Early Indian government

Nobody knows what Indian federal government was favor in the Harappan period. Most likely they had actually a king over each city, the way West Asia did at this time. Probably they had some queens, the way Egypt did.

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The caste system

But about 1500 BC, there to be an Indo-European invasion. At some time after that, the government seems to have divided up all of the people in India into castes. We recognize this native the Rig Veda.

What is the caste system?What’s the Rig Veda?Who to be the Indo-Europeans?

Brahmin men control power


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These punch-marked silver- coins might be from the time of Chandragupta I


Only guys from the highest possible caste – the Brahmins – could be rulers in the government, or also ministers or clerks in the government. These guys tried to keep women out of power, too. Most of India was still split into small kingdoms. Each kingdom still had its very own king.

India’s very first empires

Starting in the 300s BC, few of these kings formed larger empires in India, specifically in the north. During the 300s BC, Chandragupta conquered a many northern India and also made it into one big empire. Chandragupta’s Mauryan Empire lasted until about 200 BC.

More around the Mauryan EmpireWhat is one empire?

Medieval Indian empires


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Rajaraja Chola, king native 985 – 1012 AD


But climate the small kingdoms that India regained their independence. The exact same thing taken place again in 319 AD, when Chandragupta II developed the Guptan Empire. And then in 455 the Guptan Empire also collapsed. After that, the most important kingdom in India was the Chola kingdom. The Chola ruled all of south India and east India along the coast.

Then in the 1100s advertisement the Abbasids invaded and also made northern India part the the Islamic Empire, under the Delhi Sultanate. Meanwhile the Pandyas take it over southern India. So throughout the medieval period, India went back and forth in between being ruled by tiny kings and also queens and also being rule by larger empires.

All about the GuptansThe Chola kingdomThe Delhi SultanateAnd the Pandyas

Within the Mauryan and Guptan empires, and in the Chola kingdom, the kings and queens appointed a the majority of administrators to assist them govern. The realms were split into numerous smaller provinces. Each district had a branch to rule it. That’s the same as in the previously Persian Empire or in Ch’in and Han dynasty China about the very same time.

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Government that the Persian EmpireEarly China’s government

Within every province, the governors had councils of ministers to advise them. The governors sent out tax collectors to collection an revenue tax and custom duties. (That’s a taxation on something you carried into the kingdom to sell.)

How go taxes work?

Other officials maintained track that birth and death records, and also the federal government budget. But all of these governors were controlled by the king. And the king kept a standing army of countless soldiers in case any type of of his governors rebelled.

Learn by doing: A Ramayana projectMore about Ancient India

Bibliography and also further reading about ancient Indian government: