news Hockey"s "hat trick" traces roots to cricket

Term for player scoring three purposes in video game popularized in throughout 1940s

by john Kreiser

It"s been 100 years since the season began with 4 hat tip in season-opening games, which occurred on the an initial two nights the 2017-18. Yet when four players scored three or an ext goals ~ above Dec. 19, 1917, the very first night of play in league history, there were no hats flung come salute your accomplishments.

You are watching: What is a natural hat trick in hockey

That"s since when Joe Malone that the Montreal Canadiens, harry Hyland of the Montreal Wanderers, Cy Denneny the the Ottawa Senators and also Reg Noble that the Toronto Arenas every scored 3 or more goals 100 year ago, the hatchet "hat trick" had actually yet to be determined with hockey.

In contrast, Connor McDavid the the Edmonton Oilers, Wayne Simmonds that the Philadelphia Flyers, Brandon Saad of the Chicago Blackhawks and Alex Ovechkin that the Washington capitals could have had actually their pick of hats after each scoring three purposes in your season openers because the ax "hat trick" is now firmly ensconced in hockey"s lexicon.

Video: CGY
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However, the very first hat trick in reality took place in a cricket match.

In 1858, bowler H.H. Stephenson, play for one all-England squad against a team native Hallam, south Yorkshire, took 3 consecutive wickets in ~ Hyde Park Cricket Grounds in Sheffield -- an interpretation that the hit the wood stakes behind the batter three consecutive times. A collection was taken up and also used come buy a hat that was gift to Stephenson in acknowledgment of his accomplishment.

A hat trick together hockey fans understand it comes as soon as a player scores three purposes in a game, typically earning the a cascade the hats thrown ~ above the ice cream by fans (especially if the player is ~ above the house team). A natural hat trick is as soon as a player scores three consecutive purposes in a game.

But there space conflicting stories regarding how the term ended up being popularized in professional hockey.

Though "hat trick" was provided in some newspapers throughout the 1930s and early 1940s to explain a player scoring three goals in a game, the Hockey room of Fame says the genesis of the term came as soon as a Toronto businessman called Sammy Taft promoted his business by giving a hat to any player that scored three goals during an game in Toronto.

Alex Kaleta, a speedy forward v the Chicago black color Hawks (two words in ~ the time), went into Taft"s shop on Jan. 26, 1946, and also took a liking come a fedora but, the story goes, that didn"t have enough money come buy it. Taft available Kaleta the hat for free if Kaleta score three objectives that night against the Toronto Maple Leafs.

Kaleta did that, and then some; that scored 4 goals in a 6-5 loss in ~ Maple sheet Gardens. Someday - and a many media fist to "Alex Kaleta"s cap trick" later - the cap was his.

"There to be no rhyme or reason to it," Taft called The Hockey News in 1992. "I just, for part reason, said "You go the end there and score three objectives tonight and I"ll give you the hat." certain enough, he went the end there and also knocked in three goals."

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A Montreal men"s cap store called Henri Henri speak a tells a comparable story. Between 1950 and 1970, that rewarded football player who had actually scored three objectives in a game at the Forum through a cost-free hat. The store claims Hockey hall of Famers Maurice Richard, Elmer Lach, Bobby Hull and also Stan Mikita are amongst those that won a hat throughout that time.

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Hats aren"t the men"s fashion accessory castle were earlier then, but the principle of the cap trick is here to stay.