Identifying the Boundaries
Europeans referred to as the western Hemisphere the brand-new World. South America is the realm consisting of the southern portion of the brand-new World. This realm contains the whole continent of south America, i beg your pardon is smaller in physics area 보다 North America. As a continent, south America is larger in physical area than Europe, Antarctica, or Australia yet is smaller in physics area than Africa or Asia. The south American continent is located farther east than north America and also is smaller sized in physics area. Practically the whole landmass of southern America lies come the eastern of the exact same meridian that runs v Miami, Florida. The Atlantic Ocean borders the continent to the east and the Pacific Ocean borders the continent top top the west. The small Isthmus that Panama create a organic break in between the southern American continent and its next-door neighbors to the north. The Caribbean Sea create the north boundary.
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The continent consist of an extensive range of latitude. The equator cuts v the northern part of the continent directly through the mouth that the mighty Amazon River. The nation of Ecuador is situated on the equator—hence that name. The equatorial region is overcame by the tropical climates the the enormous Amazon Basin. The Tropic that Capricorn runs directly through the latitude that São Paulo, Brazil, and also Chile’s Atacama Desert, which reveals that many of the continent is in the zone of the tropics to the north. South of the Tropic that Capricorn is the Southern Cone of south America, home to the physical regions of the Pampas and Patagonia. Tierra del Fuego is the southern pointer of the realm with are in both Argentina and Chile. ~ above the southern side the the Tierra del Fuego archipelago is Cape Horn, i beg your pardon is taken into consideration the most southern land suggest of the continent. The Diego Ramírez Islands south of Cape Horn note the southerly boundary of southern America.
A number of noted island teams are commonly affiliated with the physical region of south America. The Galapagos Islands space territorially a component of the nation of Ecuador. The Falkland Islands, regularly referred to as the Malvinas, are located off the southern shore of Argentina. They room physically connected with south America yet are administered and also controlled by good Britain together an overseas territory. Argentina has asserted the Falkland Islands and also has battled good Britain for them. Chile controls the provided Easter Island and also the Robinson Crusoe Island in the Pacific Ocean. Various islands in the Lesser Antilles the the Caribbean—such as the dutch islands the Aruba, Curacao, and Bonaire—are sometimes associated with south America since of their proximity come the continent. Lock are had in ar 5.4 "The Caribbean" on the Caribbean and are more often linked with middle America.
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Figure 6.1 south America: politics Map the the Countries and also Various physics Regions
The key two physical features of southern America are the Andes Mountains and also the Amazon River.