: a bluish variable star that the second magnitude that develops the right shoulder the the constellation Orion as checked out from the ground and also is the third brightest star in that constellation returning to Canterbury: the new data, gathered in a second visit, are accurate. That is mine present id that Bellatrix was the celestial thing so that the derived dates are contemporary with Stonehenge.— Lyle B. Borst, Science, 23 Jan. 1970

— called likewise Gamma Orionis

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History and Etymology because that Bellatrix

borrowed from medieval Latin, initially a name for the star α Aurigae, literally, “female warrior,” going ago to Latin bellātrīx, native bellāre “to fairy war” (derivative that bellum “war”) + -trīx, feminine agentive suffix

Note: The genesis the this surname is complicated and in numerous points obscure. Its money in european star catalogues together a surname for γ Orionis dates only from a Latin execution of the Alfonsine Tables (a set of expensive tables compiled by bespeak of the Castilian king Alfonso X in ca. 1263-76) printed in Venice by john Lucilius Santritter in 1492. Originally, however, Bellatrix (as well together the masculine kind Bellator) was attached to an entirely different star, α Aurigae (see capella ). The name first appears in a star list consisted of in the Latin translation of one astrological writing (Kitāb al-nukat <“Book of Subtleties”>, in Latin Flores astrologiae, literally, “Flowers of Astrology”) through the Persian-born Islamic writer Abū Ma‘shar al-Balkhī (died 886). The straightforward Latin translate in text, attributed to man of Seville/Johannes Hispalensis (12th century), excludes the name, yet it is uncovered in an increased version that the list in three manuscripts the the 14th and also 15th century (see Paul Kunitzsch, “Abū Ma‘šar, john Hispalensis und Alkameluz,” Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, vol. 120 (1970), pp. 103-25). Again, in the compilation Epitome totius astrologiae (“Summary of all Astrology”) by john of Seville, extant in 2 14th-century manuscripts and also a printed version (Nuremberg, 1548), α Aurigae is named Bellator, literally, “warrior” (called also, in a marginal note in the 1548 version, Hircus, “male goat” and also Alhaioth, based on the Arabic surname for the star, al-‘ayyūq). Whether Bellator is a translation—or mistranslation—of a word in John’s Arabic source, or has actually some other origin is uncertain. The transfer of the name Bellatrix/Bellator come γ Orionis seems to have been made by adherents that the Vienna school of astronomy led by john von Gmunden (ca. 1380-1442) (for recommendations to manuscript events see P. Kunitzsch, Typen von Sternverzeichnissen in astronomischen Handschriften des zehnten bis vierzehnten Jahrhunderts, Wiesbaden, 1966, p. 11, 115). May be a name meaning “warrior” would be much more appropriate come a star in Orion than in Auriga, specifically given that α Aurigae had actually other names much more in line with tradition. From the Vienna institution Bellatrix as a surname for γ Orionis uncovered its means into the 1492 edition of the Alphonsine Tables. (The idea the Bellatrix is a Latin translate into of the Arabic name al-nājid, promulgated by R.H. Allen, Star-Names and also Their Meanings, p. 313, is specious; cf.

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Kunitzsch, Arabische Sternnamen in Europa, Wiesbaden, 1959, p. 148-49.)