The hymen is a thin piece of organization that a person can have in ~ the opening of your vagina. For some, it damages when their hymen stretches or breaks, when others do not feeling it happen.

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Many believe that the hymen breaks as soon as a person has actually penetrative sex because that the an initial time — this is no necessarily true. Some females do not have hymens. If a person has one, it may wear down gradually during other activities.

In this article, we define the hymen, what can happen to it throughout sexual intercourse for the very first time, and what to execute if sex becomes painful.

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The hymen is a thin piece of tissue located at the vaginal opening. The shape deserve to vary. Also, no everyone with a vagina has actually one. The hymen deserve to break, tear, or stretch because that a number of reasons, consisting of sexual activity. But before a person has their very first sexual experience, the hymen may currently have torn, stretched, or worn down to part extent.

Here room some types of hymen:


This type of hymen sits approximately the edges of the vaginal opening, with space in the middle for expression blood to flow. It is among the much more common varieties of hymen.


The half-moon or crescentic hymen is one more common type. It creates a crescent shape, covering part of the vaginal opening. These vary in size.


A septate hymen is a thin piece of tissue that runs across the middle of the quality opening, developing what looks favor two openings. A person with this type of hymen has regular menstrual blood flow, however they might be can not to use a tampon or expression cup.


An imperforate hymen fully covers the opened of the vagina. This is rare, arising in 1 in 2,000 people. Human being with this form of hymen execute not have standard periods.

A doctor might recommend minor surgical procedure to remove the hymen, and the clinical name for this procedure is a hymenectomy.


A microperforate hymen covers many of the vaginal opening except for a very small hole, through which term blood deserve to flow.A human with a microperforate hymen might not be able to use tampons or term cups.


This form of hymen consists the quality opening yet has several tiny holes. Menstrual blood can flow out of the vagina, however a human being cannot use a tampon or cup.

How deserve to the hymen break or tear? 

Some civilization mistakenly think that a broken or missing hymen can only an outcome from penetrative sex. This is not correct. The hymen deserve to break, tear, or stretch during many activities. Some examples include:

horseback ridinggymnasticscyclinga gynecologist conducting a pelvic exam

Also, some people believe that the state that a who hymen indicates whether they are a virgin. Neither the dimension of the hymen or the vagina reliably reflects whether who has had actually penetrative sex.

It is crucial to remember the virginity is a social construct, not a medical term. It has tendency to describe penis-in-vagina (PIV) sex in between males and females, and also it pipeline out other creates of sex, and also so, other sexualities.

Myths around virginity can cause damage. In the past and also the present, people have offered virginity as a measure of exactly how morally pure or an important females are. In part communities, fail to prove virginity deserve to have severe consequences.

What wake up to the vagina the first time someone has actually sex counts on several factors, together as:

whether they have a hymenthe shape of their hymenwhether that has already stretched or tornthe type of sex-related activity

If a person has actually a hymen, it may stretch or tear the very first time they have penetrative sex. But it might not, specifically if that has currently worn down because of other activities.

If the hymen does break or stretch, this deserve to hurt, and also it may reason minor bleeding. Yet many human being have a pleasurable very first experience v this form of sex. The all relies on the person and their body.

It is additionally important to identify the other determinants that can cause pain throughout sex, including:

low level of lubricationnervousness, which can reason the muscles roughly the vagina to tense upallergic reaction to prophylactics or lubricant, i m sorry can cause burning or stinging

Feeling comfortable and prepared because that the very first time can help prevent part potential reasons of pain.

Below are some means that human being can get ready for their an initial sexual experience. These strategies do not guarantee a painless experience, yet they can assist people feel an ext comfortable, relaxed, and also prepared.

Try masturbation

Masturbating can assist a person become familiar with their body and also what they like and dislike. This can help them communicate with your partner throughout sex.

Discuss contraception

If a person planning to have actually PIV sex wants to protect against pregnancy, they need to talk to their partner around contraception and also do some research.

If someone’s partner has had sex before, that is ideal to use a barrier technique as a precaution. This can involve making use of a male or woman condom, both the which likewise prevent the transmission of STIs.

Voice any type of concerns

Anyone that feels nervous should talk about it through their partner. The partner may be able to administer reassurance or might feel worried too. Being open and honest can assist put world at ease and also bring castle closer together.

Get enthusiasm consent

Sex need to be a fun, enjoyable endure for anyone involved. A human being should be certain that they want to have sex before they begin and get enthusiastic consent from their partner.

Foreplay and lubrication

Foreplay can help stimulate the vagina come secrete a liquid that offers lubrication. Some refer to this together “getting wet.” A human being can likewise use store-bought lubricants.

Both natural and also synthetic lubricants minimize the friction that the penis entering the vagina. They additionally make it easier for the penis to on slide in and out.

For people who use condoms, the is essential to pick water-based lubricants due to the fact that oil-based lubricants have the right to break condoms. An enlarge study, native 1989, says that exposure come mineral oils can cause a latex condom to break in as tiny as 1 minute.

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Take it slow

Getting into sex gradually and also slowly can assist the vaginal muscle relax, and aid the person get accustomed to the sensation of penetration.