Struggle for Compensation

The human being War changed Compensation plot of 1924, popularly recognized as the “Bonus Act,” promised veterans compensation for salaries lost during their civilization War i service. Payments, however, were no going to it is in issued until 1945. In 1932, veterans and also their families, that were afflicted by long-term unemployment and also hunger wrought by the good Depression, came to Washington by the thousands to need their payments early. They collection up camps in vacant buildings and also along the Anacostia River. Although the home passed a bill providing the payments in June 1932, the Senate did not pass the measure. Irritable veterans refused to leave their encampments and also fought through the police until President Hoover bespeak the military to forcibly eliminate them. This footage, dated July 1932, reflects veterans gift evicted native buildings, tanks and cavalry patrolling the streets, tear gas gift used against the crowds, and also the burn of the veterans’ camps.

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Glenn Rupp offered as a residence Page native 1932 come 1936. Throughout his tenure top top the Capitol he saw a range of historic events including the 1932 Bonus March. In this 2005 interview that recounts the experience.


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Not all of the protesters went home, though. In 1933, an ext than 1,000 resided at a camp set up at adjacent Fort Hunt, Virginia. Representative Virginia Jenckes had just pertained to Congress, and also quickly aligned herself with the plight of the marchers. Here, she shows up in the news, “being acclaimed . . . After she make a speech in donate of cash payment of the soldiers’ bonus” in ~ the encampment. Return this certain situation shows up staged for the cameras, Jenckes made news for genuine actions in may of the year. A splinter group of self-proclaimed “conservatives” from the camp accused the larger team of being “Communist connected.” about 200 left ft Hunt and also returned to the streets of Washington, D.C. The Congresswoman made a personal plea come them to return to camp. As soon as they refused, she approached the Veterans" Bureau and asked because that leniency ~ above camp it is registered requirements, evidently a sticking point for the faction.

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This persuaded most that the rogue protesters to gain off the streets and return come the arranged camp. Three years later, in 1936, the Bonus Act lastly passed.