element 14 of routine table is Silicon v atomic number 14, atomic load 28.0855. Silicon, prize Si, has a Tetrahedral pack structure and also Gray color. Silicon is a metalloid element. Trivial name of Silicon is tetrels, crystallogens. Understand everything around Silicon Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.
Silicon is a chemical aspect with symbol Si and also atomic number 14. That is a tetravalent metalloid, much more reactive 보다 germanium, the metalloid directly below it in the table. Controversy about silicon"s character days to that discovery.
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Read vital information and also facts around element Silicon
|team in periodic Table||14|
|Group Name||carbon family|
|period in regular Table||3|
|Block in regular Table||p-block|
|Melting point||1414 °C|
|Boiling allude||2.9×103 °C|
|Electronic shell Structure||<2, 8, 4>|
How to situate Silicon on routine Table
Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i beg your pardon is exact same as variety of electrons. The atomic number boosts from left to right. Regular table starts at optimal left ( atom number 1) and ends in ~ bottom ideal (atomic number 118). As such you can straight look because that atomic number 14 to uncover Silicon on regular table.
Another way to read routine table and also locate an aspect is through using group number (column) and duration number (row). To locate Silicon on routine table look for cross section of team 14 and period 3 in the contemporary periodic table.
discover Interactive routine Table come Understand and also Learn Cool patterns
Table that Contents
Atomic & orbital Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Compare Silicon with other elements
The aspect Silicon was uncovered by Jöns Jacob Berzelius in year 1824 in Sweden . Silicon obtained its name from the Latin silex, "flint" (originally silicium)
Silicon Presence: variety in Nature and also Around Us
The table below shows the diversity of Silicon in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.
|diversity in universe||0.0007|
|abundance in sunlight||0.0009|
|abundance in Meteorites||0.14|
|Abundance in Earth"s tardy||0.27|
|abundance in oceans||1e-06|
|variety in humans||0.00026|
Crystal framework of Silicon
The hard state framework of Silicon is Tetrahedral Packing.
The decision structure deserve to be explained in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats chin in three dimensional an are to kind the structure.
Unit cabinet Parameters
The unit cell is stood for in regards to its lattice parameters, which room the lengths of the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).
The location of the atoms within the unit cell are explained by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.
The symmetry nature of the crystal are explained by the concept of room groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of corpuscle in three-dimensional space are explained by the 230 room groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.
|an are Group name||Fd_ 3m|| |
|space Group Number||227|
|Crystal framework||Tetrahedral Packing|
Silicon Atomic and Orbital Properties
Silicon atoms have 14 electrons and the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 4> v Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P0.
|Number of electron (with no charge)||14|
|Number of Protons||14|
|Number of Neutrons||14|
|Shell framework (Electrons per energy level)||<2, 8, 4>|
|Valence Electrons||3s2 3p2|
|Oxidation State||-4;-3;-2;-1 1;2;3;4|
|Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||3P0|
Shell structure of Silicon - electron per energy level
Ground State electronic Configuration that Silicon - neutral Silicon atomThe floor state electronic configuration that Neutral Silicon atom is
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Unabbreviated digital configuration of neutral Silicon
Complete floor state digital configuration for the Silicon atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2
Atomic structure of Silicon
Silicon atom radius is 111 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 111 pm.
|atomic Radius|| |
111 afternoon (1.11 Å)
Silicon chemical Properties: Silicon Ionization Energies and electron affinity
The electron affinity the Silicon is 133.6 kJ/mol
Ionization energy of Silicon
Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies of Silicon
Silicon physics Properties
Refer to listed below table for Silicon physical Properties
Silicon is Semiconductor that electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties that Silicon
Silicon Heat and Conduction Properties
Silicon Magnetic Properties
Optical properties of Silicon
Acoustic properties of Silicon
Silicon heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer to table listed below for heat properties the Silicon
Enthalpies the Silicon
Silicon isotopes - nuclear Properties the Silicon
Isotopes of rhodium. Naturally developing Silicon has actually 3 steady isotope - 28Si, 29Si, 30Si.
Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
perform of distinctive identifiers to find the element in assorted chemical it is registered databases
Compare Silicon through all Group 14 elementsSilicon vs Carbon Silicon vs Germanium Silicon vs tin Silicon vs lead Silicon vs Flerovium
Compare Silicon v all metalloid elementsSilicon vs Boron Silicon vs Germanium Silicon vs Arsenic Silicon vs Antimony Silicon vs Tellurium Silicon vs Polonium