Use this calculator come estimate just how much sand in volume (cubic ft, cubic yards, or cubic meters) or weight (tons & pounds, tonnes and also kilograms) you would certainly need. It uses conventional sand density.

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Calculating just how much sand you need

Many builders and also gardeners are challenged with calculating or estimating the amount of sand they must fill a given an are with sand. Ours sand calculator is of an excellent utility in together cases, yet you have to keep in mind that the outcomes will just be as great as the measurements entered. The calculation procedure is as follows:

Estimate the volume the sand needed, using geometrical formulas and plans or measurements.The approximate density of sand is 1600 kg/m3 (100 lb/ft3).Multiply the volume by the thickness (in the same units) to get the weight

There is finer and an ext coarse sand, so the density, measured because that dry sand in kg per cubic meter or pounds per cubic feet, of your details shipment might vary. For this reason, and due come potential loser / waste, friend should consider buying 5-6% an ext sand 보다 estimated so you don"t run just short of what you need in the end.

Square or rectangular area

The volume formula because that a rectangular (or square) crate in cubic feet is height(ft) x width(ft) x length(ft), as checked out in the number below:


For example, to fill a box with a broad of 3ft and a length of 6ft, to a depth the 1ft, you should multiply 1ft x 3ft x 6ft = 18ft3 (cubic feet) that sand.

Round area

If the area you desire to cover, or the shape you want to fill is round, the calculation is a little bit different:


The volume of a number with a round structure is its elevation times the area the its foundation. To calculate the structure area we require its diameter, due to the fact that the formula is π x r2, whereby r is the radius, or diameter/2.

Irregularly shame area

In case the area you space calculating has actually an irregular shape what you want to execute is division it in several regularly-shaped sections, calculate your volume and sand requirements and also then amount them increase together. In instance you end up needing to execute this because that a huge number that sections, you could use our summation calculator.

Sand basics

Sand is a naturally occurring granular product which is composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles, rounded and also polished come a differing extent. Sand have the right to be thought of as finer gravel, or coarser silt. In part cases, "sand" refers to a textural course of soil, the is - a floor which has more than 85% that its mass comprised of sand-sized particles. Sand is a renewable source in the lengthy run, but in human being timescale it is practically non-renewable. Sand is a significant component the concrete and due to the high demand for concrete because that construction, suitable for concrete sand is additionally in high demand.

The most usual constituent the sand in inland continent settings and non-tropical seaside settings is silica quartz (silicon dioxide - SiO2). The second most common form of sand, mainly encountered in islands and near the sea, is calcium lead carbonate which is created by various life-forms, favor coral and shellfish. Of course, the specific composition will certainly vary relying on local absent sources and conditions during the formation of the pebbles.


Sand for domestic or garden use is usually offered in small packets of number of pounds / kilograms, and for bigger projects in bags of 40, 60 or 80 lbs - 25kg or 50kg in Europe and also other places. For building work, concrete mixing, etc. The is marketed by the tonne and comes in trucks.

types and qualities of sand

Contrary to what you may think, over there is more than one kind of sand, by the size of the pebbles and also it"s intended use <2>. Choosing the right type and size is crucial, as some sands have actually a various application than others.

Sand typesTypeDescription
20-30 Sandn-standard sand, graded to happen a 850μm sieve and be retained on a 600μm sieve.
Graded Sandn-standard sand, graded between the 600μm sieve and the 150μm sieve.
Standard Sandn-silica sand, composed almost entirely of normally rounded seed of practically pure quartz (used for mortars and also testing that hydraulic cements).

Standard sand, in addition, candlestick be light grey or whitish color, must be free from silt and also the grains need to be angular, but a little percentage of flaky or rounded particles room permissible. Some manufacturers to express the great and kind of the sand in other ways, e.g. "river sand" (a.k.a. "sharp sand", "builder"s sand", "grit sand", "concrete sand"), "masonry sand", "M-10 sand" (granite sand), "play sand", each being finer and much more expensive 보다 the vault one.

What is the thickness of sand?

The density of usual sand is 100 lb/ft3 (1600 kg/m3). This synchronizes to moderately damp sand and is the number offered in the calculator.

How much does a yard3 of sand weigh?

A cubic yard of usual sand weighs around 2700 pounds or 1.35 tons. A square yard of a sandbox through a depth of 1 foot (30.48 cm) weighs about 900 pounds (410 kg) or slightly much less than fifty percent a ton. The water contents of the sand is suspect to it is in moderate.

How lot does a cubic meter that sand weigh?

A cubic meter of typical sand weighs 1,600 kilograms 1.6 tonnes. A square meter sandbox through a depth that 35 centimeter weighs about 560 kg or 0.56 tonnes. The numbers are derived using this sand calculator.

How lot is a ton the sand?

A ton that sand is typically about 0.750 cubic yards (3/4 cu yd), or 20 cubic feet. Sand is assumed reasonably damp, since including water have the right to increase or diminish the density of the sand considerably (e.g. If it was raining or if you destruction up and also leave sand under the sunlight so water evaporates).

How much is a tonne the sand?

A tonne that moderately damp sand frequently fills about 0.625 m3 (cubic meters). It can be more or less dense depending top top water content and the dimension of the sand particles.

Ton vs tonne, loads vs tonnes

When calculating the sand"s weight, make certain you carry out not confused the tonne (metric ton) v the ton (short ton). The very first one is provided by all countries in the world and also is identified to be equal to 1000 kg by the international body of standardization. The ton is right now only offered in the unified States and also is equal to 2000 pounds (2000 lbs). The difference in between the two is not huge but deserve to quickly include up to a far-reaching number as the quantity increases.

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<1> Krinsley D.H., Smalley I.J. (1972) "Sand", American Scientist 60:286-291

<2> ASTM C-778 - 17 "Standard Specification for typical Sand"

Cite this calculator & page

If you"d favor to cite this digital calculator source and information as listed on the page, you can use the adhering to citation: Georgiev G.Z., "Sand Calculator", accessible at: URL .