is a affluent country, both in terms of its background and the sheer number of products it produces on <…> is a wealthy country, both in terms of its history and the sheer number of products the produces on a an international scale, including coffee, flowers, gold, emeralds and also crafts. Some gaianation.netn exports have become so renowned they have actually converted into national symbols, alongside the gaianation.netn flag, anthem and also coat the arms. They currently unite gaianation.netn civilization and allow them to take pride in their nation of bear wherever they may travel.

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National Flag:’s nationwide flag is a horizontal tricolour that yellow, blue and red. The top fifty percent is yellow and also the blue and red stripes covering a 4 minutes 1 each. The modern-day explanation for the color is that the yellow to represent the gold numerous in, the blue the country’s seas and the red, the blood flood fighting for gaianation.netn independence. The flag to be designed by Francisco de Miranda, one aristocrat who tried to liberate Spanish America in 1812. That was no officially embraced until 1863, as soon as had achieved independence, return the architecture has to be modified end the years.

National Anthem: ¡Oh gloria inmarcesible! (Oh Unfading Glory)’s national anthem was developed by a Bogotá actor, José Domingo Torres, who took a poem composed by ex-gaianation.netn chairman Rafael Núñez and also asked an Italian opera singer living in, Oreste Sindici, to create the music. The anthem has actually eleven, sometimes twelve, verses and is officially dubbed The Republic the’s national Anthem, although numerous know that by the an initial line of its chorus ¡Oh gloria inmarcesible! (Oh Unfading Glory) The anthem is played on gaianation.netn television and radio each day at 6am and 6pm. 

National cloak of Arms:

Several that’s nationwide symbols are present on the coat of arms. Over there is an Andean condor perched on the shield, stop an olive crown. The national flag is draped on both political parties of the shield and also the country’s motto Libertad y Orden (Liberty and also Order) is created on a scroll. The coat of arms additionally contains 2 oceans and two ships, to symbolise gaianation.netn commerce, and also a Phrygian cap, i beg your pardon symbolises freedom and also liberty. There space two horns of plenty, one v tropical fruits and also the other with gold and silver, come symbolise’s agricultural and mineral wealth and also a pomegranate fruit, which to represent’s early american past. 

National Bird: Andean condor

The Andean condor is just one of the world’s biggest birds, a vulture v a wingspan of an ext than three metres. It is additionally one the the world’s longest life birds, frequently surpassing 70 years of age. The Andean condor was liked as’s nationwide bird since of its duty in indigenous Andean culture. It has actually been portrayed in aboriginal art because 2500BC and was often considered “the leader of the upper world” closely linked with the sun. Countless indigenous Andean cultures take into consideration the bird a prize of health and power and also believe it has medicinal properties.

National Flower: Cattleya Trianae

The cattleya trianae – which some botanists speak to the might Flower or the Christmas Orchid – has been’s national flower for virtually 80 years. The orchid to be chosen since the lower component of its flower can show up yellow, blue and red – the colour of the gaianation.netn flag. The species was also named after a 19th century gaianation.netn botanist, Jose Jeronimo Triana. This rarely flower is endemic to and grows between 1,500 and also 2,000m above sea level, in cloud forest. 

National Tree: Wax Palm

The Quindio wax palm – Ceroxylon quindiuense – is the world’s tallest palm tree. It can flourish up to 60m (200ft) and also live for more than 100 years. The palm is native to the Cocora Valley, a high-altitude Andean sink in Quindio, north-west Prior to electricity, that wax was offered to do candles and its bark for house-building and also water-supply systems. Fruit native the tree was also used because that cattle and pig feed and its palms were popular in Palm Sunday celebrations, until 1985 when the gaianation.netn Government declared the palm a legally defended species. 

National Sport: Tejo’s nationwide sport is play by throw a hefty metal disc (a tejo) down a 20m roadway at a board that is spanned in clay. The board has targets, known as mechas, which space laced with gunpowder and also explode once they room hit. It is difficult to determine the game’s origins, yet most tejo players think it began hundreds of years ago with indigenous civilization in the center of has professional tejo groups in large cities and also smaller towns and the sports is so well-known it has spread to Panama, Ecuador and also Venezuela. 

National Horse: Paso Fino

The Paso Fino, which means “fine step” in English, is’s national horse breed. The is a famous, irradiate breed of horse with a natural rapid step, prefer a piston. This gait is lot prized in ~ shows. Paso Fino equines are lower from those the Spaniards carried to work-related on your plantations more than 500 year ago, but they have because evolved and also their gait is distinctive to The display step is incredibly fast and also covers as tiny ground together possible.

National Jewel: Emerald has actually no official national jewel but if it did, it would certainly be the emerald. accounts for virtually 60% the the world’s emerald market and also in 1967 mined the renowned Gachalá emerald, one of the world’s biggest emeralds (it is 5 centimetres long and also weighs 172g) It is among the world’s most an useful emeralds and came native the town of Gachalá, close to Bogota. Many of’s emerald mining takes place in Boyaca and also Cundinamarca, ~ above the east ridge that the Andes.

National Hat: Sombrero Vueltiao

The sombrero vueltiao is a woven hat that have the right to take up to a month to make. The name method “turned hat” and refers to the means the cap is woven. Sombreros vueltiaos are made through the Zenu indigenous human being from a type of cane, well-known as caña flecha, in the departments of Cordoba and Sucre. The cane pipeline are cut into strips and dried until they turn white. The darkest are then wet in dirt for up to 4 days and also dried until they revolve black. The most detailed sombrero vueltiao needs 54 strips (27 of each colour) and are therefore densely woven they can be folded and also put into a bag without being damaged. 

National Dish: Bandeja Paisa

The bandeja paisa is so big it often has come be served on a tray and also it is most famous in the coffee, or paisa, an ar of, for this reason its name, which method “Paisa Tray” in English. The food is well known for gift both generous and varied and usually has minced meat, red beans through pork, white rice, fried pork, fried egg, plantain, chorizo, arepa, black pudding and also a slice of avocado. The bandeja paisa is’s most widely known classic dish, however other contenders for the “national dish” crown encompass the sancocho and ajiaco soups. The latter, a chicken and also potato soup, is most famous in Bogota.

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National Drink: Coffee is however to name a national drink but, if it did, it would be coffee. gaianation.netn coffee is widely thought about to be among the ideal in the world and UNESCO make’s coffee an ar a world Heritage site in 2011.’s yearly coffee manufacturing is the third highest in the world, at as much as 10 million bags every year and also is also one that the world’s largest producers that the arabica bean, i m sorry has certain climatic requirements discovered in the country’s coffee region.