The English meaning of Cruz is Cross. The name Cruz is that Portuguese,Spanish origin. over there are numerous indicators the the surname Cruz may be the Jewish origin, emanating from the Jewish neighborhoods of Spain and also Portugal.

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When the Romans overcame the Jewish country in 70 CE, much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the roman inn Empire. Numerous were sent out to the Iberian Peninsula. The around 750,000 Jews life in Spain in the year 1492 to be banished indigenous the country by imperial decree of Ferdinand and also Isabella. The Jews the Portugal, to be banished several years later. Reprieve native the banishment decrees was promised to those Jews that converted to Catholicism. Though part converted by choice, most of these New-Christian counter were referred to as CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (a derogatory term for converts meaning pigs in Spanish), ANUSIM (meaning "coerced ones" in Hebrew) and also CRYPTO-JEWS, as they secretly continued to exercise the tenets of the Jewish faith.

Our study has discovered that the family members name Cruz is cited v respect come Jews & Crypto-Jews in at least 5 bibliographical, documentary, or electronic references:

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Raizes Judaicas No Brasil,(Jewish roots in Brazil) by Flavio Mendes de Carvalho.

This publication contains surname of brand-new Christians or Brazilians life in Brazil condemned by the Inquisition in the 17th and 18th centuries, together taken from the archives of Torre carry out Tombo in Lisbon. Many times details including day of birth, occupation, surname of parents, age, and location of domicile are likewise included. The list additionally includes the names of the family members of the victims. There room several cases in which many members of the same family members were tortured and also sentenced so some household lines may end here.

See more: Shuckling: Why Do Orthodox Jews Rock When They Pray ? Why Do Jews Rock When They Pray

A Origem Judaica dos Brasileiros (The beginning of The Brazilian Jews), through Jose Geraldo Rodrigues de Alckmin Filho

This publication consists of a list of 517 Sephardic family members punished by the inquisition in Portugal and Brazil.

Ruth Reyes, "Sephardic family members Names native Puerto Rico", The Casa Shalom Journal, Volume 10, released by The Institute because that Marrano-Anusim Studies, Gan Yavneh, Israel 2008

This perform is compiled from a catalogue the author found ~ above a visit come Puerto Rico in the Museum of san Juan.

The Abarbanel structure Website, "Reintegrating the shed Jews that Spain & Portugal"

List of surname of forcibly convert Jews who were do the efforts by the Spanish Inquisition because that practicing Judaism in Mexico in the year 1528 - 1815

Around the 12th century, surnames began to become common in Iberia. In Spain, wherein Arab-Jewish influence was significant, these new names maintained their old initial structure, therefore that countless of the Jewish surnames were of Hebrew derivation. Rather were directly related to geographical locations and were acquired as result of the compelled wanderings caused by exile and persecution. Other family members names were a result of conversion, as soon as the family accepted the surname of their Christian sponsor. In countless cases, the Portuguese Jews be affected by each other surnames of pure Iberian/Christian origin. Plenty of names have been adjusted in the course of hike from country to country. In yet other instances "aliases", or totally brand-new names, were embraced due to fear of persecution through the Inquisition.

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household names space not the just indicator because that determining feasible Jewish ancestry

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