Aggie Horticulture Network > Vegetable resources > guides > The crops of Texas > postposition 1. Descriptions of geographic regions in Texas

For objectives of this report us consolidated the thorough districts offered by TASS/TDA, FSA, and also TCE. Areas are discussed and shown in a map.

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Lower Rio Grande Valley. Major vegetable region in the state; consists of the 4 southern many counties. Alluvial soils follow me the Rio Grande River, subtropical environment with 340 frost-free days, irrigation water from canals or wells follow me the river. A large diversity of crops for fresh and processing markets, consisting of citrus and early season vegetable for at an early stage market windows and agronomic crops of cotton, grains, sugarcane, and other crops. Extensive pest pressures practically year round.

Winter Garden and also South/Central. Includes the Winter Garden and Uvalde area, an intensive irrigated an ar west and south of mountain Antonio and the Hill Country. Expand northward to Abilene and also southward come the lower Rio Grande Valley. Diversity dryland and also irrigated chop production (Edwards Aquifer) inter-dispersed in the huge rangeland and also beef production areas.

Plains Region. Contains northern Panhandle (Amarillo, phibìc to Oklahoma) and South plains (Lubbock, southern to big Spring), with substantial dryland and center pivot watering production (Ogallala Aquifer). Clayey soils come the north and generally sandy soils come south and east. Includes eastward Rolling plains along the Red Riverto I-35 and also south to I-20 and also Abilene, through dryland production and also with some pockets of irrigation. Region varies native 2,000 to 4,600 feet elevation; 26 inches of rain ~ above the eastern to 16 inches on west in ~ the NM border and also growing seasons from 160 come 240 days. Grains, cotton, and oil seed plants predominate but major acreages that horticultural crops.

Eastern Areas. Consists of East Texas; typified by sandy soils, tiny farms and also family operations v intensive crop production and also numerous cow-calf/pasture operations. Bordered by I-35 on west and also OK and LA ~ above north and east and also extends southward to Beaumont and also Upper Gulf Coast, southern to Houston, corpus Christi, and seaside Bend region. Great seasonal rains but irrigation is common. Humid summers, long farming season, and close proximity come rural roadside and significant metro markets.

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Far West Texas. Contains Trans Pecos an ar (Del Rio, phibìc on us 277) and west to El Paso, through arid soil in the top Chihuahuan Desert and Desert Grasslands; thin rainfall (10 inch or less) but intensive chop production where watering water is available from the Rio Grande and Pecos Rivers. Crops include cotton, grains, and intensive vegetable and other horticultural plants on alluvial soils in a high desert environment. Production systems are comparable to those in NM and also AZ.