What is Magnesium nitrate?

Mg(NO3)2 is an not natural nitrate salt that magnesium v a chemical name Magnesium nitrate.

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Magnesium nitrate is likewise called Magnesium dinitrate or Magniosan or Nitromagnesite (hexahydrate). That is widely provided in pyrotechnics.

Magnesium dinitrate is a hygroscopic, crystalline heavy white. It is highly soluble in water and also ethanol and also occurs naturally in caverns and also mines.

Properties that Magnesium nitrate – Mg(NO3)2

Mg(NO3)2Magnesium nitrate
Molecular load of Mg(NO3)2148.32 g/mol (anhydrous)
Density that Magnesium nitrate2.3 g/cm3 (anhydrous)
Melting allude of Magnesium nitrate129 °C
Boiling point of Magnesium nitrate330 °C

Magnesium nitrate framework – Mg(NO3)2


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Magnesium nitrate structure – Mg(NO3)2


Mg(NO3)2 uses (Magnesium nitrate)

Magnesium nitrate is offered as a dehydrating agent to prepare focused nitric acid.Used in the manufacturing of petrochemicals.Used together a desensitizer because that lithographic plates.Used come manufacture ammonium nitrate.Used in the purification that nitric acid.Used in industries as a viscosity adjuster.Used in the manufacturing of agricultural products.Used in the make of toner, and colourant products.Used in the procedure is mining.

Magnesium nitrate Reactions

Magnesium dinitrate reacts with alkali metal hydroxide to produce the following:

Mg(NO3)2 + 2 NaOH → Mg(OH)2 + 2 NaNO3

Magnesium nitrate has a high affinity in the direction of water. Therefore, heating it outcomes to decompose right into magnesium oxide, nitrogen oxides, and also oxygen.

2 Mg(NO3)2 → 2 MgO + 4 NO2 + O2.

Health Hazards

Exposure to Magniosan reasons mild irritation in the mucous membranes. Symptoms incorporate shortness the breath and also coughing. Swallowing large doses may an outcome in dizziness, vomiting, weakness, collapse. Abdominal muscle pain, bloody diarrhea, and also convulsions. When comes in contact with skin reasons redness, pain, and also irritation.

On heater this compound to decompose the emits toxic fumes the nitrogen oxides. Contact with oxidizable link may an outcome in extremely violent combustion.


Frequently inquiry Questions


What is magnesium nitrate used for?


Often offered in pyrotechnics is magnesium nitrate; and in the manufacture of focused nitric acid whereby it extracts water and also concentrates the mountain vapours come 90–95 percent HNO3. It is also used to assist in the handling of ammonium nitrate because that coating and also prilling.


Is magnesium nitrate acid or base?


Magnesium nitrate is a crystalline source with high water solubility because that use regular with nitrates and also lower (acidic) pH. Nitrate compounds are usually soluble in water. Also the nitrate assets are oxidizing agents. The nitrate compound can kind a flammable mixture when merged with hydrocarbons.


What form of compound is magnesium nitrate?


Magnesium Nitrate is an ionic compound developed by cation Magnesium Mg2+, and polyatomic anion Nitrate NO3–. The charges need to be equal and the the contrary in order for these two ions come bind. Therefore, the one + 2 magnesium ion would require two -1 nitrate ions to balance.


What metal will react v magnesium nitrate?


Zinc, copper, and also lead execute not react v magnesium nitrate due to the fact that in the task sequence magnesium is higher, since it is an ext reactive than other metals. Therefore, none of zinc, copper, or lead will displace magnesium ions from solution, so that there will certainly be no reaction.

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How numerous atoms go magnesium nitrate?


Magnesium nitrate compound includes one atom for magnesium, 2 atoms for nitrogen, and six atoms because that oxygen.