Learning legit English vocabulary can make your work much easier, take the anxiety out of vital documents and also even broaden your career choices internationally.

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In this article, you’ll learn more than 60 that the most necessary legal English vocabulary words for courts and also crimes, residential property law and also contracts.

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Who demands Legal English Vocabulary?

Of course, if you’re planning to examine or work-related in regulation abroad, or intended to practice international law, learning legal English will be an extremely important. You’ll need it in meetings, negotiations and in the courtroom.

Additionally, people who conduct business with English-speaking companies about the world and also even in their own nation should be familiar with the legitimate English for contracts.

Legal English can additionally be useful simply for living or functioning abroad. Navigating life in one English-speaking nation can it is in challenging. By learning some legit language you’ll be much far better equipped to handle contracts, immigrant paperwork, to buy or renting property and also more.

With hope, girlfriend won’t uncover yourself ~ above the wrong side of the regulation in one English-speaking country, yet if you do, that would additionally be beneficial to know some legitimate English vocabulary. Also for other as an easy as a speeding ticket, legal English deserve to be an essential to understanding your responsibilities and also consequences.

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Where to practice Legal English Vocabulary

Once you have a general understanding of several of the many common and also useful legitimate English words and phrases, use these resources to exercise your knowledge.


gaianation.net is the finest tool to hear legit English (and numerous other types of English) in real, aboriginal contexts.
gaianation.net bring away real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and also inspiring talks—and transforms them right into personalized language discovering lessons.

Each video comes with interactive captions, flashcards, exercises and full transcripts. You’ll exercise vocabulary and build your an abilities in a concentrated way, every while absorbing English the means native speaker really usage it at work. Gaianation.net also keeps monitor of what you’ve learned and suggests brand-new videos based on that information.

For example, you’ll hear several legal hatchet in this news report around Uber’s former CEO obtaining sued, or this an ext lighthearted video clip about the craziest regulations in the U.S. You can check out the complete library v all the discovering features for free with a gaianation.net trial.

British legal Centre’s legit Vocabulary Test

This resource is perfect for experimentation your expertise of legit English. The test focuses on commercial legit language and will also give you a chance to exercise your grammar.

It’s a multiple selection test, for this reason be sure to testimonial the words and also phrases below before trying to complete the test.

 English Vocabulary Exercise: Crime and the Law

To exercise legal English connected specifically come crime and the courtroom, this practice will provide you some great practice.

You’ll have to use your expertise of legit English to to fill in the lacking words and complete the sentences.

“American legitimate English”

This book focuses top top American legal English. That was written specifically because that non-native English speakers to assist them understand and also use legit English.

The publication focuses on legit concepts, legal practice and also laws in general. The book includes listening and speaking tasks as well as exercises because that you to practice what you know.

Legal English Vocabulary for the Courtroom and Beyond!

Here are several of the many common and also useful legal English words and also phrases for you to know!

Courtroom Vocabulary


To accuse someone is to declare that someone cursed a crime.

It’s regularly used in the passive voice, to explain the state of who who is accused or was accused of something.

He was accused of steal the woman’s wallet.


A legal adviser or expert who pleads on behalf of the accused in court.

The advocate asked for her immediate release indigenous jail.


To use to a greater court to adjust a judge’s decision.

The judge’s decision is unreasonable. Let’s make an appeal


To take someone that supposedly did something illegal into police custody.

My sister was arrested last night. Ns wonder what she did! 


A specialized lawyer generally found in England or Australia.

They asked a barrister to provide the defendant some advice. 

Capital punishment

Also well-known as the “death penalty,” once the guilty person is sentenced to death.

The prosecutor wanted capital punishment because that the defendant who had actually killed three people.


To formally accuse someone of a crime.

The police charged him v murder this morning.


Legal action—something that need to be decided on in court.

The police had constructed a strong case versus the robber. 

Civil law

The law that’s not criminal law.

She practices civil law and also spends most of she time helping civilization get divorced.


Someone who has actually been discovered guilty of a crime and also is serving a jail sentence.

My uncle is a convict. He needs to serve three much more years in jail.


The room wherein the referee hears cases.

We must be in the courtroom in 10 minutes. 

Criminal law

The legislation that punishes criminals and people who break the law.

She practices criminal law. Right currently she’s functioning on a robbery case.


The human being who has been accused the a crime.

The defendant is accused of stealing this woman’s car. 

Defense Attorney

The lawyer who says for the defendant.

I’m no going to jail. I’ve hired the ideal defense attorney in the city.


Giving sworn evidence, generally written or spoken.

She offered her deposition last week. Us will usage it in court today.


The material that shows whether someone is guilty that a crime.

There is not enough evidence to convict him. 


An amount of money that you need to pay once you rest a small law.

I acquired a parking ticket and also had to pay a fine


Describes the human being who committed a crime. After ~ a criminal trial, someone is “found guilty” or “found innocent” (see below).

He was found guilty and also will need to go to jail.


Against the law.

It is illegal to drive v a red light. 


Not guilty the a crime.

She was found innocent and can walk home.


The human being who renders the final decision in a legal case.

My cousin is a judge. She decides several small cases every week.


The group of citizen in a criminal trial who decide whether a person is guilty or no guilty that the crime they’re accused of.

Several English-speaking countries have jury trials, but they can look significantly different in different countries. Part English-speaking countries, such as south Africa, have actually no jury trials.

The jury took just one hour to find the defendant guilty.


Someone that studied and practices law.

my firm has 10 lawyers ~ above staff, consisting of contract lawyers, a criminal lawyer and a couple of civil regulation lawyers. 


Illegal actions that’s not taken into consideration extremely serious. Normally the guilty party is fee a fine.

She had actually to salary a fine for vandalism, i beg your pardon is a misdemeanor in this city.


The early on release of someone from jail, frequently for an excellent behavior, before the end of their prison sentence.

He was granted parole three years before his actual jail sentence would have actually ended. 


The defendant’s response of one of two people “guilty” or “innocent” for a crime they’re accused of.

He didn’t steal anything, so he will plead no guilty.


The lawyer make the efforts to put the defendant in jail.

Be prepared. The prosecutor will certainly ask you plenty of questions.


A formal bespeak to appear in court.

I to be subpoenaed and also will have to go to court next week to provide my testimony.


To start legal procedures against someone in bespeak to obtain compensation or payment for damages or wrongdoing.

After he got injured, he determined to sue his boss over the unsafe work environment.

Take the stand

To sit or stand in the courtroom and also tell the judge around the crime. Witnesses and defendants deserve to “take the stand.”

She was nervous, but she took the stand and answered all the prosecutor’s questions.


To give evidence as a evil in the courtroom because that or versus the defendant.

I had to testify as a witness come the crime.


A composed or talked statement about the crime or offense.

He gave testimony to assistance the defendant’s innocence.


The final decision in the courtroom as to whether or not the defendant is guilty or innocent.

She read the last verdict: innocent!


An official record instructing the police to arrest someone.

You may additionally often hear the ax “search warrant,” which offers the police permission to search someone’s building for evidence.

There’s a warrant out for his arrest.


A human being who experienced the crime acquisition place and also must explain what they witnessed or heard in the courtroom.

There were number of witnesses to the theft.



“Driving under the influence” or “Driving when intoxicated.” Both terms describe the offense of driving a auto after spend alcohol.

The slang term because that this is drunk driving (U.S.) or drink driving (U.K.).

He shed his patent after he got a DWI.


Producing a false copy that a signature, document, money or artwork.

Forgery can also be offered as a noun to describe the fake document.

It was great forgery. It take it the agency days to establish the signature was a fake.


Deception in order to get money.

She to be convicted of fraud. She’d to be making replica paintings and also selling them together the genuine thing.


Transporting or holding someone in a location versus their will.

He was trying to kidnap the child yet the police quit him together he to be driving away.


Intentionally death someone.

He murdered his neighborhood for playing his music also loud.


Not taking ideal care of something.

He drove his car onto the sidewalk. Nobody was hurt, for this reason he was charged through negligence


Lying after taking an main oath to tell the truth.

He cursed perjury in the courtroom and will have actually to confront the consequences.


The action of steal from someone or part place.

A guy robbed the house next door last month and currently every home in the neighborhood has a protection system.


Stealing items native a keep or shop.

He was recorded on camera shoplifting a soda and also some chips.


To walk somewhere where you aren’t enabled to go.

He to be trespassing on my father’s home so I dubbed the police. 


The deliberate devastation of property.

She to be charged with vandalism because that spray paint the side of the office building. 



The owner that a rental property.

My landlord is an extremely helpful. Once the washing machine broke, the bought a brand-new one because that the apartment through the finish of the week. 


A official contract letting someone various other than the owner use a building for a particular amount the time and also for a particular amount that money.

I signed a two-year lease for the apartment! i can’t wait to relocate in.


Money borrowed from a bank or private institution that have to be paid back with interest.

I took out several loans to go to college.


A legal covenant from the bank that lends girlfriend money to buy a house.

I just bought my first house and have a 30-year mortgage.


The owner that a residential or commercial property or business.

The proprietor is hope to sell the restaurant and retire.

Rental Agreement

A contract because that renting a residential property without a collection amount the time.

I signed my rental agreement today, but I’m not sure just how long I’ll be here—maybe simply a few months. 

Security Deposit

A payment you make when you rent a residential property to covering any feasible damages that might occur.

I had actually to pay first month’s rent, critical month’s rent and also a security deposit, but now I have the secrets to my brand-new apartment!


The human being who’s renting the property.

I’ve to be a tenant in this building for 2 years.



A negotiated or legit understanding between two or an ext groups of people.

We’ve finally involved an agreement. Please do the alters in the contract and we’ll sign it tomorrow.


A ar in a contract.

In Article 7, it states that you need to notify the company two weeks before you intended to quit.


Failure to do payments top top a loan or mortgage. Often used in the previous tense.

He shed his job and also defaulted ~ above his mortgage payments. The may lose his house.


Carry out a promise or satisfy an agreement.

By signing this contract, you agree come fulfill every one of the problems listed. 


A term used in contracts the means, “further on in the document.”

Bob’s computer systems will be described as agency A and Joe’s electronic devices will be referred to as firm B hereinafter.


Legally responsible for something.

Our firm is liable if something walk wrong with the brand-new model.

Null and also void

Cancelled or invalid.

This contract is null and void the minute you step out of mine office! 

On instead of of

For the interests of a group.

The parents sued the hospital on behalf of their newborn child.


The human or group of people on one side of a negotiation, deal or argument.

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The two parties require to involved an agreement by the end of the day. 

These words and also phrases room a an excellent start come improving and building your legal English vocabulary! take it time to become familiar through these words and also practice them and also you’ll feel more confident speak English legalese.

Download: This blog write-up is easily accessible as a convenient and portable PDF the youcan take anywhere. Click below to gain a copy. (Download)