U.S. Document money provided to be worth its load in gold, so to speak. The American government has because separated the precious of money from gold. But, while the Gold standard is no longer an energetic or exact reflection of U.S. Money, record bills and coins do, of course, have standard sizing and weight. 

What is the load of U.S. Money? Here’s space the weights the U.S. Currency, both coins, and bills:

All U.S. MoneyPennyNickelDimeQuarterHalf DollarGold DollarBills
Weightin gramsBefore 1981 – 3.11 g after 1983 – 2.5 gSince 1866 – 5 gSince 1965 – 2.268 gSince 1965 – 5.67 gSince 1971 – 11.34 g8.1 G1 g
Diameter/ width.750 in.

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.835 in..705 in..955 in.1.205 in.1.043 in.2.61 in. Wide/6.14 in. Long
Thickness1.52mm1.95 mm1.35 mm1.75 mm2.15 mm2.00 mm.0043 in
Edge/# of reedsPlainPlainReeded/118Reeded/ 119Reeded/150Edge-letteringN/A
CompositionCopper Plated ZincCupro-NickelCupro-NickelCupro-NickelCupro-NickelManganese-BrassN/A

These measurements and also weights are just applicable because that those coins the are right now in circulation and also does not apply to the first design of any kind of of this coins. As an innovation has advanced, so has actually the capacity to mint and also produce coins cheaper, quicker, and with an ext of a mix of various materials, therefore making dimensions vary.

U.S. Bills

Currently, the just U.S receipt in manufacturing are together follows:


However, in the previous decades, there have been a few larger denominations that the U.S. Has printed that space still embraced as legal tender today.


The $100,000 bill was printed yet is now not enabled to be in circulation, and it is no longer accepted as legitimate tender. This bills to be not provided often enough to store in circulation, and also it ended up being an problem with make the efforts to use these bills in transactions.

Medal and Coins Programs

The U.S. Sends out out part commemorative coins into circulation each year for a few different reasons:

To advanced money for a distinct causeTo commemorate particular events or human being in historyFor collectors to honor people, places and also events native historyTo accumulate a peaked attention in our circulating coins.

These coins are extremely focused on their circumstance or reason and because the this reason, space usually harder to find and collect.

Circulating Coins

In 1999, the U.S. Started a turn around coins regime to spark some interest in ours circulating currency. The very first circulating coin project was the 50 State quarters program, native 1999-2008 quarters were released with different states ~ above them, through the intentionally that the public would try to collect them all. After this first coin routine a few others started in later on years:

America the Beautiful QuartersDC & U.S. Territories QuartersLincoln Bicentennial CentsWestward trip Nickels

Even despite these space special situation coins, every one of these coins complement the specifications the normal money circulating in the U.S. Now, and also they are likewise able come be used as legal soft for their proposed amount.

Dollar Coins

In 2012, the government started circulating dissension coins created for the objective of being collectibles. However, castle are also able come be used as legal tender. Every one of these coins enhance the dimensions for the original gold dollar specifications. The 3 programs the were started with Dollar coins are:

American InnovationNative AmericanPresidential

Congressional Medals

The U.S. Federal government approves congressional medals and presents them come individuals, groups, or organizations for their achievements and contributions. The federal government then approves copper duplicates because that sale to the public.

Currently there room 33 various medals that have actually been produced and presented; every one of these have likewise been approved for public sale. A few examples of people or groups that have received this are:

Bob Dole2011 please Heroes that 9/11Dr. Boy name Luther KingFirst Special service Force

Receiving among these medals is a vast honor, commonly after an insurmountable sacrifice native the person, or team of people.

List Medals

The U.S. Likewise has medals that are usually created a lengthy list of people or constant circulating currency. Currently, the perform medals easily accessible are:

First Spouse MedalsNot all have actually been produced or exit yetPresidential MedalsOngoing together each brand-new president’s hatchet is over

Collectible and Investment coins

Along with constant circulation currency, the Mint likewise produces coins for the sole function of marketing to collectors just through certified distributors. Now, this coins space not made for everyday general transactions, and they are not distributed into circulation. However, they deserve to be traded because that legal tender.

The amount they space worth is typically inscribed ~ above the front next of the coin. This is the amount of tender they space equal to, no the lot they are worth as a collector’s item. Specifications because that each coin differ relying on purpose and also type. The an initial two collective coins only have one sport of themselves. 

Precious metal CoinsAmerican Buffalo CoinFirst Spouse yellow coin program
Weight31.108 g15.554 g
Diameter1.287 in1.043 in
Thickness.116in.074 in
CompositionGold.9999 fine Gold

American Eagle Coin Program

The American Eagle Coin Program introduced in 1986. As of 2019, there were four various styles of the American Eagle Coin easily accessible in different weights.

Gold Bullion Coins (available in 4 Sizes)1 oz.5 oz.25 oz.10 ozGold Bullion Coins – 1 ozSilver Bullion Coins – 1 ozPalladium Bullion Coins – 1 oz

2016 Centennial gold Coin Program

These coins were only released in 2016 because that the sole purpose of noting the anniversary of three icons.

Mercury DimeCommemorates 100th anniversary the the standard coin architecture issued in 1916Standing Liberty QuarterCelebrates Hermon A. Macneil’s initial quarter designWalking Liberty fifty percent DollarCelebrates Adolf A. Weinman’s original half dollar design
Mercury DimeStanding LibertyWalking Liberty
Weight3.110 g7.776 g15.552 g
Diameter.650 in.866 in1.063 in
Thickness.047 in.064 in.085 in
Composition99.99% Gold99.99% Gold99.99% Gold

Commemorative Coin Programs

The U.S. Mint additionally has a really long list of 112 various commemorative Coin Programs that celebrate and honor various people, places, things, events, and institutions. This coins deserve to be supplied for legal tender. 

However, they are not produced for basic circulation to the public. These type of coins room only easily accessible for purchase for a minimal time, as well as being make in one extremely minimal quantity. 

Overall, there are a huge number of coins the you can find to start collecting, several of which have not yet been released and won’t be for a couple of years because their programs are so new. 

Collecting these coins have the right to be rewarding, but likewise rather complicated due to the rare nature that a most the programs being purely for collectors. The U.S mint website has a huge amount of information for collectors who room just beginning out. You deserve to learn whatever from exactly how to treatment for her coin, come the anatomy of a coin, both of i beg your pardon will assist you acquire the many profit or worth out of her collection.

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More Information around U.S. Currency

You likewise have the choice of purchase your choice of numerous gift sets of coins, bills, or medals. You deserve to have simple circulating bills put in distinct circumstance envelopes or situations to represent a one-of-a-kind event, or you have the right to buy a whole collection of collector’s coins that room grouped by date, mint location, or event. These presents sets space usually precious a an excellent amount to collectors and also are mostly used for display screen purposes.