A **factor** is a number that deserve to be separated into one more number evenly. For example, the determinants of 6 room 1, 2, 3, and also 6. All of these numbers have the right to be split evenly right into 6.

You are watching: How to factor using the distributive property

We can look for **common factors** within a mathematics statement. We use factoring to find these typical factors. Take, for example, the statement:

3x + 3y

In the above statement, the number 3 is a usual factor between the 2 terms in the statement, 3x and 3y. We have the right to divide 3 right into both numbers evenly. This is likewise called “factoring out” 3.

Finding the typical factor permits us to apply the **Distributive Property** to the statement. The Distributive Property applies multiplication come an existing enhancement statement. It method that a number external the bracket of an addition problem can be multiply by every number inside the parentheses. Or in opposing case, a typical factor deserve to be factored out and also written outside the parentheses.

So, with 3 together our common factor, the explain 3x + 3y becomes 3(x + y), or 3 multiply by “x + y.”

You can constantly check your job-related by multiplying the number in her answer. Because that 3(x + y), friend can examine your work-related as follows:

Here is an additional example:

2a + 6b

In the above statement, the typical factor deserve to be uncovered by breaking down the numbers.

In the very first term, 2a, the 2 deserve to be factored under to 2 •1.

In the second term, 6b, the 6 have the right to be factored down to 2 • 3.

You can now check out that 2 is the usual factor, and also we have the right to now use the Distributive Property.

So, the declare 2a + 6b have the right to be created as 2(a + 3b), or 2 multiplied by “a + 3b.”

Here is one an ext example:

5xy + 15xz

In the over statement, the typical factor has the variable, x, because it is common in between the 2 terms in the statement. Any kind of letter variable that appears in both terms can be factored out.

Now, let’s factor out the numbers:

5 = 5 • 1

15 = 5 • 3

We find that 5 is part of the usual factor. The other part, x, makes the common factor 5x.

So, 5xy + 15xz deserve to be written as 5x(y + 3z).

To check the work:

This is our original statement, 5xy + 15xz, so our work is correct.

Greatest typical Factor (GCF)There will be times as soon as you check out a statement where there is much more than one typical factor. For example, in the statement 4x + 12y, friend can malfunction the numbers as follows:

4 = 2 • 2

12 = 2 • 6

So, at very first glance, the may appear that 2 is the usual factor. Actually, over there is a larger number that deserve to serve as the common factor.

4 = 2 • 2

12 = 2 • 2 • 3

As seen here, the number 12 actually breaks under to 2 • 2 • 3. Given this, the common factor in between these terms is actually 2 • 2, or 4.

So, the breakdown looks an ext like this:

4 = 4 • 1

12 = 4 • 3

In this example, the number 4 is the **Greatest typical Factor**, or **GCF**. So, the statement 4x + 12y deserve to be created as 4(x + 3y).

Now let’s practice.

1. Uncover the typical factor in 7a + 7b.

2. Find the usual factor in 5x + 5y.

3. Uncover the common factor in 3x + 12y.

4. Uncover the typical factor in 2a + 14b.

5. Discover the common factor in 3ab + 4ac + 5ad.

6. Discover the typical factor in 5ab + 10ac + 20az.

7. Uncover the greatest usual factor in 4x + 16y.

8. Discover the greatest typical factor in 8x + 20y + 16z.

See more: Question: How Many Cups Of Dry Rice Makes 4 Cups Cooked Rice?

9. Find the greatest usual factor in 12bc + 6bd + 36be.

Now, let’s variable the adhering to statements utilizing the Distributive Property: