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"Mythconceptions" Quiz answer KeyQUESTION 1) The first European colony in the brand-new World remained in what is currently the state the Virginia, and it was started by the English. ANSWER: FALSE. The Spanish founded the an initial permanent European colony in phibìc America in ~ St. Augustine, in what is currently the state that Florida. The first colony in what is now Virginia to be Jamestown, and also it was founded by the English in 1607. Question 2) The English colonists of the 1620s and also 1630s commonly wore black and also white clothing. Guys decorated their clothing, shoes, and hats with big buckles. ANSWER: FALSE. Contrary to famous belief, at an early stage English colonists during the 1620s and also 1630s walk not commonly wear black color suits or skirts through white collars and also cuffs. Black towel was expensive and hard to obtain, so colonists wore black clothing only top top Sundays or for other special occasions (if lock had any at all). Colonists commonly wore color such together brown, gray, green, beige, red, blue, and purple. Early homesteaders did no wear buckles on your shoes, hats, or clothes. Illustrators in the nineteenth century, three hundred years later, shown the homesteaders with buckles on your hats and shoes due to the fact that at the time, buckles were taken into consideration old-fashioned. Buckles did come in come fashion late in the seventeenth century and early in the eighteenth century ... End 70 years after the an initial permanent colonies in brand-new England. However thinking that the Pilgrims and their contemporaries wore black and also white outfits adorned v buckles is choose thinking the most civilization in 2003 dress the method people go in the beforehand 1930s ... It simply isn"t true. Concern 3) every English homesteaders in the seventeenth century concerned the new World seeking religious freedom. ANSWER: FALSE. Part seventeenth century English colonists pertained to the new World seeking religious freedom. Settlers established the Plymouth and Massachusetts just colonies because they were unhappy with the Church that England. However, many colonists pertained to the brand-new World for other reasons. Some had actually heard tales of fabulous wealth in the new World, and also hoped to find substantial quantities the gold and also silver. Many colonists involved escape poor in England, and also dreamed the owning their own houses and farms. Wealthier homesteaders had often provided huge sums that money come the companies which journeyed come the brand-new World, and also wanted to keep an eye on your investments. Colonists likewise recruited rather -- such together blacksmiths and also barrel machines -- since of their an abilities or trades. Finally, some people left England just to discover adventure and new opportunities. Question 4) The "Pilgrims" started the very first colony in the area now well-known as "New England." ANSWER: FALSE. The "Pilgrims," a group of English separatists who later on became connected with the "First Thanksgiving," come in the area now recognized as brand-new England in 1620 and founded the Plymouth colony. However, in 1607, an previously group that settlers developed a swarm called Popham, in what is currently the state of Maine. These colonists were members of the "northern branch" that the Virginia Company. The "southern branch" of the agency founded james town in present-day Virginia that very same year. Concern 5) The "Pilgrims" to be "Puritans" who were seeking come "purify" the Church the England. ANSWER: FALSE. The "Pilgrims" and also Puritans to be two different groups, who had actually different ideas about religious reform. In 1532, England"s King Henry VIII i was withdrawn the Church of England native the jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome. Throughout the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, differing religious beliefs developed among Protestants in England. One team sought to "purify" the Church, and make adjustments to its currently structure. This group came to be known together "Puritans." an additional group felt that they should fully separate native the Church the England, and also make their very own decisions regarding religion, church structure, and also worship. This team is historically well-known as "Separatists." The "Pilgrims" were a group of Separatists. To complicated matters even more, the Pilgrims go not refer to themselves as Pilgrims; that label came to be popular long after your arrival in the brand-new World. Inquiry 6) one "Indian princess" named Pocahontas rescued beforehand colonist Captain john Smith from certain death, and later fell in love v him. ANSWER: FALSE. Pocahontas to be the daughter that Powhatan, one Algonquian Indian chief. Her real name to be Mataoka, and also "Pocahontas" to be a nickname which, approximately translated, method "little troublemaker." when she to be eleven or twelve years old, the Virginia Company, led by Captain man Smith, arrived in the brand-new World to uncovered the james town colony. Not long afterward, blacksmith reported, he was kidnapped by Indians, that took him come their village and ready to society him to death. In ~ the last possible second, Pocahontas ran to Smith and also protected the from the clubs. Powhatan climate announced the he and Smith would be friends, and also that Smith would be his embraced son. Numerous historians have speculated that the Indians never intended to kill Smith, and that his kidnapping was component of an adoption ritual. Historians suspect that Smith invented the story around Pocahontas saving him, and also it"s even more suspicious since Smith reported that Indian women saved his life ~ above several other occasions. At any rate, there is no much evidence to suggest that over there was ever before a romantic relationship in between Smith and also Pocahontas. Pocahontas later on married another colonist, man Rolfe, and also traveled to England, wherein she met King James I and also the remainder of the royal family. She died at the period of 22 and also was hidden in a churchyard in Gravesend, England. Concern 7) at an early stage English colonists lived in log cabins. ANSWER: FALSE. Sweden immigrants presented the "traditional" log in cabin architecture of notched and interlocking logs come America in the 1770s, lengthy after the more quickly colonists. Many early English settlers resided in "wattle and daub" cottages. Colonists sawed slim boards, or clapboards, indigenous logs and used castle to structure the wall surfaces of their homes. The interior walls that the houses were climate infilled with wattle, a woven network of thin branches and also saplings, and the wattle was covered with daub, a mixture the clay, sand, and straw. Some colonists additionally mixed animal manure right into it. Daub was essential in insulating the houses against the long brand-new England winters. Question 8) after ~ traveling end 2,700 mile from England to the brand-new World, the "Pilgrims" first came ashore on Plymouth Rock and established their irreversible colony. ANSWER: FALSE. After completing their journey of over 2,700 miles on the Mayflower (traveling in ~ a rate of 2 miles per hour), the Pilgrims first anchored in the harbor of present-day Provincetown, Massachusetts, top top November 11, 1620. End a month later, the Pilgrims selected the place for their new colony, which they called Plymouth, in ~ the website of an exit Indian village. However, in ~ the time, none of the Pilgrims stated stepping ~ above the land in ~ a rock or boulder. The very first mention that Plymouth Rock as the "landing place" the the Pilgrims didn"t take place until end one century later. In 1741, an elderly resident of Plymouth named Thomas Faunce figured out a big boulder top top the beach together the spot whereby the Pilgrims very first made landfall. Faunce"s father, that arrived in Plymouth 3 years ~ the original Pilgrims, was told around the rock by one of the initial colonists. Because none of the initial Pilgrims wrote around the Rock once describing their arrival, and since thomas Faunce"s story was a third-hand account 121 years later, over there is no way to know for details if the Plymouth rock story is true. However, the rock is crucial symbol that the courage and also determination of early on colonists; it at this time stands in Pilgrim Memorial State Park in Plymouth, and also thousands of tourists visit it every year. Concern 9) early on colonists celebrated the very first Thanksgiving in November 1621, and also it has actually been an yearly holiday in phibìc America ever before since, except throughout the years of the American Civil battle (1861-1865). ANSWER: FALSE. Sometime throughout the fall of 1621, the colonists who had survived the very first winter in the Plymouth colony held a harvest celebration. It may have remained in November. Or probably October. Possibly it was in September. No one really knows because that sure. The harvest celebration had feasting and also games. The colonists may have consumed turkey, but more likely they had lobster and also eel. Over there were definitely no mashed potatoes, and the homesteaders did not refer to the celebration together "Thanksgiving." there is no record of a harvest festival in the nest for the next couple of years. Until the middle of the nineteenth century, just over 150 years ago, no one linked the early colonists -- or Pilgrims -- v "Thanksgiving." It started as a local brand-new England vacation that commemorated community, harvest, and also bounty. Colonial (and later, state) governors picked a day each loss that was designated together a day of Thanksgiving. Together settlers moved westward, work of Thanksgiving were hosted in brand-new colonies, territories, and states, but it was not an official annual holiday. Pilgrims were first linked come Thanksgiving when a first-hand account of the 1621 harvest festival to be discovered and published in 1841.In 1863, in the midst of the civil War, Abraham Lincoln proclaimed an yearly Day the Thanksgiving on the critical Thursday the November. By the finish of the nineteenth century, with the "Wild West" being settled, american felt comfortable v the idea of your Pilgrim forefathers dining with Indians, and also the colonists became much more closely figured out with the holiday. Photos of the "First Thanksgiving" were provided to teach recent immigrants about the united States. In 1939, president Franklin Delano Roosevelt moved Thanksgiving come the 3rd Thursday in November, to provide shoppers and also merchants and extra mainly of holiday shopping time. The date adjust ultimately proved unpopular, and also in 1941, Thanksgiving to be moved ago to the fourth Thursday in November. Concern 10) The weapon of an option for English colonists during the 1620s to be a gun referred to as a blunderbuss, i beg your pardon featured a thick and bell-shaped barrel.ANSWER: FALSE. Though many people usually combine swords and armor with knights and medieval times, beforehand colonists likewise used them for defense and also protection. In addition to your swords, plenty of colonists lugged knives or daggers as their tools of choice. If the blunderbuss was in presence at the time, colonists were most acquainted with matchlock and also flintlock muskets, i beg your pardon were big and complicated. Some guns of the duration were so hefty that they forced placing the barrel in a sustaining stand prior to firing! concern 11) early on English colonists emerged strict laws and also harsh punishments because that those who damaged them.ANSWER: TRUE. Early English colonists developed an intricate system that laws, fines, punishments, and public humiliations to store order in the new World. In Plymouth Colony, colonists could be put to fatality for crime such together murder, practicing witchcraft, arson, rape, and also adultery. Colonists who broke the laws could be publicly whipped or placed in the general public stocks, a wooden frame in i m sorry the criminal"s head and hands to be locked. Homesteaders could also be fined for cursing, absent church services, lying, or defying your parents. Serious offenders can be forced wear title or fabric letters identifying their crimes; failure to wear this identifying title in public resulted in even much more severe punishments. Concern 12) at an early stage English homesteaders viewed alcohol and also tobacco as tools of the devil and also banned them from the colonies. ANSWER: FALSE. Heck, no! Men, women, children, church officials, anyone in the early colonies drank alcoholic beverages. Many homesteaders thought the alcohol was beneficial in staying clear of disease. Homesteaders viewed water suspiciously, and rightly thought that unpurified water could cause illness and even death. Some colonists were later surprised to uncover that their kids felt far better when drink water rather of beer! However, homesteaders frowned upon excessive consumption of alcohol and public drunkenness. One colonist in the Massachusetts bay Colony"s repeated offenses forced him to "wear a red "D" approximately his neck because that a year."Smoking tobacco was not as widely accepted, but many colonists smoked. Through tobacco being grown and exported from the Colonies, it to be often available and world did usage it. However, unequal alcohol consumption, which some colonists thought to be authorized by the Bible, there were no services to smoking. Several colonies emerged anti-smoking laws since of the fire dangers smokers posed come houses, barns, thatched roofs, and haystacks. Question 13) colonists in brand-new England were friends v Indians and also did no fight them, as inhabitants did later in the American West. ANSWER: FALSE. Saying that the colonists and the Indians to be "friends" is a tricky subject. In countless colonies, the colonists and also Indians interacted, traded, and also even socialized through each other. For instance, 90 Wampanoag Indian guys attended the Pilgrims" 1621 harvest festival ... Yet they weren"t "invited"; they verified up to check out what the noise was every about. "Peaceful" relationships were largely based upon trade and commerce. Come say the they were "friends" is difficult. Homesteaders frequently viewed the Indians together "heathens" and also "savages," who were listed below them intellectually and culturally. If many swarms enjoyed peaceful relationships through Indians, over there were likewise conflicts and wars. The an initial "war" between brand-new England colonists and Indians to be 1637"s Pequot battle in southerly Connecticut. Concern 14) Enslaved afri arrived in colonial America prior to the Mayflower did. ANSWER: TRUE. In 1619, a dutch ship carrying 20 afri arrived in Virginia"s jamestown Colony, come be offered as indentured servants. Human being of afri descent were soon in both northern and also southern colonies. The bulk of America"s an initial colonists to be indentured servants. Uneven enslaved Africans, white indentured servants voluntarily concerned the colonies, signing a contract pledging servitude in exchange because that passage come the new World. Servitude lasted in between four and also eight years. Inquiry 15) beforehand English homesteaders such together the Pilgrims introduced Christian holidays such together Christmas and Easter to phibìc America. ANSWER: FALSE. The Pilgrims only recognized three varieties of holidays together approved by the Bible: the Sabbath, work of thanksgiving, and fast days. The Sabbath was very closely observed every week. Work of fasting and thanksgiving -- i m sorry both focused on prayer -- were proclaimed by early american governors in response to droughts, wars, sickness, or good harvests. The "First Thanksgiving" connected with the Pilgrims -- feasting v the neighbors -- was actually a harvest festival, and also not a religious thanksgiving day. Celebrations of Christmas and Easter were perceived as holidays built by the Church of England and also the roman inn Catholic Church.


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