Food choices & Resources

Diet varies through species. Sea turtles might be carnivorous (meat eating), herbivorous (plant eating), or omnivorous (eating both meat and also plants). The jaw structure of many varieties indicates their diet.

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Some varieties change eating actions as they age. For example, green sea turtle are mainly carnivorous native hatching until juvenile size; climate progressively change to an herbivorous diet.

Green sea tortoise have finely serrated jaws adjusted for a greatly vegetarian diet of sea grasses and also algae. As adults, these are the only predominantly herbivorous sea turtles; although some occasionally additionally dine on jellyfish and also sponges.


Green sea turtles have carefully serrated jaws to accommodate their herbivorous diet.

Some types change eating habits as they age. Because that example, eco-friendly sea tortoise are greatly carnivorous from hatching until juvenile size; they then progressively shift to one herbivorous diet.

A hawksbill has a small head v jaws conference at one acute angle, adjusted for gaining food from crevices in coral reefs. They mainly eat sponges, but likewise occasionally a tiny amount the tunicates, shrimps and also squids.

The digestive systems of adult hawksbills are able come neutralize the sharp, glass spicules (small structure elements), and toxic chemicals found in countless of the sponges lock consume. Sponges provide hawksbills with a food source few other pets can ingest. This also can make hawksbills toxicity for human beings to eat. One adult hawksbill in the Caribbean can eat 544 kg (1,200 lbs.) that sponges a year. Hawksbills aid maintain healthy coral reefs by keeping sponge growth in check, which allows plenty of an are and sunlight for corals come flourish.


The hawksbill sea turtle has a narrow head adapted for acquiring food from crevices in coral reefs. The jaws of a loggerhead sea turtle are adjusted for crushing and also grinding.

Loggerheads", Kemp"s ridleys", and also olive ridleys have actually jaws that are well adjusted for crushing and also grinding. Your diet is composed primarily that crabs, mollusks, shrimps, jellyfish, and vegetation.

Leatherbacks have fragile scissor-like jaws that would be damaged by anything other than their typical diet that jellyfish, tunicates, and also other soft-bodied animals. The mouth cavity and also throat are lined with papillae (spine-like projections) pointed backward to assist them sloop down soft foods.

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Flatbacks have actually slightly serrated reduced jaws and also consume a wide range of marine invertebrates consisting of jellyfish, sea cucumbers, shrimp, mollusks, and sea pens. They typically feed in shallow, soft-bottomed habitats and avoid rocky or coral reefs.