Key Points

Bronze casting was maybe the most important an innovation during the Shang Dynasty. The Shang made plenty of objects out of bronze, including ceremonial tools, swords, and also spearheads because that the military.The Shang also domesticated horses and developed the chariot, which provided them a substantial military advantage over your opponents.With this technologies, the Shang military expanded the kingdom’s borders significantly.

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Terms

chariot

A two-wheeled, horse-drawn vehicle used in ancient warfare and racing.

Oracle bone

Pieces that ox scapula or tortoise plastron, offered for divination in old China.


Shang bronze Technology

The Shang rule China throughout its copper Age; probably the many important technology at the time was copper casting. The Shang cast bronze objects by creating molds the end of clay, carving a design into the clay, and then pouring molten bronze into the mold. They allowed the bronze to cool and also then broke the clay off, revealing a completed bronze object.


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Shang dynasty Bronze. This bronze ding vessel days to the Shang Dynasty.


The top classes had actually the most accessibility to bronze, and they supplied it for ceremonial objects, and to make offerings to ancestors. Bronze objects were additionally buried in the burial places of Shang elite. The Shang federal government used copper for armed forces weapons, such together swords and also spearheads. This weapons gave them a distinct advantage over your enemies.

Shang armed forces Technology

The chariot to be military an innovation that permitted the Shang come excel at war. Under the Shang, the Chinese tamed the horse. Equines of the time to be still too tiny to ride, yet the Chinese gradually developed the chariot, i m sorry harnessed the horse’s power. The chariot to be a disastrous weapon in battle, and it also permitted Shang soldiers to move huge distances at an excellent speeds. A chariot interment site in ~ Anyang (modern-day Henan) dates to the ascendancy of King Wu Ding of the Shang dynasty (c. 1200 BCE). Oracle bone inscriptions display that the Shang supplied chariots together mobile command vehicles and also in royal hunts. Members that the royal family members were often hidden with a chariot, horses and also a charioteer.

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These army technologies were important, since the Shang were constantly at war. A far-ranging number of Shang oracle skeleton were pertained to with battle. The Shang militaries expanded the borders of the kingdom and also captured priceless resources and also prisoners that war, who could be enslaved or supplied as person sacrifice. The oracle bones also show deep issue over the “barbarians” living external the empire, who were a constant threat to the safety and stability the the kingdom; the military had to be constantly prepared to fight them.