Learn an ext about Jersey dairy products cattle and also other significant dairy livestock breeds in the joined States.

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A 4-H youth mirrors her Jersey cow throughout 4-H Youth dairy Days. Picture credit: Sara long

Have you ever before looked in ~ a dairy products cow and wondered around the background of the breed? This series from Michigan State University extension will explore the background of the seven significant breeds of dairy livestock in the unified States. Holstein cattle were the first in the series, and now we rotate to the Jersey breed.

Located off the coastline of France and in the English Channel lied the Channel Islands, house to the Isle that Jersey, where this breed of dairy livestock originated. Very first called “Alderney cattle, Jerseys are among the earliest breeds of cattle having been brought to England in the 1740s and also the United states in the 1850s. There are still thousands of Jersey cattle on the island wherein the breed started that room purebred, definition they have actually not to be mated with any type of other breeds of cattle. This is guarantee by a strictly ban, in ar for around 150 years, on livestock imports so that no various other breeds live on the island. It has actually only been in the last eight years that the half on importing semen has actually been lifted.

There are many different ideas about how and also where the cattle on the island come from. Some theorize the old cattle ancestors may have actually come from afri stock, which would define why contemporary Jerseys are an ext heat tolerant than some other breeds. Rather think the original livestock may have migrated to the island indigenous India on a land leg that once associated the island to the French mainland. One more theory is that Jerseys may have originally been component of the Alpine Brown Swiss stock or native Brittany or Normandy spotted cattle. In spite of the best theories, the exact background of the breed before the 1800s is unknown.

Noted for your fawn coloring, a shade of brown, Jerseys have a black color muzzle and also either a white or black color tongue and also switch, the hair in ~ the really end the the tail. They may have some white markings on your hide combined in v the fawn coloring. Jersey livestock are a smaller sized bodied breed, reaching only about 1,000 pounds as a mature adult compared to the larger Holstein and Brown Swiss cows, each with the potential to with 1,400 pounds or an ext as mature animals.

Jersey cattle are very efficient grazing animals and can prosper is plenty of different climates and geography species around the globe. Over time, this breed has been selected to produce really high components, which room butterfat and also protein, in your milk. The volume the milk Jersey cattle produce might be much less than the of bigger bodied breeds, but the concentration of components is much higher.

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