the outbreak that the war after Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir come the Austro-Hungarian empire, was assassinated through a Serbian nationalist. The empire"s leader blamed the assault on the Serbian government, citing nationalism as the motive because that the shooting. Civilization leaders conveniently mobilized. Germany backed the Austro-Hungarian empire, while Russia allied itself through France and Britain ~ Austria-Hungary declared war ~ above Serbia.
Militarism, one more factor in human being War I, is carefully linked through nationalism. Militarism describes a nation"s volume to develop a stand army and fortify that with advanced weaponry. The goal of militarism is to construct a strong and an effective army that deserve to be deployed quickly when necessary. In the year leading increase to people War I, europe nations, sparked through the industrial Revolution, had competed versus each various other to build the strongest armies and economies. When war broke out, many countries were equipped to safeguard themselves. Militarism an unified with patriotism in people War I as citizens supported their countries" function in combat. Ultimately, world War I ended with the reorganization of the europe continent as many of the old empires fell, consisting of Turkey, Austria-Hungary and Russia.
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