The ax "Hemisphere" was acquired from the Greek word Hemisphairion which refers to one-half of a spherical body. A hemisphere can be characterized as any type of circle that has been drawn approximately the Earth and also divides the earth into two comparable halves. Four various hemispheres room generally thought about by geographers. These are the Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western hemispheres.




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The Equator is the 0° latitude heat at the earth’s center, i m sorry divides the planet into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The prime Meridian or the 0° longitude line and the antemeridian or the 180° longitude line division the planet into the Eastern and also Western hemispheres.

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The Earth"s equator, latitudes and also longitude.
Therefore, the locations that are located to the north of the Equator are considered as a part of the northern Hemisphere, when those areas that space in the southern of the Equator are taken into consideration as a component of the southerly Hemisphere.

The only nation to be located in all the four hemispheres is the island nation of Kiribati. It has been observed the a complete of 12 countries are situated in both the Northern and also Southern Hemispheres of the Earth.

Northern Hemisphere

A significant portion of the earth landmass, about 67.3%, is positioned in the northern Hemisphere. This hemisphere contains the whole parts of phibìc America, central America, and also Europe and the northern component of south America, about two-thirds of north Africa, and major parts of mainland Asia.

The countries of Canada, Mexico, the unified States, the Caribbean Islands, and also the West Indies room a part of the continent of phibìc America and are totally placed in the northern Hemisphere. The nations of Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and also Venezuela are situated north of the Equator in the continent of south America. Brazil and also Ecuador are the just two south American countries that are partially situated in the northern Hemisphere. Around 32 African countries are wholly or partly located in the northern hemisphere, along with about 54 asian countries.


About 60.7% of the planet’s water is situated in the northern Hemisphere. The only s that is totally located in this hemisphere is the Arctic Ocean. The other oceans, namely the Pacific, Atlantic, and the Indian Ocean have actually portions both in the Northern and also in the southern hemisphere.

Due to the tilt of the earth’s axis, the north Hemisphere experience the summer season native June come September and the winter season native December come March. It has been estimated that around 87% the the Earth’s populace lives in the northern Hemisphere.

Southern Hemisphere

About 32.7% that the earth’s landmass is positioned in the southerly Hemisphere. This hemisphere contains the whole of Australia, new Zealand, and Antarctica as well as significant parts of south America, about one-third of Africa, and also some islands of mainland Asia. Around 80.9% that the Earth’s southerly Hemisphere is spanned with water. Significant portions the the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian seas are situated in the southern hemisphere. In enhancement to this, the only ocean that is totally located right here is the southerly Ocean.

The southerly Hemisphere experience a milder climate compared to the northern Hemisphere and experiences the summer season native December come February and the winter season indigenous June to August. It has actually been estimated that much more than 800 million human being reside in the southerly Hemisphere. Jakarta, Rio de Janeiro, Johannesburg, Sydney, and also Melbourne are some of the biggest metropolitan locations that are situated in the southerly Hemisphere.




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Eastern Hemisphere

The locations that are situated in the eastern of the element Meridian and the west of the antemeridian are taken into consideration to be a part of the eastern Hemisphere. Regularly referred to together the "Oriental Hemisphere" and also occasionally in a social and geopolitical sense the "Old World," this hemisphere includes major parts the Europe, Africa, Asia, and also Australia. A component of Antarctica is also located here. The eastern Hemisphere incorporates a better land area compared to that of the western Hemisphere. It has been estimated that about 82% that the Earth’s population resides in the east Hemisphere.

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Standing top top opposite sides of the element Meridian in ~ Greenwich, UK. The Eastern and Western Hemispheres lie to the right and left of the element Meridian in the above image.

Western Hemisphere

The areas that are located in the west the the element Meridian and the east of the antemeridian are thought about as parts of the western Hemisphere. This hemisphere has the entire portions the North and South America and parts of Eurasia, Africa, Antarctica, and also Oceania. The too much eastern edge of the Russian mainland is likewise a part of the western Hemisphere. Located in the Andes mountain variety in Argentina is mount Aconcagua, which rises to an elevation of 6,960.8 m and is the highest possible mountain in the west Hemisphere.

There space some nations that are located in both the Eastern and also Western hemispheres. They are the joined Kingdom, joined States, France, Spain, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Ghana, Mali, Togo, Fiji, Kiribati, and also Russia.