The masculine reproductive mechanism is mostly located exterior of the body. These external organs encompass the penis, scrotum and also testicles. Interior organs incorporate the vas deferens, prostate and urethra. The masculine reproductive mechanism is responsible for sexual function, and also urination.

Overview

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What’s the masculine reproductive system?

The male reproductive system has a group of organs that make up a male reproductive and also urinary system. This organs perform the complying with jobs within your body:

They produce, maintain and also transport sperm (the male reproductive cells) and semen (the security fluid about sperm).They discharge sperm right into the mrs reproductive tract.They produce and also secrete masculine sex hormones.

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The male reproductive mechanism is consisted of of inner (inside her body) and also external (outside your body) parts. Together, these organs aid you urinate (rid her body of liquid waste materials), have actually sexual intercourse and also make children.


Function

How go the male reproductive system function?

The entire male reproductive device is dependence on hormones. These are chemicals the stimulate or regulate the task of your cells or organs. The major hormones affiliated in the work of the masculine reproductive system are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and also testosterone.

FSH and also LH are produced by the pituitary gland. It’s located at the base of your mind and it’s responsible for countless functions in her body. FSH is vital for sperm production (spermatogenesis). LH stimulates the production of testosterone, which is crucial to proceed the procedure of spermatogenesis. Testosterone is likewise important in the breakthrough of male characteristics, including muscle mass and strength, fat distribution, bone mass and also sex drive.


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What room the exterior male reproductive structures?

Most the the male reproductive system is located outside of your abdominal cavity or pelvis. The external parts of the masculine reproductive system incorporate the penis, the scrotum and also the testicles.

Penis

The cock is the male organ for sex-related intercourse. It has three parts:

The root: This is the component of the penis that attaches come the wall surface of your abdomen.

The opened of the urethra — the tube the transports both semen and urine the end of the human body — is located at the tip of the glans penis. The penis also contains countless sensitive nerve endings.

Semen, which has sperm, is expelled (ejaculated) with the end of the cock when a man reaches sexual orgasm (orgasm). When the penis is erect, the flow of pee is blocked from the urethra, allowing only semen to it is in ejaculated in ~ orgasm.

Scrotum

The scrotum is the loose pouch-like sac that skin that hangs behind the penis. The holds the testicles (also called testes), and many nerves and blood vessels. The scrotum protects your testes, as well as providing a kind of climate manage system. For regular sperm development, the testes have to be in ~ a temperature contempt cooler than the body temperature. Distinct muscles in the wall surface of the scrotum enable it to contract (tighten) and relax, moving the testicles closer come the body because that warmth and also protection or farther far from the human body to cool the temperature.

Testicles (testes)

The testes space oval organs about the dimension of very huge olives that lie in the scrotum, secured in ~ either end by a structure referred to as the spermatic cord. Most men have actually two testes. The testes space responsible because that making testosterone, the primary male sex hormone, and for developing sperm. In ~ the testes are coiled masses of tubes referred to as seminiferous tubules. This tubules space responsible for producing the sperm cells with a process called spermatogenesis.

Epididymis

The epididymis is a long, coiled tube the rests ~ above the backside of every testicle. It carries and also stores sperm cells that are created in the testes. It’s also the job of the epididymis to carry the sperm come maturity — the sperm that arise from the testes are immature and also incapable the fertilization. Throughout sexual arousal, contractions force the sperm into the vas deferens.

What room the inner male reproductive organs?

You have actually several internal organs — additionally called accessory organs — the play a large part in the male reproductive system. This organs include:

Vas deferens: The vas deferens is a long, muscular tube that travels from the epididymis into the pelvic cavity, to simply behind the bladder. The vas deferens transports tires sperm come the urethra in ready for ejaculation.Ejaculatory ducts: this ducts are developed by the fusion of the vas deferens and the seminal vesicles. The ejaculatory ducts empty right into the urethra.Urethra: The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to exterior of her body. In males, it has the additional role of expelling (ejaculating) semen when you with orgasm. When the dick is erect throughout sex, the flow of pee is clogged from the urethra, permitting only semen to be ejaculated at orgasm.Seminal vesicles: The seminal vesicles are sac-like pouches that attach to the vas deferens near the base of the bladder. The seminal vesicles make a sugar-rich liquid (fructose) that gives sperm with a source of energy and also helps with the sperms’ ability to relocate (motility). The liquid of the seminal vesicles renders up many of the volume of your ejaculatory fluid, or ejaculate.Prostate gland: The prostate gland is a walnut-sized framework that’s located below the urinary bladder in front of the rectum. The prostate gland contributes added fluid come the ejaculate. Prostate fluids also assist to nourish the sperm. The urethra, which carries the ejaculate to it is in expelled during orgasm, runs with the center of the prostate gland.Bulbourethral glands: The bulbourethral glands, or Cowper’s glands, room pea-sized structures situated on the sides of the urethra, just below the prostate gland. This glands develop a clear, slippery liquid that empties straight into the urethra. This fluid serves to lubricate the urethra and also to neutralize any acidity that might be existing due to residual fall of to pee in the urethra.

Conditions and Disorders

Can a man go with menopause?

Menopause is a term used to describe the finish of a woman's normal menstrual function. In women, this is significant by alters in hormone production. Among the biggest transforms for a mrs after menopause is that she deserve to no longer have children. The testes, uneven the ovaries, don't lose the capability to make hormones. If a guy is healthy, the may have the ability to make sperm well into his 80s or longer.

On the other hand, subtle changes in the duty of the testes can take place as early on as 45 to 50 year of age, and more dramatically after the period of 70. For numerous men, hormone production may remain normal right into old age, if others may have decreasing hormone production previously on. This have the right to sometimes it is in a result of an illness, such together diabetes.

It’s unclear whether decreasing testicular role contributes to symptoms choose fatigue, weakness, depression or impotence.


Care

Can "male menopause" be treated?

If your testosterone levels room low, hormone replacement treatment may help relieve symptoms, such together the ns of interest in sex, depression and also fatigue. However, replacing male hormones deserve to make prostate cancer worse, and may make atherosclerosis (hardening that the arteries) worse, also.

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You need to receive a finish physical examination and also laboratory tests need to be carry out before beginning hormone replacement therapy. There space still many unanswered questions about how numerous middle-aged guys could benefit from hormone instead of therapy. Talk to your healthcare provider around all the pros and cons that this treatment and also what the best option is because that you.