Rebecca Beatrice Brooks December 26, 2017 in march 7, 2020 2 comments on The Continental army in the Revolutionary War

The Continental army fought because that the 13 swarms in the Revolutionary War.

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The army served for the entire eight years of the Revolutionary War, indigenous 1775-1783, in phibìc America and also in the West Indies.

The complying with are part facts about the continent Army:

Why was the Continental army Formed?

When the American Revolution first began, the homesteaders didn’t have an army and instead relied top top militias in each swarm or increased temporary regiments during details crises such as the French and Indian war in 1754.

The local militias were no as skilled or as well-trained as the experienced British Army and also it quickly became obvious to the homesteaders that they needed their very own unified military if they to be to defeat the British and also their German allies.

On June 14, 1775, the continent Congress officially established the continent Army.


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George Washington accepting command the the continent Army, lithograph by Currier & Ives, circa 1876


On June 15, 1775, congress appointed George Washington, that was a veteran that the French and Indian War, together the Commander-in-Chief the the brand-new army.

How to be the Continental military Structured?

This very first establishment the the continental Army, indigenous 1775-1776, contained 10 companies of riflemen from Pennsylvania, Maryland and also Virginia who offered a one-year enlistment.

In addition to the 10 new companies, congress also embraced the existing 22,000 troops the had already been elevated by the nests of new Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut and were stationed outside Boston in the Siege of Boston.

These troops to be organized right into 39 regiments of infantry, one regiment that artillery and also one separate company of artillery.

Each regiment had a complete of eight companies and also 728 soldiers that were commanded by a colonel, a sublieutenant colonel and also a major.

Each company had a total of 90 soldiers who were commanded through a captain and also lieutenants, ensigns, or cornets.

The Continental army was likewise supplemented by neighborhood militias and also troops that stayed under the control of separation, personal, instance states.

When the one-year enlistment for the soldiers to be up in 1776, the continent Congress had to re-raise the army. This 2nd establishment of the continent Army, indigenous 1776-1777, included 27 regiments v eight suppliers in every regiment.

Towards the finish of 1776, when the British military began deploying vast forces that German soldiers come supplement their ranks, the Continental military found chin in desperate require of more soldiers.

As a result, in December that 1776, the continent Congress poll to drastically increase the variety of regiments in the army to around 120 and also required soldiers to enlist for the term of the battle (or at least three years.)

This resulted in the third establishment the the continental Army, indigenous 1777-1784, which contained 119 regiments through nine suppliers in each regiment.

Each state listed pay, food, shelter, clothing, arms, and other devices for each of their state regiments. Each state additionally had a quota, based upon their populace size, for the variety of soldiers they were compelled to raise.


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Uniforms and weapons that the continent Army, lithograph by Henry Alexander Ogden


Most that the Continental military was disbanded after ~ the contract of Paris finished the Revolutionary battle in 1783. The first and second Regiments walk on to kind the Legion the the United states in 1792 i m sorry later ended up being the structure of the united States army in 1796.

What benefits Did the Continental military Have?

The Continental army had a variety of advantages end the brother army. Their biggest benefit was that they were fighting because that a cool cause, their independence and freedom, which was a an extremely motivating factor.

In addition to this, the colonists also had a militia the was highly professional in guerrilla-style warfare, which the British to be unaccustomed to, and the Continental military was additionally fighting on its home turf so it knew the land, shortcuts, troubles areas and places come hide.

Although most of the soldiers to be inexperienced, the military fortunately had actually the leadership skills of George Washington to overview them. Washington was a veteran that the French and also Indian War and also was thought about a very skilled and talented military leader.

Later in the war, a number of different countries, an initial France and also then Spain and the dutch Republic, join the war as allies that the United states or allies of France and listed badly required funds, troops and supplies.

What Disadvantages walk the Continental army Face?

The continental Army likewise faced numerous disadvantages, such as a constant shortage of money, weapons, total powder, food, clothing and medicine.

Although the British army had the british government and the Crown to money them, the Americans had no such source of wide range to draw from in the beforehand days that the war and were constantly short ~ above money.

In the first few years of the war, the swarms had no allies to aid them and had to complement their little army with local militia regiments.

Also, the majority of the soldiers in the Continental military were mainly farmers and also had very tiny to no endure on the battlefield. This was a major disadvantage against the British military who were some of the many skilled and experienced soldiers in the world.

The continental soldiers additionally sometimes had to fight their neighbors and also fellow countrymen when they join the loyalist regiments in the british army.

What was the continent Army’s Strategy?

Many historians think the American’s strategy in the Revolutionary battle was the Fabian strategy which to be to stay the British military down by staying clear of decisive battles and dragging the battle out because that as lengthy as possible.

These historians argue the the Continental military knew they to be up against one the the most an effective armies in the human being so rather of trying come win, the Americans simply tried not to shed for as long as feasible in the really hopes that the British would tire that the war and also give up.


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“Surrender of Cornwallis in ~ Yorktown” by man Trumball circa 1819-20. Painting portraying the british surrendering come French and American troops in Yorktown.


Yet, plenty of other historians think the Americans had actually no real strategy in place and also were simply trying to survive. These chroniclers argue that this absence of emphasis resulted in plenty of military losses and also a needlessly lengthy war.

Weapons offered by the continental Army:

The Continental military used a selection of weapons which includes:

Flintlock musketsBritish short Land service Musket (aka Brown Bess musket)Charleville musketsAmerican-made musketsLong riflesBayonetsHalberdsSpontoons

Continental army Commanders in the Revolutionary War:

Commander in Chief: George Washington

Continental military Generals in the Revolutionary War:

Major general Artemas WardMajor general Charles LeeMajor general Philip SchuylerMajor general Israel PutnamBrigadier general John ThomasBrigadier general Richard MontgomeryBrigadier general David WoosterBrigadier general William HeathBrigadier general Joseph SpencerBrigadier general John SullivanBrigadier basic Nathaniel Greene

Continental army Regiments in the Revolutionary War:

1st Connecticut Regiment (1776-1783)2nd Connecticut Regiment (1776-1783)3rd Connecticut Regiment (1776-1783)4th Connecticut Regiment (1776-1783)5th Connecticut Regiment (1776-1783)6th Connecticut Regiment (1776-1781)7th Connecticut Regiment (1776-1781)8th Connecticut Regiment (1776-1781)9th Connecticut Regiment (1776-1781)

198th Signal Battalion in the Delaware nationwide Guard (1775-1783)1st Delaware Regiment (1776-1783)

1st Georgia Regiment (1775-1783)2nd Georgia Regiment (1776-1781)3rd Georgia Regiment (1776-1781)4th Georgia Regiment (1777-1781)

1st Maryland Regiment (1776-1783)2nd Maryland Regiment (1776-1783)3rd Maryland Regiment (1776-1783)4th Maryland Regiment (1776-1783)5th Maryland Regiment (1776-1783)6th Maryland Regiment (1776-1781)7th Maryland Regiment (1776-1781)

1st Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1783)2nd Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1783)3rd Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1783)4th Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1783)5th Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1783)6th Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1783)7th Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1783)8th Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1783)9th Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1777)10th Massachusetts Regiment (1776-1783)11th Massachusetts Regiment (1776-1781)12th Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1781)13th Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1781)14th Massachusetts Regiment (1775-1781)15th Massachusetts Regiment (1776-1781)16th Massachusetts Regiment (1777-1781)

1st brand-new Hampshire Regiment (1775-1784)2nd new Hampshire Regiment (1775-1783)3rd new Hampshire Regiment (1775-1781)

1st new Jersey Regiment (1775-1783)2nd brand-new Jersey Regiment (1775-1783)3rd new Jersey Regiment (1776-1781)4th new Jersey Regiment (1776-1789)

1st brand-new York Regiment (1775-1783)2nd new York Regiment (1775-1783)3rd brand-new York Regiment (1775-1780)4th new York Regiment (1775-1781)5th brand-new York Regiment (1777-1781)

1st north Carolina Regiment (1775-1783)2nd phibìc Carolina Regiment (1775-1783)3rd north Carolina Regiment (1776-1783)4th north Carolina Regiment (1776-1783)5th phibìc Carolina Regiment (1776-1783)6th phibìc Carolina Regiment (1776-1783)7th north Carolina Regiment (1776-1778)8th phibìc Carolina Regiment (1776-1778)9th phibìc Carolina Regiment (1776-1778)

1st Pennsylvania Regiment (1775-1783)2nd Pennsylvania Regiment (1775-1783)3rd Pennsylvania Regiment (1775-1783)4th Pennsylvania Regiment (1775-1783)5th Pennsylvania Regiment (1775-1783)6th Pennsylvania Regiment (1775-1783)7th Pennsylvania Regiment (1776-1781)8th Pennsylvania Regiment (1776-1781)9th Pennsylvania Regiment (1776-1781)10th Pennsylvania Regiment (1776-1781)11th Pennsylvania Regiment (1776-1778)12th Pennsylvania Regiment (1776-1778)13th Pennsylvania Regiment (1776-1778)Hartley’s additional Continental Regiment (1777-1781)

1st Rhode Island Regiment (1775-1783)2nd Rhode Island Regiment (1775-1781)

1st south Carolina Regiment (1775-1783)2nd southern Carolina Regiment (1775-1783)3rd south Carolina Regiment (1775-1783)4th south Carolina Regiment (1775-1783)5th southern Carolina Regiment (1776-1780)6th southern Carolina Regiment (1776-1780)

1st Virginia Regiment (1775-1783)2nd Virginia Regiment (1775-1783)3rd Virginia Regiment (1775-1783)4th Virginia Regiment (1775-1783)5th Virginia Regiment (1775-1783)6th Virginia Regiment (1775-1783)7th Virginia Regiment (1776-1783)8th Virginia Regiment (1776-1783)9th Virginia Regiment (1775-1781)10th Virginia Regiment (1775-1783)11th Virginia Regiment (1777-1781)12th Virginia Regiment (1776-1780)13th Virginia Regiment (1776-1783)14th Virginia Regiment (1776-1780)15th Virginia Regiment (1776-1780)

Additional Regiments:The continent Army likewise had numerous unnumbered infantry regiments. They were elevated “at large” and also were not a component of any state’s quota.

Forman’s added Continental Regiment (1777-1779)Gist’s additional Continental Regiment (1777-1781)Grayson’s added Continental Regiment (1777-1779)Hartley’s added Continental Regiment (1777-1781)Henley’s additional Continental Regiment (1777-1779)Lee’s extr Continental Regiment (1777-1779)Malcolm’s extr Continental Regiment (1777-1779)Patton’s extr Continental Regiment (1777-1779)Sheppard’s extr Continental Regiment (1777-1778)Sherburne’s added Continental Regiment (1777-1781)Spencer’s added Continental Regiment (1777-1781)Thurston’s additional Continental Regiment (1777-1779)Webb’s extr Continental Regiment (1777-1781)

Extra Infantry Units:Certain permanent infantry devices existed in the Continental army throughout the battle that to be not part of the infantry authorized by Congress and have to be designated the “extra” regiments and corps the the continental Army.

1st Canadian Regiment (1775-1781)Elmore’s Regiment (1776-1777)2nd Canadian Regiment (1776-1783)Commander in Chief’s safety (1776-1783)Long’s Regiment (1776-1777)Ward’s Regiment (1776-1777)German Battalion (1776-1781)Maryland and Virginia Rifle Regiment (1776-1781)Westmoreland Independent service providers (1776-1781)New Hampshire Rangers, aka Whitcomb’s Rangers, (1776-1781)

Continental light Dragoons:The continental Corps of light Dragoons was created in 1777 together an facet of that the 3rd establishment that the continental Army.

1st continent Light Dragoons (1777-1779)2nd continent Light Dragoons (1776-close of war)3rd continental Light Dragoons (1777-1778)4th continental Light Dragoons (1777-1783)Corps of phibìc Carolina light Dragoons (1776-1779)Georgia Regiment of equine Rangers (1780-1781)

Continental Artillery:

1st Continental pho Regiment (1776-1783)2nd Continental artillery Regiment (1777-1783)3rd Continental artillery Regiment (1777-1783)4th Continental artillery Regiment ( 1777-1781)North Carolina continent Artillery agency (1777-1780)

Partisan Corps:

Partisan Corps devices of mounted and infantry troops that were mainly intended to communicate in guerrilla warfare.

Armand’s Legion (1778-1783)Ottendorf’s Corps (1776-1778)Pulaski’s Legion (1778-1780)Lee’s Legion (1776-1783)

Invalid Corps:The Corps that Invalids to be a separate branch of the Continental military that contained veterans that were unfit for duty yet could still serve as guards because that magazines, hospitals and etc.

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Corps that Invalids (1777-1783)

Sources:“Regiments.” Valley create Legacy: The Muster roll Project, Valley build Park Alliance,valleyforgemusterroll.org/army_regiments.asp“Army Birthdays.” U.S. Military Center of military History, history.army.mil/html/faq/branches.htmlFleming, Thomas. “Militia and Continentals.” Journal of the American Revolution, 30 Dec. 2013, allthingsliberty.com/2013/12/militia-continentals“Continental Army.” George Washington’s mountain Vernon, mount Vernon Ladies’ Association, www.mountvernon.org/digital-encyclopedia/article/continental-armyWright, Robert Jr. The continental Army. 1983 history.army.mil/books/RevWar/ContArmy/CA-fm.htmHeitman, Francis Bernard. Officers that the Continental military during the Revolutionary War, April 1775, to December, 1783. 1892.