Motifs are recurring structures, contrasts, or literarydevices that can help to develop and inform the text’s major themes.

The “Ten small Indians” poem

The “Ten small Indians” rhyme travel guide the progressionof the novel. The singsong, childish verses tell the story that thedeaths that ten Indian boys and also end v the line that gives the novelits title: “and then there were none.” A framed copy that the rhymehangs in every bedroom, and ten little Indian numbers sit top top thedining-room table. The killing are brought out to match, as closelyas possible, the lines in the poem, and after each murder, one ofthe figures vanishes from the dining room. The overall effect isone of practically supernatural inevitability; eventually, all the charactersrealize that the next murder will match the following verse, however theyare unable to escape their fates. The city affects Vera Claythornemore powerfully than it affects anyone else. She becomes obsessedwith it, and also when she at some point kills herself she is operatingunder the suggestive power of the poem’s last verse.

Dreams and also Hallucinations

Dreams and hallucinations recur transparent the novel,usually as a reflection of miscellaneous characters’ guilty consciences.Dr. Armstrong has actually a dream in which that operates on a human whoseface is first Emily Brent’s and also then Tony Marston’s. This dreamlikely grows out of Armstrong’s memory of coincidentally killinga mrs on the operating table. Emily Brent seems to get in a trancewhile creating in her diary; she wakes from that to discover the words“The murderer’s name is Beatrice Taylor” scrawled across the page.Beatrice Taylor is the name of Emily Brent’s former maid, who gotpregnant and also killed herself after Emily Brent fired her. Brent’sunconscious scrawl demonstrates, if not her guilty conscience, atleast she preoccupation with the death of her servant. Vera Claythorneoften feels the Hugo Hamilton—her former lover, because that whose sakeshe allow a small boy drown—watches her, and also whenever she smellsthe sea, she remembers the work the boy died, together if hallucinating.

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