After friend learn just how to set up a chessboard it’s time to learn just how chess pieces move and also the chess pieces’ names.

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After analysis this article you will know the chess pieces’ names and how the chess pieces move. Watching title players discuss chess games is a an excellent way to help you mental what friend learn.

Before you start learning how the chess piece move, gaining to recognize the chessboard is vital. GM Susan Polgar has coached chess players who were pure beginners and also grandmasters too.

Here she is to explain everything you must know around the chessboard.

How Chess piece Move

Kings move one square in any direction, so long as the square is not assaulted by an adversary piece. Additionally, monarchs are able to do a distinct move, recognized as castling.Queens move diagonally, horizontally, or vertically any number of squares. They are unable to jump end pieces.Rooks move horizontally or vertically any variety of squares. They are unable come jump end pieces. Rooks relocate when the king castles.Bishops move diagonally any number of squares. They are unable come jump over pieces.Knights move in an ‘L’ shape’: two squares in a horizontal or vertical direction, then relocate one square horizontally or vertically. They are the only piece able to run over various other pieces.Pawns move vertically front one square, with the option to relocate two squares if they have not yet moved. Pawns are the just piece to catch different to how they move. The pawns capture one square diagonally in a front direction. Pawns room unable to move backward on records or moves. Upon getting to the various other side the the plank a pawn disclosure into any type of other piece, other than for a king. Additionally, pawns deserve to make a special move named En Passant.

After you have learned the chess pieces’ names and also how they move you will desire to begin playing games and also getting much better at chess. Be sure you bookmark ours blog, as you have the right to learn a lot much more about chess native the countless informative articles.


Frequently inquiry Questions

Is chess daunting to learn?

Chess is straightforward to learn, yet it takes a lifetime to master. Lots of human being learn chess, however, couple of master the game and also it is this difficulty that attractive many human being to it.

You deserve to learn how the pieces move and also the rule of the video game in a few minutes.

How do you victory in chess in 2 moves?

Winning a chess game it two moves requires a lot of participation from her opponent. White needs to breakthrough the f-pawn and g-pawn top top the very first two moves.

For example, 1.f4 e6 2.g4 Qh4#

What are the 16 piece in chess called?

Eight that the sixteen pieces are called pawns, two room rooks, two are knights, two room bishops, one is a queen, and one a king.

Is chess a sport?

Yes and also no.

The correctly – Some people argue chess is a sport since it is similar to archery and golf in regards to concentration.


The No – The dictionary defines sport as “An activity involving physics exertion and skill in i beg your pardon an individual or team competes versus another or others because that entertainment”. In light of this strict meaning of a sport, we should conclude chess is no a sport, due to the fact that there is no a most physical exertion.

How carry out I get great at chess?

Getting an excellent at chess entails a lot of learning and also practice. Remember, friend can uncover a many of useful chess maintain courses and books in ~ perfect for every levels the chess players.

Another very great way come get good at chess is to have actually lessons with a coach.

Can I learn chess because that free?

There are many websites where you can learn to play chess for free online. One an extremely popular and cost-free website is

How perform you start a chess game?

According to the rules of chess, that is possible to start the video game by moving a pawn or a knight.

Although there are a complete of twenty possible very first moves, there space only 4 main opened moves. This moves space 1.e4, 1.d4, 1.c4, and also 1.Nf3.

Chess Is a game for Everybody

Almost every human being in the civilization knows the well known board game of chess! However, plenty of look at the chessboard and also feel totally overwhelmed, reasoning that the is a game only because that extraordinarily clever people and a video game they could never understand.

They look in ~ the black and white chessboard, see 32 chess pieces that they don’t understand the names of, and also have no idea what to do with them.

If you’re curious around chess, we want to end your confusion and also show you that finding out to pat chess isn’t something to be afraid of!

Therefore, we will carry out you with the an easy rules of chess, tell girlfriend the chess pieces’ names, show you just how the piece move, and some other crucial information for anyone who wants to start playing chess!

Before we begin with every the chess rules around the pieces, we have actually some simple facts for you. The chessboard consists of 64 squares, fifty percent of lock visibly white, the other half black.

Each player has 6 different types of pieces. Here are the chess pieces’ names and also the number of each piece: 8 pawns, 2 rooks, 2 knights, 2 bishops, a queen and the most crucial one – the king!


At the start of the game, we uncover 32 piece on the chessboard, half of them are white, and the other half black.

All with each other they cover half of the entirety chessboard and also each side tries to usage them successfully to checkmate the opponent’s king.

Now that you recognize the chess pieces’ names, we can move on come the really crucial question. How do all those chess piece move?

The Pawn


Each player has 8 pawns in ~ the start of the video game situated in former of the various other 8 pieces. The pawn is one of the most underestimated chess pieces.

The two factors for this room it is quite little and you have plenty of lock on the board.

But it is a fatal mistake, some famed chess football player even speak to them “the heart of chess”. One factor for that is having reached the various other side that the board, they can obtain promoted. You deserve to transform lock into any type of other piece except for the king.

Pawns have the fewest alternatives of movement of every the pieces, yet on their first move, they have actually the choice to go one or two squares forward. Top top all other moves, a pawn have the right to only walk one square straight forward.

The exemption to this is as soon as pawns record the opponent’s chess pieces – then they move forward one square diagonally. Moreover, over there is one exceptional dominance for pawn moves which is called “en passant”. You deserve to read all around this chess dominion in this article:En Passant Pawn capture Rule.

Let4 time Women’s world Chess Champion GM Susan Polgar assist you find out all around chess pawns.

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At the start of any type of game, you have actually 2 pieces resembling towers sit in the corners that the chessboard.

In the chess world, us name this item a rook. A rook is a very an important piece gift worth as much as 4 come 5 pawns, v a broad reach.

The activity is the easiest to learn of every pieces. Rooks can go forward, backward, to the left, or come the right. The course, the rook can not adjust directions in the very same move.

Rooks can move any variety of squares in the favored direction unless blocked by an additional piece. The knight, up next, is the only piece that deserve to jump over a piece.

The Knight

The chess pieces which look like tiny horses are named knights. These chess pieces are the minor pieces in the chess game. In the beginning, they stand inside the rooks and also their value is same to 3 pawns.

This chess piece, sometimes called “horse”, has a rather mysterious way of relocating on the plank which can puzzle beginners just start to discover the chess rules. The article is the only piece that deserve to jump over other pieces.

It move in an L-shape over the squares. This means that this chess piece first moves two squares in one direction (to the left, to the right, back- or forwards) and then one square right into a horizontal or vertical direction. If the sounds confusing, don’t concern – just check the diagram on the right.

Of course, that is also possible to move in the same shape in turning back – the knight deserve to move one square into any direction (but no diagonally) first, and also then across or down two squares.Try drawing with her finger a three-squared L-shape ~ above the board.

Take a look in ~ the diagram above showing how the article moves, and also you will notice something exciting. The knight always moves come a square of the opposite color.

This one-of-a-kind piece have the right to only move to eight squares while that is stand in the center of the board.

GM Damian Lemos is just one of the most well-known coaches and presenters at Below he presents a game between two solid players indigenous the early 1900s. See exactly how much you have the right to learn indigenous watching the game. Then check to see just how much friend learned by reading the remainder of this much information article.

Why perform We speak “A items on the pickled in salt Is Dim?”

When that is stand on the leaf of the board, the knight deserve to only reach four squares or half that number. That’s why friend will regularly hear human being say, “A knight on the pickled in salt is dim.”

Although it deserve to not move as much as other pieces, the article is an extremely useful in positions with many pieces. In light of the knight’s capacity to jump end a piece. Hence making it great in a blocked, or closed, position.

Although the knight cannot cover as plenty of squares as various other pieces, that is very useful for various kinds that tactical chess motifs in your games. This is what provides this chess piece notably precious.

The knight is a tricky piece and even intermediary players discover it challenging to save track that the risks a knight can pose. Learn from Susan Polgar just how to acquire the many from this item with the unusual move pattern.

You can learn a lot around all the pieces and also much more in her wonderful keys of Chess Strategy course because that beginners.

The various other minor piece in the video game are chess pieces v the surname bishops. They sit beside the chess piece we named knights and, just as with the knights, they room worth 3 pawns every (some grandmasters would value them at around 3.3 pawns because of how powerful they deserve to be in open positions).

Happily, the motion of the bishop chess piece, which to be originally named the elephant, is far easier than the knight.

The bishop is the ruler over the diagonals the the chessboard. One of them is light-squared, the other one is dark-squared.

When there room no various other pieces in your way, bishops have the right to move in any direction diagonally, as plenty of squares together desired.

They have the right to capture any piece along the diagonals, and also as they deserve to reach so plenty of squares (they deserve to move native one finish of the board appropriate to the various other in one move), they can prove very useful, specifically when working in tandem.

In tandem, the 2 bishops covering the black and also white squares of the chessboard.

When you have one bishop, you deserve to only cover fifty percent of the squares.

This is due to the fact that the bishop just moves top top the shade of its beginning square.

Your opponent can take benefit of this by place his pieces on squares of the contrary color. Currently your bishop cannot strike his pieces.

Because each bishop is restricted to squares that one color, it helps if you ar your pawns ~ above opposite-colored squares. This permits your bishop come move much more freely across the chessboard.

How To choose A Chess board – A Step-By-Step Guide

The Queen

The Queen, through a crown on her head, is (besides the king!) the most necessary and powerful piece in the video game of chess. Each player has actually just one queen and also she is precious 9 pawns!

The queen sits next to the bishop – on the main square the matches the piece’s color (a black color queen start on the black color square in the center of all the various other pieces, a white queen on a white square).

As she has the widest reach of every pieces, she can become the most dangerous member the the game for her opponents. That is necessary to protect her and use her effectively at the very same time.

For many players, the loss of the queen means the loss of the entirety game. So, constantly be careful with her Queen as she is unique.

She deserve to move in any type of direction and also any variety of squares. The one thing she can’t do is jump over other pieces. The Queen can capture any type of of the opponent’s pieces that space in her way.

This piece is really useful for various kinds of tactics and attacks. Be cautious not to carry your queen out right into the open up too soon. The queen is such a an important piece she will shortly come under strike from the opponent’s pieces.

Although the queen is a powerful attacking piece in the video game of chess, carry out not underestimate her abilities to help you store your king safe.

Keeping the queen close to her king aids in his defense, yet the queen can defend from long-range too.

As long as there is an open path come the king, the queen have the right to act together a defender from across the chessboard.

This path can be in a straight line or diagonal because the queen have the right to travel in every directions!

The King

The King is the most crucial piece in any kind of chess game. That is placed next come the Queen, wearing a overcome on his head. A king is worth endless pawns and the stays of every your other pieces. When you checkmate the opponent’s King, the video game is over and also you bring home a victory!

Thus, that is an essential to keep your king for sure and try to undermine the opponents’. The king is restricted in his movement. Surprisingly, this chess item with the regal name has actually a limited range.

He can move simply one square in any direction, but only if the isn’t placed in check by doing so.

Check in the video game of chess is as soon as the king is under attack by an opponent piece and also in peril of being recorded on the next move.

There space three means to attend to a check. These are:

capture the attacking piece,block the check with one of your pieces, therefore the king is shielded,or move the king come a square where he no under attack.

When nobody of these choices is available, climate the inspect becomes checkmate, and the game is over.

You can not move one more piece in chess while your king is in check, other than to block the inspect or catch the attack piece. This threat need to be dealt with first.

Sometimes the happens the your king is no in check yet doesn’t have actually a safe square to relocate to. Once this happens, and also you can’t move one more piece, it’s referred to as a stalemate, and also the game is drawn.

Knowing once your king cannot relocate is really important. This permits you to use a dead end to draw a game also if you have actually less material. This is a typical tactic at the finish of a chess game.

Besides, the square the king desires to walk to mustn’t be lived in by any kind of other of your piece (only one item can ever before occupy a square). The king deserve to participate in a unique move dubbed “castling”. As soon as you castle, you simultaneously move your king and also one of her rooks.

Thereby, you move the king two squares in the direction of your rook and then relocate the rook come the square end which the king overcome (be certain to do it in this bespeak – if you move your rook first, it’s counted as a normal rook move and you’ll lose the opportunity to castle). In chess, there are two types of castling:

Castling on the kingside (often referred to as castling short)And castling on the queenside (often called castling long)

Castling could sound facility in theory, however let’s see exactly how easy that is in practice:

However, there are a variety of rules once castling is feasible and when not. You deserve to only castle, if:

Your king has not relocated in the game yet.Your king is no in check.The king does no castle v a square which is managed by an opponent’s piece.The king is not in check after castling.The rook has actually not been moved in the game yet.

Now the you know exactly how the pieces move it is time to learn how to start your chess games. Many thanks to his countless years the playing and coaching chess GM Damian Lemos is the perfect grandmaster to help you start your trip to coming to be a star chess player.

Enjoy the next video from his food The tricks to Mastering Chess Openings which is tailor-made for beginners.

Since we’re happy come share what us know, you’ll be happy to recognize that over there are much more special rules v these piece you must recognize going into your following match. By click the link, you’ll discover more chess pawn moves, the brand-new 75-move rule, and also more!

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