Electrocution results as soon as a human being is exposed to a lethal amount of electrical energy. An electrical hazard deserve to be defined as a serious workplace danger that exposes workers to the following:

Therefore, BE SAFE through recognizing, avoiding, and protecting against all that these electric hazards. This BE SAFE terms are characterized as:

B = Burns: A burn is the most typical shock-related injury. Burns from electricity are brought about by electrical, arc flash, or heat contact.

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E = Electrocution: Electrocution is fatal; it method to kill through electricity. Electrocution results as soon as a human being is exposed to a lethal amount of electrical energy.

S = Shock: Shock results once the human body becomes component of the electric circuit; current enters the body at one point and leaves at another. Electric shock is identified as a reflex response to the passage of electrical existing through the body.

A = Arc Flash: one arc speed is the sudden release of electric energy v the air as soon as a high-voltage gap exists, and there is a break down between conductors. One arc flash gives off heat radiation (heat) and bright, extreme light that can cause burns. Temperatures have been taped as high together 35,000 °F. High-voltage arcs can also produce significant pressure waves by swiftly heating the air and also creating a blast.

one arc flash can be voluntarily or result from inadvertently bridging electric contacts v a conducting object. Other causes may include dropped devices or the buildup the conductive dust or corrosion. For much more information ~ above arc flash/blast, including finest practices in electrical safety, refer to NFPA 70E: standard for electric Safety in the Workplace®

F = Fire: most electrical circulation fires result from difficulties with "fixed wiring" such together faulty electric outlets and old wiring. Troubles with cords (such as extension and also appliance cords), plugs, receptacles, and switches likewise cause electrical fires.

E = Explosion: An to explode can happen when electrical energy ignites one explosive mixture of product in the air.


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two workers were relocating an aluminum ladder. The ladder came in contact with the overhead power lines and also electrocuted one of the workers. As soon as a worker increased the mast on his water well drilling truck, it came into contact with high voltage overhead lines and electrocuted him. The eight of a rotary drilling truck contacted an overhead power line and also electrocuted the worker. The victim and another worker had just perfect drilling a water well on a residential property. The victim relocated the truck away from the well. The victim to be standing in ~ the controls, lowering the boom and was thrown number of feet away from the truck. A worker dropped to the concrete floor while functioning from an 8’ fiberglass action ladder. He was fatally injured and also electrocuted. The worker was an altering an energized ballast on a 2 bulb fluorescent irradiate fixture, located roughly 11" 6" turn off the ground. A worker to be electrocuted if connecting a instead of electrical organization box to the electrical company drop come the building.

2. In a worse-case scenario, what is most likely to happen to a worker if that or she contacts a high voltage overhead power line v a metal ladder or pole?

a. Arc speed b. Electrocution c. Burns d. Shock

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Contact v Power Lines

Overhead and buried power lines are particularly hazardous because they carry extremely high voltage.

Fatalities are feasible as electrocution is the main risk; however, burns and falls native elevations are additionally hazards that workers are exposed to while functioning in the vicinity of high voltage strength lines. Workers may not realize the cranes are not the only equipment that will overhead power lines. Working on a ladder or in a man-basket exposed under or near power lines additionally poses a risk of electrocution. Please click below to evaluation Toolbox speak 1.

Important come note: The covering on one overhead power line is generally for weather protection; therefore, workers need to recognize if lock touch a strength line, covered or bare, fatality is likely.

Voltages that overhead lines variety from 120 to 750,000 volts. The most reliable method to understand the voltage is to ask the utility agency that owns the line. OSHA calls for that equipment be preserved at the very least 10 feet far from power lines through voltages as much as 50 kilovolts (kV).

practice Identifying perils

Try to identify the dangers in the photo below. Then click the picture to watch if girlfriend correctly determined the hazards.


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The severity and also effects the an electrical shock rely on a number of factors, together as:

the pathway through the body, the lot of current, the term of the exposure, and whether the skin is wet or dry.

Water is a an excellent conductor that electricity, allowing current come flow an ext easily in wet conditions and also through wet skin. The table listed below discusses the impacts of electric shock.

Electrical burns deserve to be arc burns, thermal contact burns, or a combination of burns. Electrical burns are among the most serious burns and require immediate medical attention. They take place when an electric existing flows through tissue or bone, generating warmth that causes tissue damage. The human body cannot dissipate the heat created by current flowing through the resistance the the tissue. Therefore, burns occur.

current Reaction
1 milliamp Just a faint tingle.
5 milliamps Slight shock felt. Disturbing, yet not painful. Most people can "let go." However, strong involuntary movements can reason injuries.
6-25 milliamps (women)† 9-30 milliamps (men) Painful shock. Muscular regulate is lost. This is the selection where "freezing currents" start. It might not be feasible to "let go."
50-150 milliamps Extremely painful shock, respiratory tract arrest (breathing stops), major muscle contractions. Flexor muscle may cause holding on; extensor muscle may reason intense pushing away. Love fibrillation possible. Death is possible.
1,000-4,300 milliamps (1-4.3 amps) Rhythmic pumping action of the heart ceases. Muscular contraction and nerve damages occur; fatality likely.
10,000 milliamps (10 amps) Cardiac arrest and severe burns occur. Death is probable.
15,000 milliamps (15 amps) Lowest overcurrent at which a usual fuse or circuit breaker opens up a circuit!
*Effects room for voltages much less than about 600 volts. Greater voltages likewise cause serious burns. †Differences in muscle and fat content impact the severity that shock.

(1,000 milliamperes= 1 amp; therefore, 15,000 milliamperes = 15 amp circuit)


4. The severity and also effects of an electric shock rely on all of noted factors, except _____.

a. The pathway v the human body b. The induced reluctance c. The term of exposure d. The lot of existing

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Examples

To additional illustrate how conveniently a person can receive a deadly shock, consider a voltage that is common to every location in the united States, 120-volts. Under typical working problems where a human being is perspiring, they have actually a resistance of just 1000 ohms from hand-to-hand. Making use of the basic Ohm’s legislation formula (current equates to the voltage divided by the resistance), the present flow will certainly be 0.12 amperes or 120 mA. Native the table in the previous section, we can see the the reaction have the right to be a pains shock to feasible death.

A fault current may travel through a worker"s body, causing electrical burns or fatality if:

the power supply come the electric equipment is not grounded, or the path has actually been broken, or if there room live components or ceiling wires.

Even once the power device is appropriately grounded, electrical equipment can instantly change from safe to hazardous due to the fact that of excessive conditions and also rough treatment.

practice Identifying perils

Try to recognize the risks in each photo below. Then click each photo to view if you correctly determined the hazards.


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The regular wear and also tear ~ above extension and also flexible cords have the right to loosen or reveal wires, developing a hazardous condition. Cords that space not 3-wire type, not designed because that hard-usage, or that have been modified, rise the danger of contacting electric current. With the broad use of power tools on building and construction sites, flexible expansion cords are often necessary.

Because they room exposed, flexible, and also unsecured, lock are an ext susceptible to damage than fixed wiring. Perils are developed when cords, cord connectors, receptacles, and also cord- and plug-connected tools are improperly used and also maintained.

To mitigate hazards, versatile cords must attach to devices and fittings in means that prevent tension at joints and also terminal screws. A flexible cord may be damaged by door or window edges, staples and fastenings, abrasion from surrounding materials, or just by aging. If the electric conductors end up being exposed, over there is a hazard of shocks, burns, or fire.

When a cord connector is wet, electric present can leak to the devices grounding conductor, and also to anyone who picks up the connector if they provide a path to ground. Such leakage can take place not just on the confront of the connector, yet at any portion that is wet.


6. How do you mitigate the electric hazards do by flexible cord connections?

a. Ground all cords in ~ their source b. Pave the cords v duct ice cream c. Mitigate tension at joints and also terminal screws d. Use bonding insulators v the cords

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Let’s review an instance of an yes, really accident:

A fan linked to a 120-volt electrical system via an expansion cord provided ventilation because that a worker performing a chipping operation from an aluminum stepladder. The insulation on the extension cord was cut through and exposed ceiling wires and energized conductors made contact with the ladder. The ground wire was no attached on the male end of the cord"s plug. As soon as the energized conductor made call with the ladder, the path to ground had the worker"s body, causing death.

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What would you recommend?

Recommendation

Though it is feasible to correctly repair the expansion cord, that is constantly best to replace an extension cord the is damaged. Yes, it may price a tiny money to change the expansion cord. However, if you don"t replace the expansion cord, and also it is no repaired properly a life have the right to be lost and also the company will be put at risk.