Space is a huge expanse. We’re tho unearthing this good unknown and its mysteries. What’s Up, Germany? brings you a nottard of interesting space words. You may be acquainted with some. If not, yes even more to learn!



Asteroid A little rocky body that moves approximately the sun mainly in between Mars and Jupiter.

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Aurora Beautiful glowing lights in the skies at the North and South Poles, popularly well-known as the northern and also southern lights.


Big Bang A theory that suggests that the world was created by a enormous expansion of space more than 13 billion year ago.

Black hole The main point of a broke down star where gravity is so solid that nothing can escape, not even light.

Blue moon A second full moon developing in a month.

Binary star 2 stars that revolve about a common centre of gravity.


Circumpolar star A star the is constantly visible above the horizon, because that example, the north Star.

Comet periodically referred to as a dirty snowball, it is a tiny mass that rock and also ice the orbits the sun.

Constellation A group of stars that type a pattern in the sky and also havea name.


Dark matter many of the universe consists of this matter, which cannot be seen yet can be detected by its gravitational effect.

Dwarf planet things that is prefer a small planet yet does no fit the description of a planet. Pluto, Eris and Ceres are all dwarf planets.

Dwarf galaxy The most typical kind of galaxy in the universe, it contains only a couple of million stars.


Exoplanet A world that orbits a star external the earth solar system.

Ecosphere The area around a star where problems are ideal tosustain life.


Flare A sudden burst of energy from a star prefer the sun.

Flyby A flight made by a spacecraft past an object for the purpose of observation.


Galaxy This is an extremely large collection that stars that extends end billions of light-years. Fairly often, galaxies type a spiral or oval shape.

Gas planets likewise called failure stars, they are huge planets mostly made of gases choose hydrogen and also helium. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune space gas giants.

Globular cluster A densely pack spherical arsenal of old stars in the outer regions that a galaxy.


Hubble’s Law The legislation of physics that says that the farther a galaxy is indigenous us, the farther the is relocating away native us.

Hypergalaxy A large spiral galaxy surrounded by dwarf satellite galaxies. The Milky means and Andromeda are instances of hypergalaxies.


Inferior planets The planets in ours solar device that lie between the sun and the Earth. Mercury and Venus fall under this category.

Intergalactic The an are between galaxies.

Interstellar The an are between the stars the a galaxy.


Jet stream High-speed winds the blow in the top levels of earth’s atmosphere and also influence the weather.


Kepler’s laws Three regulations of planetary activity published by the German astronomer john Kepler in between 1609 and also 1619.

Kuiper Belt This an ar in our external solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit has many comets. Pluto is one of the largest objects in this belt.


Light-year The street that light deserve to travel in one year. This is exactly how distance is measure up in space. One light-year is about 9.5 trillion kilometres!

Lunar eclipse A phenomenon caused by the planet passing in between the sun and also a full moon, resulting in the earth’s shadow to fall on the moon.


Major planet any type of of the eight planets of ours solar system, as opposed come an asteroid or moon.

Meridian one imaginary heat from the north Pole come the southern Pole.

Meteor A rock from space that enters earth atmosphere and also burns away together a streak of light. We also call it a shoot star. If a meteor survives the plunge and also lands top top Earth, it’s dubbed a meteorite.

Milky Way This spiral-shaped galaxy includes our solar system and also hundreds of billions that stars. It deserve to be watched by the naked eye as a luminous band across the sky.


Nebula This large cloud the dust and gas in room contains the raw materials stars are made of.

Neutron star A massive star that dies in a supernova explosion and also collapses to develop one of the densest objects in the universe.

Nova A star that suddenly shines brightly because that a few months due to a nuclear explosion prior to returning come its original state.


Orbit The curved course a celestial thing takes approximately a star, moonor planet.


Parallax one apparent change in a celestial object’s position when viewed indigenous two different angles. Researchers use it to measure the distances of stars indigenous the Earth.

Pulsar A rapidly spinning ghost star the emits radio waves.


Quasar found in remote locations of the universe, this massive, particularly bright celestial object provides out incredible amounts of energy and also is claimed to be powered by a black hole.


Red dwarf A little cool star that is less bright 보다 the sun.

Red giant A substantial cool star near the finish of the life that provides outa red light.

Rotation The spinning of a celestial body roughly its central axis.


Satellite an object that is sent out into an are and revolves around the planet or one more planet because that the objective of gathering details or communication.

Solar eclipse it is the complete or partial obscuring the the sun by the moon when the planet passes through the moon’s shadow.

Solar system The section of our galaxy that orbits the sun. This has the Earth, the other seven planets, dwarf planets, moons, asteroids and comets.

Star A big ball of burning gas in room that produce light, heat, ultraviolet light and also X-rays.

Supernova A violent explosion the occurs upon the death of a star, leading to it to suddenly become extremely bright because that a couple of months.


Terrestrial planets The four planets closest come the sun—Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars—made increase of rock and also metal.

Transit The passage of a celestial human body in prior of a larger body or across the meridian.


Universe everything that exists. All of space and time, including the planets, stars, galaxies and other forms of matter and energy. The observable cosmos is about 92 exchange rate light-years!

Umbra The innermost and darkest component of a shadow actors by an illuminated body that blocks all light. The moon’s umbra reasons total solar eclipses.


Variable star A star the fluctuates in brightness.

Void A vast region of empty room between galaxy clustersand superclusters.


White dwarf A small, dim dying star that has broke down to roughlythe size of the Earth.

White hole unequal a black hole indigenous which nothing can escape,a white hole spews out matter and light.


X-Class flares The most an effective explosions ~ above the sun. Castle can cause harmful radiation storms and also radio blackouts.

X-Ray binaries strong emitters that X-rays, binary stars make up a typical star and a broke down star, such as a white dwarf, ghost star or black hole.


Yellow dwarf This is a medium-sized star choose the sun. Contrary to its name, it is usually white in colour! The sun only appears yellow with the earth’s atmosphere.


Zenith Look directly up. The suggest in the sky directly above you isthe zenith.

Zodiac An imaginary belt in the sky that consists of the 12 zodiacal constellations.

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